Frederick Heyliger

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Frederick Heyliger
Frederick T Heyliger 506e.jpg
Nickname(s) Moose
Born (1916-06-23)June 23, 1916
Acton, Massachusetts
Died November 3, 2001(2001-11-03) (aged 85)
Concord, Massachusetts
Place of burial Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1940–1947
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Captain
Unit E Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Bronze Star Medal ribbon.svg Bronze Star
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Military Cross ribbon.png Military Cross
Spouse(s) Mary

Captain Frederick Theodore 'Moose' Heyliger (June 23, 1916 – November 3, 2001)[1] was an officer with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II. He took part in D-Day and Operation Market Garden. Heyliger was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Stephen McCole.

Youth[edit]

Heyliger was born in Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.[1] Heyliger worked as a farm hand throughout his youth, and graduated from the Lawrence Academy at Groton in 1937.[2] Heyliger completed three years of college.[3]

Military service[edit]

Heyliger was assigned to E Company before it left the U.S. and was later assigned as the Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, mortar platoon leader.[4]:160 After Richard Winters was assigned as 2nd Battalion Executive Officer (XO), First Lieutenant Heyliger took command of Easy Company from Winters' first replacement.[4]:156–157, 160 Heyliger commanded Easy Company during Operation Pegasus on October 23, 1944 and oversaw the rescue and evacuation of some of the British 1st Airborne Division that were stranded on the German side of the line after the failed Operation Market Garden across the Rhine.[5][4]:160–162 After the successful rescue of 138 men from the British 1st Airborne Division, for which he received the British Military Cross, he was accidentally shot by one of his own men, an uneasy veteran, on October 31, 1944, while on patrol and talking with Richard Winters about commanding Easy Company.[4]:164–165 He then underwent skin and nerve grafts before being discharged in February 1947.[4]:305

Later years and death[edit]

After Heyliger returned home to Massachusetts, he enrolled at the University of Massachusetts and graduated in 1950 with a degree in ornamental horticulture.[4]:305 Heyliger died on November 3, 2001, in Concord, Massachusetts, at the age of 85.[1] He is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "United States Social Security Death Index," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JYK3-9J9 : 20 May 2014), Frederick T Heyliger, 03 Nov 2001; citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
  2. ^ "The Academy Journal", Fall 2014, p. 35. Retrieved 2014-10-30
  3. ^ WWII Army Enlistment Records: on-line NARA Archival Database
  4. ^ a b c d e f Ambrose, Stephen E. (1992). Band of Brothers: Easy Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-6411-6.
  5. ^ Malarkey, Donald G.; Welch, Bob (2008). Easy Company Soldier: The Legendary Battles of a Sergeant from World War II's "Band of Brothers". St. Martin's Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-312-37849-3.
  6. ^ Frederick Heyliger at Find a Grave

Bibliography[edit]