Frederick Heyliger

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Frederick Heyliger
Frederick T Heyliger 506e.jpg
Nickname(s) The Moose
Born (1916-06-23)June 23, 1916
Acton, Massachusetts
Died November 3, 2001(2001-11-03) (aged 85)
Concord, Massachusetts
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1940–1947
Rank US-O3 insignia.svg Captain
Unit Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Bronze Star Medal ribbon.svg Bronze Star
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Military Cross ribbon.png Military Cross[1]
Relations Mary (wife)
Vic Heyliger (brother)

Captain Frederick Theodore 'Moose' Heyliger (June 23, 1916 – November 3, 2001)[2] was an officer with Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, in the 101st Airborne Division of the United States Army during World War II. He took part in D-Day and Operation Market Garden.

Heyliger was portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers by Stephen McCole.[3]

Youth[edit]

Heyliger was born in Concord, Massachusetts, a small suburban town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.[4] Heyliger worked as a farm hand throughout his youth, and graduated from the Lawrence Academy at Groton in 1937.[5] Heyliger completed three years of college.[6] On November 25, 1940, he enlisted in the Air Corps (USAAC) and trained as an aviation cadet before entering and graduating from Officer Candidate School. In 1941, when the USAAC was abolished as an organization and transformed into a branch subordinate to the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF), Heyliger transferred to the US Army and volunteered for the Paratroopers where he was eventually assigned to Easy Company.[citation needed]

Military service[edit]

After Richard Winters was promoted to Battalion Executive Officer (XO), First Lieutenant Heyliger took command of Easy Company from Winters' first replacement.[7][8] As First Lieutenant, Heyliger was in command of Easy Company during Operation Pegasus on October 23, 1944 and oversaw the rescue and evacuation of some of the British 1st Airborne Division that were still stranded on the German side of the line after the failed Operation Market Garden across the Rhine.[9][10] After the successful rescue of 138 men from the British 1st Airborne Division, for which he received the British Military Cross, he was accidentally shot by one of his own men, an uneasy veteran, on October 31, 1944, while on patrol and talking with Richard Winters about commanding Easy Company.[11] He then underwent skin and nerve grafts before being discharged in February 1947.[12]

Later years[edit]

After Heyliger returned home to Massachusetts, he enrolled at the University of Massachusetts and graduated in 1950 with a degree in ornamental horticulture.[12] He married in 1964, to a woman named Mary. Heyliger died on November 3, 2001, in Concord, Massachusetts, at the age of 85.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DeAngelis, Frank. "Heyliger's shadowbox". Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  2. ^ Social Security Death Index record
  3. ^ IMDB, retrieved 2014-10-30
  4. ^ a b Social Security Death Index SSN 384-01-8932
  5. ^ "The Academy Journal", Fall 2014, p. 35. Retrieved 2014-10-30
  6. ^ WWII Army Enlistment Records: on-line NARA Archival Database
  7. ^ Ambrose (1992), p.154.
  8. ^ Ambrose (1992), p.157.
  9. ^ Malarkey (2008), p.137.
  10. ^ Ambrose (1992), p.162.
  11. ^ Ambrose (1992), pp.161-162.
  12. ^ a b Ambrose (1992), pp.296-297.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1992). Band of Brothers: Easy Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-6411-6. 
  • Malarkey, Donald G., with Bob Welch (2008). Easy Company Soldier: The Legendary Battles of a Sergeant from World War II's "Band of Brothers". St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-37849-3.