Frederick Hockley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Frederick Hockley
Frederick Hockley spiritualist.png
Born 1809
Died November 10, 1885
Occupation Occult writer, scryer

Frederick Hockley (1809 – November 10, 1885) was a British occultist and scryer who was a London-based Freemason and a member of the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia.[1][2]


Hockley avidly collected and transcribed over many years a vast library of important occult books, works and texts, including a Rosicrucian manuscript belonging to Sigismund Bacstrom, who was initiated into an occult society in Mauritius in 1794. This text had a great influence on British occultism.[3]

He established the spiritualist Croydon Circle in 1853, in which he claimed to be in communication with a group of spirits controlled by the Crowned Angel of the Seventh Sphere. This predated the first spiritualist organization in London, known as the Charing Cross Spirit Circle formed in January, 1857.[4]

Hockley practiced the art of 'crystallomancy' or 'the art of invocating spirits by the crystal' and believed this to be one of the most important forms of spirit communication. He kept notes on many of his experiments and experiences, accumulating a vast amount of information.[5]

It is said that through close knit London circles, his freemasonry connections and SRIA connections, as well as the extensive and vast library he left behind him on his passing that he contributed to the forming and curriculum of 'The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn'. It is also alleged that the original cipher manuscript on which the Golden Dawn was formed may well have been written by Hockley.

Hockley was a close friend of Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie and other British Rosicrucians and occultists of his period. He was purportedly a pupil of Francis Barrett, author of The Magus (1801).

In March, 1884 he joined the London Spiritualist Alliance.[6]

Hockley died November 10, 1885.


  • The Rosicrucian Seer, 1986 and 2009
  • A Complete Book of Magic Science, 2008
  • Solomon's Clavis or Key to Unlock the Mysteries of Magic, 2008
  • Occult Spells - A Nineteenth Century Grimoire, 2009
  • The Clavis or Key to the Magic of Solomon, 2009
  • Invocating by Magic Crystals and Mirrors, 2010
  • Journal of a Rosicrucian Philosopher, 2010
  • Abraham the Jew on Magic Talismans, 2011
  • A Book of the Offices of Spirits, 2011
  • Clavis Arcana Magica, 2012
  • Dr. Rudd's Nine Hierarchies of Angels, 2013
  • Ars Notoria - The Notary Art of Solomon, 2015
  • The Pauline Art of Solomon, 2016
  • Mr. Yardley's Process, 2016 Éditions Les Trois R


  1. ^ Cavendish, Richard. (1977). A History of Magic. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 138. ISBN 978-0297772521
  2. ^ Decker, Ronald; Dummett, Michael. (2002). A History of the Occult Tarot, 1870-1970. Duckworth. pp. 44-45. ISBN 978-0715631225
  3. ^ "Frederick Hockley: A Hidden Force behind the 19th Century English Occult Revival". Journal of the Western Mystery Tradition.
  4. ^ Nelson, G. K. (2013). Spiritualism and Society. p. 92. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415714624
  5. ^ Cicero, Chic; Cicero, Sandra Tabatha. (2003). The Essential Golden Dawn: An Introduction to High Magic. Llewellyn Publications. p. 38. ISBN 978-0738703107
  6. ^ M. A. Oxon (William Stainton Moses). The London Spiritualist Alliance. Light. Volume 4. March 15, 1884. p. 108
  • Hockley, Frederick. The Rosicrucian Seer: Magical Writings of Frederick Hockley. Wellingborough, England: Aquarian Press, 1986.
  • King, Francis. The Rites of Modern Occult Magic New York: Macmillan, 1970.
  • Description of Mr. Yardley's Process, on Éditions Les Trois R website.

External links[edit]