Frederick Howard Marsh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Frederick) Howard Marsh
Howard Marsh. Photogravure after Stearn & Sons. Wellcome V0026818.jpg
Born (1839-03-07)7 March 1839
Homersfield, Suffolk, England
Died 24 June 1915(1915-06-24) (aged 76)
Cambridge, England
Occupation Surgeon
Professor of surgery
Master of Downing College, Cambridge
Spouse(s) 1. Jane Perceval (1870)
2. Violet Susan Hay (1899)
Children Edward Marsh
(1872–1953)
Margaret Helen Marsh/Maurice (1875-1942)
Parent(s) Edward Brunning Marsh (1809-1876)
Maria Haward

Frederick Howard Marsh (7 March 1839 – 24 June 1915), known as Howard Marsh, was a surgeon and academic. From 1907 until his death he was Master of Downing College, Cambridge.[1][2]

Life[edit]

Howard Marsh was born in 1839[3] in a small village in eastern England, near Bungay, on the Suffolk / Norfolk border.[1] His father, Edward Brunning Marsh,[4] is described as a "gentleman farmer",[3] of Homersfield, on the Waveney, Suffolk. His mother Maria, née Haward, daughter of Charles and Maria,[5] came from Brook, near Norwich.[4] The Marsh family was 'old-established East Anglian farming stock', originally from Eye.[6]

He studied at St Bartholomew's Hospital ("Bart's") in London, where he signed on in December 1858, becoming a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in June 1861.[7] He was appointed house surgeon at the hospital in 1862, working under Frederic Skey.[7] He obtained his F.R.C.S. diploma in 1866 and in 1868 was appointed Administrator of Chloroform.[7] He held a succession of progressively more senior appointments as assistant surgeon before eventually becoming a full surgeon in 1891.[3] By this time he had already, since 1868, worked as a surgeon at the Hospital for Sick Children in Great Ormond Street (as it was then known) where he became full surgeon in 1879 and consulting surgeon in 1888.[7] Also in the late 1860s Marsh became surgeon to the Queen Square House of Relief for Children with Chronic Disease of the Joints,[3] an establishment founded "in great part through the exertions of Miss Perceval".[7] Howard Marsh married Jane Perceval, the grand daughter of an assassinated British prime minister, in 1870.[8]

In 1903 Marsh was appointed Professor of Surgery at Cambridge University[1] in belated succession to Sir George Murray Humphry (who had died in 1896).[3] Marsh resigned from his post at Bart's and relocated to Cambridge, becoming a fellow of Kings College.[1] Four years later he relocated again, half a mile to the south, becoming Master of Downing College, Cambridge.[2]

As Master of Downing College Marsh resisted government pressure to restrict access for students from India, then an important British Colony.[2] Approximately one third of all Indian students attending Cambridge University during the early years of the twentieth century chose Downing College: Marsh attributed this to the college's reputation for excellent teaching of law, a subject favoured by India's burgeoning mercantile classes.[2] Government pressure was part of a wider political strategy to limit anti-colonial activism in British universities.[2] After consulting with fellow members of the college governing body Marsh politely rejected the British minister's request to restrict admissions in a way which would have been "a rebuff to Indian students".[2]

Family[edit]

Marsh was father to the polymath Edward Marsh and father-in-law of the controversial general and writer, Frederick Barton Maurice. A grand daughter was the economist Joan Robinson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Who was who 1897-1916. A companion volume to "Who's who" containing the biographies of those who died during the period 1897-1916. London: A & C Black limited. 1919.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Teresa Seguar-Garcia (2015). "Downing College and India: Frederick Howard Marsh is not one of Downing's best-remembered Masters. However, ...". Downing College Magazine Winter 2014-2015. Downing College, Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Frederick Howard Marsh (1839–1915)". Nature. 143: 369–370. 4 March 1939. doi:10.1038/143369d0. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  4. ^ a b The Cambridge Medical School: A Biographical History, Sir Humphry Davy Rolleston, 1932, pg 221
  5. ^ A Memoir of Howard Marsh, Violet Susan Marsh, Murray, 1921, pg 2
  6. ^ A Memoir of Howard Marsh, Violet Susan Marsh, Murray, 1921, pg 1
  7. ^ a b c d e "Obituary: Frederick Howard Marsh MA Cantab, (Honoris Causa), M.C., Sc.D., F.R.C.S.Eng". British Medical Journal. 3 July 1915.
  8. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Alexander Hill (1888-1907)
Master of Downing College, Cambridge
1907–1915
Succeeded by
Albert Seward (1915-1936)