|Full name||Frederick Keeping|
|Born||11 August 1867
|Died||21 February 1950
Keeping competed in the 333 metres and 12 hours races. In the 12 hours race, Keeping was one of only two cyclists to finish, covering 314.664 kilometres. He was only one lap behind the winner, Adolf Schmal, who covered 314.997 kilometres. Keeping tied with two others for fifth place in the 333m, with 27.0 seconds.
Keeping worked as a servant at the British Embassy in Greece. There were objections that he and another rider, Edward Battell, worked for a living. That made them "not gentlemen so they could not possibly be amateurs." The historian Mike Price said: "Gentlemen were not paid so were true amateurs. Servants had to be paid and so lost any claims to being amateur. Such was the attitude of the day". The protests were overruled.
Olympic 12-hour race
Richard D. Mandell, in his book The First Modern Olympics, wrote: "Neither had eaten and had only sipped liquid. They were squalid from excreta and delirious from fatigue... their legs swollen gruesomely... both could be heard weeping."
Adolf Schmal of Austria completed 900 laps of the velodrome to finish one lap ahead of Keeping. Rain and wind meant there were few spectators and those that were there lost interest because the race was "a monotonous sight."
- He is often listed as Frank Keeping in contemporary reports
- Gjerde, Arild; Jeroen Heijmans; Bill Mallon; Hilary Evans (November 2012). "Frederick Keeping Biography and Olympic Results". Olympics. Sports Reference.com. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
- Price, Mike (2000), Days of Gold and Glory, privately published, UK
- Ullrich leads team-mates to podium The Sunday Times