Frederick McCall

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Frederick McCall
Fredmccall.jpg
Frederick Robert Gordon McCall
Born(1896-12-04)4 December 1896
Vernon, British Columbia, Canada
Died22 January 1949(1949-01-22) (aged 52)
Calgary, Alberta
AllegianceGeorge V
Service/branchRoyal Flying Corps, Royal Canadian Air Force
Years of service1917–1918
RankSquadron Leader
UnitNo. XIII Squadron RAF
No. 41 Squadron RAF
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsDistinguished Service Order
Military Cross & Bar
Distinguished Flying Cross
Other workAviation pioneer

Frederick Robert Gordon McCall DSO, MC & Bar, DFC (4 December 1896 – 22 January 1949) was a Canadian air ace during World War I, with 35 confirmed and two unconfirmed victories.[1] After a career in civil aviation, he returned to service in World War II.

Early life[edit]

Born in Vernon, British Columbia, McCall came to Calgary with his family in 1906. In February 1916 McCall enlisted with the 175th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF). Eight months later, he was in France with this battalion as a sergeant.[2]

McCall expressed interest in transferring from the army to the RAF and received a commission as a lieutenant pilot trainee in March 1917.[3] In December was assigned to No. XIII Squadron RAF on the Western Front, flying the two seater Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 reconnaissance aircraft with F.C. Farrington.[4]

Aerial service in World War I[edit]

McCall's first aerial victory occurred while flying the R.E.8, shooting down a German aircraft. McCall was awarded the Military Cross "for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty", and two weeks later the accompanying Bar for downing an enemy scout aircraft while on a mission to take photographs.

After his third victory while flying the R.E.8, McCall was next transferred to No. 41 Squadron RAF and began flying the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross after scoring four "kills" in May 1918. On 28 June 1918 McCall downed four enemy aircraft, including one shared with Eric John Stephens. On 30 June 1918 now Captain McCall downed five more Germans, four in the morning and the fifth that evening. For this McCall was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.[5]

On 17 August, he was accompanying William Gordon Claxton when the pair of them ran into Jagstaffel 20, which consisted of at least 40 planes. In the ensuing fight, which saw Claxton shot down, McCall scored a victory.

McCall was ordered to England, and eventually to Canada, on convalescent leave. The armistice ending World War I was signed while McCall was in Canada recuperating from illness.

Life between the wars[edit]

plane on top of a merry go round
Capt McCall landing atop a merry-go-round at the Calgary Stampede
plane on top of a merry go round
Capt McCall landing atop a merry-go-round at the Calgary Stampede

Following the armistice McCall embarked upon a variety of civil aviation ventures, beginning with stunt flying. On 5 July 1919, while barnstorming, he crash-landed when his engine failed while he was taking off. His landing site was the top of the merry-go-round at the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede. He and his two passengers were uninjured.[6]

He founded his own company, McCall Aero Corporation Limited, in 1920. With this company McCall flew commercial freight and passengers across Canada, pioneering air travel to Banff.

Later, he founded another aviation company, Great Western Airways. One of his more spectacular achievements was the flying of 200 quarts of nitroglycerin from Shelby, Montana to Calgary in 1928.

The following year, he ignored bad weather to fly a doctor to the Skiff oil fields to treat two seriously injured workers.

McCall also worked to encourage the formation of Canadian flying clubs in the inter-war years.

World War II and beyond[edit]

With the arrival of the Second World War McCall was recalled to service with the Royal Canadian Air Force as a Squadron Leader, based at numerous western Canadian bases.

McCall died in Calgary Alberta on 22 January 1949 at the age of 52.

Replica of Freddie McCall's aircraft at the Glenbow Museum in Calgary.

In the city of Calgary, Alberta, the McCall industrial park and the road "McCall Way" is named after him, as well as McCall Lake Golf Course. Freddie McCall appears in exhibits in several museums in and around Calgary such as the Glenbow Museum and the Calgary Aerospace Museum. In 1939 the Calgary Airport was named after him but has since been renamed Calgary International Airport. There is also a provincial electoral district bearing his name, Calgary-McCall, which was established in 1971. A book entitled Mavericks History of Alberta contains some information on McCall as well.

Bibliography[edit]

Notes

References

  • The Aerodrome (2019). "WWI Aces of Canada: Frederick McCall". theaerodrome.com. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  • Alberta Online Encyclopedia (2019). "Fred McCall". Heritage Communty Foundation. Archived from the original on 8 December 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  • Franks, Norman (2007). SE 5/5a Aces of World War I. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 9781846031809. - Total pages: 96
  • Logan, Shawn (2 July 2019). "How a flying ace crash landed on a Calgary Stampede carousel". Edmonton Sun. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  • Mapplebeck, D.L. (21 January 2019). "Fred McCall". The Hanger Museum. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  • Shores, Christopher (2001). British and Empire Aces of World War 1. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 9781841763774. - Total pages: 96