Frederick Moss

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Frederick Moss

Frederick Joseph Moss (1827/1828 – 8 July 1904) was a 19th-century Member of Parliament from Auckland, New Zealand.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Longwood, Saint Helena in 1827 or 1828, and moved to South Africa. He returned to Saint Helena in 1847. There, he married Emily Ann Carew in 1853 or 1854. In 1857, he went back to South Africa, intending to settle in Natal, but locusts had destroyed agricultural prospects. He decided to emigrate to New Zealand instead and the couple and their three children arrived in Lyttelton on the Zealandia on 12 November 1859.[1]

Life in New Zealand[edit]

In Lyttelton, Moss supported the rail tunnel project and established himself as a trader. He was instrumental in forming a volunteer company and became captain. With the discovery of gold in Otago, he moved to Dunedin in 1862. He entered various business partnerships, including with Thomas Dick. He became captain of the local rifle volunteers and founded a newspaper, the Otago Daily Mail, which he sold after only a few months.[1]

Political career[edit]

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1878–1879 6th Parnell Independent
1879–1881 7th Parnell Independent
1881–1884 8th Parnell Independent
1884–1887 9th Parnell Independent
1887–1890 10th Parnell Independent

In Dunedin, he was elected to the Otago Provincial Council in 1863. He was secretary for public works and served as provincial treasurer. He and Dick, who had been elected onto the Provincial Council in 1859,[2] were opponents of Julius Vogel, who also entered the Provincial Council in 1863. When Vogel became leader of the provincial executive in 1866 and then treasurer,[3] Moss resigned the following year.[1]

He represented the Parnell electorate from 1878 to 1890, when he retired.[4] He was a liberal and a supporter of Sir George Grey and provincialism.

His son Edward George Britton Moss was the Member of Parliament for Ohinemuri from 1902 to 1905.[5]


Moss died in Auckland on 8 July 1904. He was survived by his wife (by two years) and six of his eight children.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Macdonald, Barrie (22 June 2007). "Moss, Frederick Joseph 1827/1828? – 1904". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  2. ^ McLintock, A. H., ed. (23 April 2009) [1966]. "Dick, Thomas". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Dalziel, Raewyn (22 June 2007). "Vogel, Julius 1835 – 1899". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 23 September 2010. 
  4. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  5. ^ Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 120. 
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Reader Wood
Member of Parliament for Parnell
Succeeded by
Frank Lawry