Frederick Oliver Chilton
Sir Frederick Oliver Chilton
CBE, DSO & Bar
Brigadier Chilton, Trinity Beach, Queensland, 23 July 1944
|Secretary of the Repatriation Department|
|Preceded by||Sir George Wootten|
|Succeeded by||Richard Kingsland|
23 July 1905|
Woollahra, New South Wales
|Died||1 October 2007
Sydney, New South Wales
|Alma mater||University of Sydney|
|Civilian awards||Knight Bachelor
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
|Service/branch||Citizen Military Forces
Second Australian Imperial Force
|Years of service||1923–1937
|Commands||18th Brigade (1943–45)
2/2nd Battalion (1940–41)
|Military awards||Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Mentioned in Despatches (3)
Born in Sydney in 1905 and educated at North Sydney High School, Sir Frederick studied law at University of Sydney, joining the Sydney University Regiment, which produced a number of notable A.I.F. leaders. He was the commanding officer of D Company with the 2/2 infantry battalion of the 6th Division in the first Libyan and Greek campaigns.
In the Libyan campaign, Chilton was described as an exceptionally careful planner who liked to leave nothing to chance. In May 1941 Chilton was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO), which cited his "conspicuous gallantry, coolness and initiative". During the Greek campaign, New Zealand General Bernard Freyberg praised Chilton as a fine man and Freyberg also praised Chilton for his calm attitude during the campaign.
From 1943 to 1945, Sir Frederick, with the rank of brigadier, commanded the 18th Australian Infantry Brigade in Buna, the Ramu Valley and later in Borneo. In the New Guinea campaign, Chilton was described as modest and self-effacing but with a keen sense of duty; Chilton had already proved himself a resolute leader and careful planner. Chilton was awarded a Bar to his DSO in March 1945. At the end of hostilities he was military governor of the Celebes (now Sulawesi) and accepted the Japanese surrender from General Fusataro Teshima.
At the war's end, Sir Frederick joined the Joint Intelligence Service and helped map out Australia's Cold War strategy that led to the formation of ASIO and ASIS. He is credited with helping crack a Russian spy ring attempting to operate in Australia.
In 1948, he was appointed assistant secretary of the Defence of Department and two years later promoted to the position of chairman of the Repatriation Commission, the forerunner of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Chilton said that the time when he led the Repatriation Department was "perhaps the most useful, productive and satisfying years of my working life, and they gave full scope to whatever leadership qualities I may have possessed". He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1957, and was promoted to Commander in 1963. In 1969, the year before he retired, he was knighted.
Personal life and death
Dying in 2007, aged 102, Sir Frederick never married, and rarely spoke of his military life. He was remembered as the last surviving commanding officer of the 2/2nd Infantry Battalion of the 6th Division; he was farewelled in Sydney by a handful of his former colleagues. The handful of surviving soldiers from Sir Frederick's 2/2 Battalion, all in their late 80s, reflected on their experiences serving under a man they described as "inspirational and genuine". Former sergeant Carl Parrott said: "He was an excellent man. He wasn't highfalutin; he was just a good bloke. There are some commanding officers I wouldn't walk five miles for, but I'd go miles and miles for him."
- Volume I – To Benghazi, Australia’s Official Histories – Second World War, Australian War Memorial, retrieved 2008-10-27.
- Obituary, The Australian, 9 October 2007
- Volume II – Greece, Crete and Syria, Australia’s Official Histories – Second World War, Australian War Memorial, retrieved 2008-10-27.
- Volume VI – The New Guinea Offensives, Ch.26, Kankiryo Saddle, Jan-Feb 1944, Australia’s Official Histories – Second World War, Australian War Memorial, retrieved 2008-10-27.
- London Gazette, 8 March 1945
- Obituary, The Sydney Morning Herald, 11 October 2007
- London Gazette, 13 June 1957
- London Gazette, 1 January 1963
- London Gazette, 14 June 1969
- Chilton Street, ACT Government Environment and Sustainable Development Directorate, archived from the original on 27 February 2014
- Index to "Australia’s Official Histories – Second World War, Australian War Memorial, retrieved 27 October 2008
- Frederick Chilton: Alumni remembered, University of Sydney
- "Frederick Chilton", generals.dk
- "Gallantry Awards in SW Pacific". The Argus. 9 March 1945.
|Secretary of the Repatriation Department