Frederick Peel

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The Right Honourable
Sir Frederick Peel
Frederick Peel, Vanity Fair, 1903-12-17.jpg
"a Railway Commissioner". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1903.
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
2 November 1860 – 19 August 1865
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Palmerston
Preceded bySamuel Laing
Succeeded byHugh Childers
Personal details
Born26 October 1823
Died6 June 1906 (1906-06-07) (aged 82)
Political partyLiberal
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge

Sir Frederick Peel KCMG PC (26 October 1823 – 6 June 1906), was a British Liberal Party politician and railway commissioner.

Background and education[edit]

Peel was second son of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet, by his wife Julia Floyd, daughter of General Sir John Floyd, 1st Baronet. He was the brother of Sir Robert Peel, 3rd Baronet, Sir William Peel and Arthur Peel, 1st Viscount Peel.[1] He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a barrister in 1849.[2] At Cambridge he was a member of the Pitt Club.[3]

Political career[edit]

Peel entered parliament in that year, when he was elected at an unopposed by-election in February 1849 as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Leominster.[4] At the next general election, in 1852, he was returned as the MP for Bury,[5] but was defeated in 1857.[5] He regained the Bury seat in 1859, and remained in the House of Commons until a further defeat in 1865.[5] He served as Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies under Lord John Russell from 1851 to 1852 and under Lord Aberdeen from 1852 to 1854, as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Aberdeen from 1854 to 1855 and as Under-Secretary of State for War under Lord Palmerston from 1855 to 1857, when he was sworn of the Privy Counsellor.[6] He again held office under Palmerston and then Russell as Financial Secretary to the Treasury from 1860 to 1865.

Peel's chief service to the state was in connection with the Railway and Canal Commission. He was appointed a commissioner on the inception of this body in 1873, and was its president until its reconstruction in 1888, remaining a member of the commission until his death in 1906. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1869.[7]


Peel died in June 1906, aged 82.


  1. ^ The Peerage
  2. ^ "Peel, Frederick (PL841F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Fletcher, Walter Morley (2011) [1935]. The University Pitt Club: 1835-1935 (First Paperback ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-107-60006-5.
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 181. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  5. ^ a b c Craig, page 72
  6. ^ "No. 21998". The London Gazette. 8 May 1857. p. 1616.
  7. ^ "No. 23512". The London Gazette. 1 July 1869. p. 3750.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Barkly
George Arkwright
Member of Parliament for Leominster
With: George Arkwright
Succeeded by
John George Phillimore
George Arkwright
Preceded by
Richard Walker
Member of Parliament for Bury
Succeeded by
Robert Needham Philips
Preceded by
Robert Needham Philips
Member of Parliament for Bury
Political offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Hawes
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Succeeded by
The Earl of Desart
Preceded by
The Earl of Desart
Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
Office Abolished
New office Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
Succeeded by
John Ball
Preceded by
Henry Roberts
Under-Secretary of State for War
Succeeded by
Sir John Ramsden, Bt
Preceded by
Samuel Laing
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Hugh Childers