Frederick Peterson (March 1, 1859 – July 9, 1938) was an American neurologist and poet. Peterson was at the forefront of psychoanalysis in the United States, publishing one of the first articles of Freud and Jung's theories of Free Association in 1909.
Peterson was born in Faribault, Minnesota. After graduating from the University at Buffalo, he attended the Universities of Vienna, Zurich, Strassburg and Gőttingen. Upon his return to the United States, he became a professor at the University at Buffalo in 1882. For the following decade he practiced as a neurologist in New York City. He was involved in Harold P. Brown's 1888 anti-alternating current dog electrocution demonstrations at Columbia University during the War of Currents and later that year was appointed by the New York Medico-Legal Society to lead up a committee finalizing the method of electrical execution via the electric chair in that state. He spent 1893–1894 as a professor at the University of Vermont. In 1900 he was appointed president of the New York State Commission on Lunacy. From 1903 until his retirement, he served as a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University. He was also a well known connoisseur and collector of Chinese paintings.
Peterson's major contributions to medical theory include editorial positions at:
- The Journal of Nervous and Medical Diseases
- The New York Medical Journal
- Mental Diseases (9th ed. 1920)
- The American Textbook of Legal Medicine and Toxicology (2nd ed. 1923)
In addition to his numerous medical writings, Peterson was an accomplished poet publishing Poems and Swedish Translations in 1883, In the Shade of the Ygdrasil in 1893, and The Flutter of the Gold Leaf (1922)
Peterson's daughter, Virgilia Peterson was the noted author, critic and host of the Dumont Network program The Author Meets The Critics. A Grandson, Prince Nicolas Sapieha was the well known art and architecture photographer. Ted Jessup, the American television producer is a great great grandson.
- Richard Moran, Executioner's Current: Thomas Edison, George Westinghouse, and the Invention of the Electric Chair, Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group - 2007, page 102
- Encyclopaedia Americana
- 45th Annual Report of Craig Colony, New York State
- Psychoanalytic Pioneers Franz Alexander, Samuel Eisenstein, Martin Grotjahn
- Works written by or about Frederick Peterson at Wikisource
- Works by Frederick Peterson at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Frederick Peterson at Internet Archive
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