Frederick Roehrig

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Frederick Roehrig
Frederick Roehrig.jpg
Born (1857-12-24)December 24, 1857
LeRoy, New York
Died October 7, 1948(1948-10-07)
Pasadena, California
Nationality American
Occupation Architect
Buildings Hotel Green/Castle Green
Frederick Hastings Rindge House
Ramsay-Durfee Estate
Andrew McNally House

Frederick Louis Roehrig (1857 – 1948) was an early 20th-century American architect. Roehrig was born in LeRoy, New York, the son of the noted "orientalist and philoligist," Frederick L.O. Roehrig[1] He graduated from Cornell University in 1883 and also studied architecture in England and France.[1] His architectural styles evolved over time, covering the Victorian, American Craftsman, and Neo-Classical styles.[2] Roehrig is particularly known for his many landmark buildings in Pasadena, California, including the Hotel Green, and Pasadena Heritage has occasionally conducted tours of Roehrig's buildings.[2][3]

Notable works[edit]

Roehrig's notable works include the following:

  • Hotel Green — The landmark Hotel Green, located at 99 South Raymond Avenue in Pasadena, was built in the late 19th century and helped build Roehrig's reputation. The Hotel Green was home to both the Tournament of Roses and the Valley Hunt Club. It was built by George Gill Green and was supplemented by two later buildings, including Castle Green. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
    • Castle Green — Another of Roehrig's landmark structures is Castle Green, built in 1898 as an annex to the Hotel Green. In 2003, the Los Angeles Times described Roehrig's concept for Castle Green as follows: "And there is Castle Green, which is not really a castle either, but a fantastic folly created from the imagination of a Victorian architect with a penchant for Arabesque opulence. ... The imposing Moorish-style structure is redolent with atmosphere, from its cylindrical turrets to its ornate cornices. You have to stop and remind yourself that this is no longer a grand turn-of-the-century hotel, but condominiums."[4]
Hotel Green
  • Frederick Hastings Rindge House — In 1902, Roehrig designed a 25-room mansion for Frederick H. Rindge (the owner of Malibu, California) in the West Adams district of Los Angeles.[5] Rindge House was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.
  • Ramsay-Durfee Estate — The Ramsay-Durfee Estate is a 42-room, 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) Tudor mansion with a Craftsman interior, designed by Roehrig and built in 1908. After being occupied for 50 years by a reclusive widow, Nellie Durfee, the house was purchased by the Brothers of St. John of God in the 1970s. The mansion was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.
Rindge House
  • Braun Music Center — The Braun Music Center at Westridge School in Pasadena was designed by Roehrig in 1909 as a private gymnasium and theatre for a family living on Orange Grove Boulevard.
  • Neff Mansion — The Neff Mansion, also known as the McNally Mansion, is part of Neff Park in La Mirada, California. Three acres of the site, including the Neff Mansion, were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.[6]
  • Eddy House — According to authorities at Occidental College, Eddy House was built in 1905 and designed by Roehrig.[7] Despite efforts to save it, Eddy house was demolished in 1972 to make way for apartments.[8]
  • Mansions of "Millionaire's Row" — Roehrig also designed several mansions built between 1892 and 1911 along Pasadena's famous "Millionaire's Row" on South Orange Grove. Though many of the mansions on South Orange Grove were demolished in the 1950s and 1960s, three of Roehrig's mansions were preserved as part of the campus of the Worldwide Church of God's Ambassador College and were listed for sale in 2003.[9][10]
  • Grace Mansion and Water Tower — Roehrig also designed a Pasadena home for William Stanton. He designed both Grace Mansion and an adjacent water tower built in 1891 to match the mansion. The tower had a wood-shingle exterior, designed to camouflage the 50,000-gallon steel water tank serving the adjacent mansion and surrounding land. The water tower was later converted into a home.[11]
  • Scoville House — Located at 280 South Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena, Roehrig was inspired by the Prairie House movement in designing Scoville House. The house was built in 1909.[12]
  • Louise Hugus House — Located at 805 S. Madison Avenue in Pasadena, Roehrig designed this Craftsman-style house in 1908.[13]
  • Finnish Folk Art Museum — Located at 470 West Walnut Street in Pasadena, the Finnish Folk Art Museum was built in 1911. It was built for the Finnish consul and later turned into the Finnish Folk Art Museum. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • East Wynyate — South Pasadena's Historical Landmark #43 located at 909 Lyndon Street in South Pasadena was built in 1896.

Other buildings designed by Roehrig include First Presbyterian Church of Pasadena, Pasadena Hospital, Alhambra Library, the power house of the Los Angeles Aqueduct,[1] W.H. Bartlett Estate in Montecito,[14] and the Andrew McNally House in Altadena.[2]

Roehrig's brother, Dr. G. Edward Roehrig, was organizer and president of the Zoological Society of Los Angeles.[15]

Frederick Roehrig died at age 90 in 1948.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d "Frederick L. Roehrig Will Be Buried Today". Los Angeles Times. 1948-10-11. 
  2. ^ a b c "Tour to Feature Roehrig Homes". Los Angeles Times. 1980-03-09. 
  3. ^ "History Body Slates Tour of Pasadena". Los Angeles Times. 1981-03-08. 
  4. ^ Tina Daunt (2003-08-21). "Inner Life: Leading modern lives inside a grand antique". Los Angeles Times. 
  5. ^ "Rindge Will Build Baronial Residence: A Fifty-Thousand Dollar Home on Adams Street". Los Angeles Times. 1902-05-20. 
  6. ^ Carla Rivera (1985-11-21). "LaMirada Takes Up Modest Plans for Historic McNally Ranch". 
  7. ^ Bert Mann (1972-12-31). "Reprieve Given Homes Threatened by Project". Los Angeles Times. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ Ruth Ryon (2003-12-07). "Hot Property; An 'ER' physician calls in New York". Los Angeles Times. 
  10. ^
  11. ^ Ruth Ryon (2003-04-06). "Home of the Week: Living above it all in converted water tower". Los Angeles Times. 
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Retrospect L.A.". Los Angeles Times. 1982-09-12. 
  14. ^ "Handsome Homes are Planned". Los Angeles Times. 1910-06-05. 
  15. ^ "Death Beckons to Dr. Roehrig". Los Angeles Times. 1938-04-18. 

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