His family originally came from Burgundy. They were forced to flee after Pierre Vezin (1654–1727) gave assistance to the Huguenots, even though he was a Catholic. For two generations, they lived in Hannover. In 1813, Charles Henri Vezin (1782–1853) emigrated to the United States and settled in Philadelphia. The family produced several creative artists in addition to Frederick, including his uncle, the actor Hermann Vezin, and his brother, Charles Vezin (1858–1942), also a painter.
In 1876, Frederick decided to return to Germany to study art at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he studied landscape painting with Georg Heinrich Crola. Later, he studied history painting with Peter Janssen and the Nazarene artist, Karl Müller. He remained at the Academy until 1883; working with Julius Roeting, Eduard von Gebhardt and Wilhelm Sohn. After a stay in Munich, he lived in Düsseldorf from 1895 until his death.
He concentrated on landscapes and genre scenes, mostly depicting high society, although he was also known for portraits. Thanks to the influence of his uncle, Hermann, he was known in England and the United States as well. He had a major showing at the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts in 1893. Stylistically, he combines elements of the Düsseldorf School and Impressionism.
- (German) Vezin, Frederik. In: Ulrich Thieme, Felix Becker (editors): Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Band 34, E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1940, S. 318.
- Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf und Galerie Paffrath: Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule. Vol.3, Bruckmann, Munich 1998 ISBN 978-3-7654-3010-7
- Hermann Vezin: from In the days of my Youth. Containing the Autobiographies of Thirty-Four well-known Men and Women of today. Introduction by T. O'Connor. C. Arthur Pearson, London 1901 (Online)
- Friedrich von Boetticher: Malwerke des 19. Jahrhunderts. II. Band, 2. Hälfte. 1901
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