Frederick W. A. G. Haultain
Sir Frederick W. A. G. Haultain
|1st Premier of the Northwest Territories|
October 7, 1897 – September 1, 1905
|Lieutenant Governor||Charles H. Mackintosh|
Malcolm Colin Cameron
Amédée E. Forget
|Preceded by||office created|
|Succeeded by||George Braden|
|Chairman of the Executive Committee|
November 7, 1891 – August 1, 1892
|Lieutenant Governor||Joseph Royal|
Charles H. Mackintosh
|Preceded by||Robert Brett|
|Succeeded by||Hugh Cayley|
December 1, 1892 – October 7, 1897
|Lieutenant Governor||Charles H. Mackintosh|
|Preceded by||Hugh Cayley|
|Succeeded by||himself as Premier of the Northwest Territories|
|MLA for Macleod|
September 5, 1887 – September 1, 1905
|Preceded by||Richard Henry Boyle|
|Succeeded by||District abolished|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan for Lumsden|
December 13, 1905 – July 11, 1912
|Succeeded by||Joseph Glenn|
|Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal|
|Preceded by||E. L. Wetmore|
|Succeeded by||William F. A. Turgeon|
|1st Leader of the Opposition of Saskatchewan|
March 29, 1906 – June 15, 1912
|Succeeded by||Wellington Willoughby|
|Born||November 25, 1857|
|Died||January 30, 1942 (aged 84)|
|Resting place||Memorial Gates (University of Saskatchewan)|
|Spouse(s)||Marion St Clair Castellain née Mackintosh|
|Education||University of Toronto|
Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain (November 25, 1857 – January 30, 1942) was a lawyer and a long-serving Canadian politician and judge. His career in provincial and territorial legislatures stretched into four decades. He served as the first premier of the Northwest Territories from 1897 to 1905 as is recognized as having a significant contribution towards the creation of the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. From 1905 on he served as Leader of the Official Opposition in Saskatchewan as well as Leader of the Provincial Rights Party. His legislative career ended when he was appointed to the judiciary in 1912.
He was born in Woolwich, England in 1857, the son of Frederick W. Haultain (1821–1882) and Lucinde Helen Gordon (1828–1915), and came to Peterborough, Ontario with his family in 1860. He grew up in Peterborough and Montreal, where he was educated at the High School of Montreal, later receiving a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Toronto. He went on to study law at Osgoode Hall and was called to the bar in Ontario in 1882 and in the North-West Territories in 1884.
Northwest Territories politics
Haultain was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories in a by-election held on September 5, 1887. He defeated Charles Conybeare by a large margin. Haultain would win his next five elections by acclamation.
Haultain was appointed the first Premier of the territories on October 7, 1897.
As premier, Haultain led negotiations for the granting of provincial status. Haultain argued for these territories to be admitted as a single province named Buffalo, and wanted the new province to be governed by non-partisan governments. The federal Liberal government of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, however, fearful of a large conservative province in the west, decided to create two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, in 1905.
Frustrated in negotiations with the federal Liberal government, Haultain became increasingly identified with the Conservative Party and campaigned for it in the 1904 federal election. Laurier's Liberals were re-elected.
Haultain led the Provincial Rights Party in the 1905 Saskatchewan provincial election, which was won by the Liberal Party of Saskatchewan. From 1905 to 1912, Haultain sat in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan as leader of the Opposition.
In 1912, the newly elected Conservative federal government of Sir Robert Borden made Haultain Chief Justice of Saskatchewan's superior court. He was knighted in 1916, and in 1917 was made Chief Justice of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal, a position he held until his retirement in 1938.
- Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 184
- Perry, Craig 2006, pg. 161
- 'HAULTAIN, Frederick William Gordon', in The Canadian Who's Who (1909)
- Perry, Sandra E.; Craig, Jessica J. (2006). The Mantle of Leadership : Premiers of the Northwest Territories and Alberta. Edmonton, Alberta: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. ISBN 0-9689217-2-8.
- "The Honourable Sir Frederick W.A.G. Haultain, 1897-1905". Legislative Assembly of Alberta library. Archived from the original on 2013-04-22. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- "Sir Frederick William Alpin Gordon Haultain". Canadian Confederation, people. Library and Archives Canada. 2005. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
|Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan|
| MLA South Qu'Appelle
Edward Ludlow Wetmore
| Chief Justice of Saskatchewan
William Ferdinand Alphonse Turgeon
Edward L. Wetmore
| Chancellor of the University of Saskatchewan
P. E. MacKenzie