Frederick Walton

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Frederick Walton

Frederick Edward Walton (13 March 1834[1] – 16 May 1928),[2] was an English manufacturer and inventor whose invention of Linoleum in Chiswick[3] was patented in 1863.[4] He also invented Lincrusta in 1877.

Early life[edit]

Walton was born in 1834, near Halifax.

Invention of Linoleum[edit]

In 1860, he established an experimental factory in Chiswick where he worked on oxidisation of linseed oil, fr which he was granted a patent in 1860.[4]. He experimented with the oxidized oil as a replacement for rubber and in 1863 patented this new material.[4] Walton called this new cloth "linoleum".[3] He moved his factory for Staines, and in 1864, formed the Linoleum Manufacturing Company[5] and by 1869 the factory in Staines was exporting to Europe and the United States.[6]

Expansion to America[edit]


Walton obtained further patents for processes related to the production of linoleum. In 1863, he patented a method of passing sheets of coloured linoleum through rollers to emboss a pattern on them. In 1882, he patented machinery to make inlaid mosaic floor coverings. He also invented a number of related products, most notably Lincrusta, an embossed wall-covering base on linoleum, launched in 1877.[3]


Walton died in 1928, aged 94.


In 1867, Walton married Alice Scruby.[7] They had four children:

  • Olive Mary Walton. Born 1871.[8] Author and Photographer. Married Herbert Vivian in 1897.
  • Frederick James Walton, born 1877.[9]
  • Clarice Walton, born 1879.[9]
  • Violet Walton.[10]


  • Company, Frederick Walton and (1881). Lincrusta. The Sunbury wall decoration. LCCN unk82056986.
  • Walton, Frederick (1925). The infancy and development of linoleum floorcloth.


  1. ^ "C&EN Archives". Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  2. ^ Today in Science History. Retrieved 28 February 2014
  3. ^ a b c Jones, M.W. (21 Nov 1918). The history and manufacture of floorcloth and linoleum. Society of Chemical Industry.
  4. ^ a b c "The Floorcloth and Linoleum Industry". Scottish Bankers Magazine. 5. 1913.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Powell, Jane; Linda Svendsen (2003). Linoleum. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 1-58685-303-1.
  7. ^ "Marriages". Morning Post. 22 March 1867.
  8. ^ "Frederick Walton's Household Members", United States Census, 1871; Isleworth; roll 118, page 24,.
  9. ^ a b "Frederick Walton's Household Members", United States Census, 1881; Twickenham; roll 92, page 20,.
  10. ^ "News". Cambrian News. 26 August 1887.

External links[edit]