Frederick William Cumberland
This article's factual accuracy is disputed. (August 2012)
Frederick William Cumberland
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Wemyss Mackenzie Simpson|
|Succeeded by||John Beverley Robinson|
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for Algoma|
September 3, 1867 – December 23, 1874
|Succeeded by||Simon James Dawson|
|Born||10 April 1821|
|Died||5 August 1881 (aged 60)|
|Conservative Party of Ontario|
|Profession||civil engineer, architect|
Frederick William Cumberland (10 April 1821 – 5 August 1881) was a Canadian engineer, architect and politician. He represented the riding of Algoma in the 1st and 2nd Ontario Parliaments, and he served in the House of Commons of Canada from 1871 to 1872.
Life and career
Cumberland was born in London, England, and grew up in Rathmines, Dublin, where his father was employed at Dublin Castle. His mother died there. The family returned to London in the mid-1830s, where he studied at King's College School and apprenticed as a civil engineer. Starting in 1843, he was employed with the engineering department of the British Admiralty, working on the construction of dry docks and fortifications.
In 1845, Cumberland married Wilmot Mary Bramley, whose sisters had married prominent men in the city of Toronto, and he came to that city with his wife in 1847. He worked there as a surveyor and as an engineer for the united counties of York and Peel.
In partnership with architect Thomas Ridout, he designed the Cathedral Church of St. James and School, the York County Court House, and a post office. Later, with William George Storm, Cumberland designed other important public buildings in Toronto.
At the University of Toronto, he designed University College, the Provincial Magnetic Observatory (1853–55) and the Director's Residence (1858; demolished in 1901), as well as major additions and reconstruction of the Centre Block (1856–59) of the Osgoode Hall law courts.
Cumberland designed residences for prominent people living in Toronto. He also designed the Queen Street Wesleyan Chapel (1856), which was demolished c. 1980. He built several public buildings in Hamilton.
During the 1850s, Cumberland became involved in railway management at the Ontario, Simcoe and Huron Railroad Union Company (later the Northern Railway Company), as well as other railway and related companies of the time. From 1868, Cumberland served as a director of the Rama Timber Transport Company. As was common at the time, he used railway money to gain the support of Members of Parliament and to help elect candidates favourable to their cause. After Cumberland's death, the Northern Railway Company was absorbed by the Grand Trunk Railway. He was also director of a number of banks and a member of the Toronto Board of Education.
Cumberland helped establish a new battalion in the local militia during the 1860s. He was a member of the senate of the University of Toronto. He was also a freemason, becoming deputy grand master for the Toronto district. He died in Toronto in 1881.
|Toronto Normal School||1852||Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)||Gothic Revival architecture Romanesque||3||St James Square, bounded by Gerrard, Church, Younge and Gould, Toronto, Ontario|
|Consumers' Gas Building||1852||Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)||Neo-Renaissance Revival||3||Toronto Street, Toronto, Ontario|
|Adelaide Street Court House||1852||Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)||Greek Revival architecture||3||57 Adelaide Street East, Toronto, Ontario|
|Toronto Street Post Office||1853||Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)||Greek Revival architecture||2, 3||10 Toronto Street, Toronto, Ontario|
|Cathedral Church of St. James||1853||Frederick Cumberland and Thomas Ridout (Design)||Gothic Revival architecture||King and Church Streets, Toronto, Ontario|
|Louis B. Stewart Observatory/Toronto Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory||1853–1857||Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm||Gothic Revival architecture||W, 15||12 Hart House Circle - University of Toronto, Kings College Circle, Toronto, Ontario|
|Former Upper Canada College campus (1854); additions to Resident School House, 1856; new Porter's Lodge, Bursar's Office, gates, fences and outbuildings (1857) ||1854-7||Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm||Gothic Revival architecture||King and Simcoe Streets in downtown Toronto|
|University College, University of Toronto||1856–1859||Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm; David Dick (1892)||Norman Romanesque||15||15 King's College Circle, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario|
|University College, University of Toronto, Croft House||1859||Frederick William Cumberland (Design) William George Storm||Norman Romanesque||2||Kings College Circle, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario|
|Chapel of St. James-the-Less, St. James Cemetery (Toronto)||1860||Frederick William Cumberland and William George Storm (Design)||Romanesque||2||Parliament Street, Toronto, Ontario|
- Simmins, Geoffrey (1997). Fred Cumberland: Building the Victorian Dream. University of Toronto Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-8020-0679-0.
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1632 Frederick William Cumberland
- http://www.heritagefdn.on.ca/userfiles/HTML/nts_1_6142_1.html Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine Ontario Heritage Trust Frederic W. Cumberland 1820-1881
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1632 Frederic William Cumberland (architect)
- Armstrong, Frederick H.; Baskerville, Peter (1982). "Cumberland, Frederick William". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. XI (1881–1890) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Frederick William Cumberland – Parliament of Canada biography
- Historic Places in Canada