Fredericksburg Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fredericksburg of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1][2] The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military ranks[edit]

Other[edit]


Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG Ambrose Burnside, Commanding

Chief of Staff: MG John Parke
Chief of Artillery: BG Henry Jackson Hunt
Inspector General: BG Delos B. Sackett

General Headquarters units[edit]

Escort:


Provost Guard: BG Marsena R. Patrick


Volunteer Engineer Brigade: BG Daniel Phineas Woodbury


Artillery Reserve: Ltc William Hays


Unattached Artillery: Maj Thomas S. Trumbull


Right Grand Division[edit]

MG Edwin Vose Sumner

II Corps[edit]

MG Darius N. Couch

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     MG Winfield Scott Hancock

1st Brigade


   BG John C. Caldwell (w)
   Col George W. Von Schack

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas F. Meagher

3rd Brigade


   Col Samuel K. Zook

Artillery

Second Division


     MG Oliver O. Howard

1st Brigade


   BG Alfred Sully

2nd Brigade


   Col Joshua T. Owen

3rd Brigade


   Col Norman J. Hall (w)
   Col William R. Lee

Artillery

Third Division


     MG William H. French

1st Brigade


   BG Nathan Kimball (w)
   Col John S. Mason

  • 14th Indiana: Maj Elijah H. C. Cavins
  • 24th New Jersey: Col William B. Robertson
  • 28th New Jersey: Col Moses N. Wisewell (w), Ltc E. A. L. Roberts
  • 4th Ohio: Col John S. Mason, Ltc James H. Godman (w), Cpt Gordon A. Stewart
  • 8th Ohio: Ltc Franklin Sawyer
  • 7th West Virginia: Col Joseph Snider (w), Ltc Jonathan H. Lockwood
2nd Brigade


   Col Oliver H. Palmer

3rd Brigade


   Col John W. Andrews[4]
   Ltc William Jameson
   Ltc John W. Marshall

Artillery
Corps Artillery Reserve


     Cpt Charles H. Morgan[6]

IX Corps[edit]

BG Orlando B. Willcox

Escort

  • 6th New York Cavalry, Company B: Cpt Hillman A. Hall
  • 6th New York Cavalry, Company C: Cpt William L. Heermance
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG William W. Burns

1st Brigade


   Col Orlando Poe

2nd Brigade


   Col Benjamin C. Christ

3rd Brigade


   Col Daniel Leasure

Artillery[7]
  • Battery D, 1st New York Light: Cpt Thomas W. Osborn
  • Batteries L and M, 3rd United States: Lt Horace J. Hayden

Second Division


     BG Samuel D. Sturgis

1st Brigade
  

BG James Nagle

2nd Brigade
  

BG Edward Ferrero

Artillery

Third Division


     BG George W. Getty

1st Brigade


   Col Rush C. Hawkins

2nd Brigade


   Col Edward Harland

Artillery

Cavalry Division[edit]

BG Alfred Pleasonton

Brigade Regiments
1st Brigade


   BG John F. Farnsworth

2nd Brigade


   Col David M. Gregg[8]
   Col Thomas Devin

Horse Artillery


Center Grand Division[edit]

MG Joseph Hooker

III Corps[edit]

BG George Stoneman

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG David B. Birney

1st Brigade


   BG John C. Robinson

2nd Brigade


   BG J. H. Hobart Ward

3rd Brigade


   BG Hiram G. Berry

Artillery


   Cpt George E. Randolph[9]

Second Division


     BG Daniel Sickles

1st Brigade


   BG Joseph B. Carr

2nd Brigade


   Col George B. Hall

3rd Brigade


   BG Joseph W. Revere

Artillery


   Cpt James E. Smith

Third Division


     BG Amiel W. Whipple

1st Brigade


   BG Abram S. Piatt[10]
   Col Emlen Franklin

2nd Brigade


   Col Samuel S. Carroll

Artillery

V Corps[edit]

MG Daniel Butterfield

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Charles Griffin

1st Brigade


   Col James Barnes

2nd Brigade


   Col Jacob B. Sweitzer

3rd Brigade


   Col T. B. W. Stockton

Artillery[11]
Sharpshooters
  • 1st United States: Ltc Casper Trepp

Second Division


     MG George Sykes

1st Brigade


   Ltc Robert C. Buchanan

2nd Brigade


   Maj George L. Andrews
   Maj Charles S. Lovell

3rd Brigade


   BG Gouverneur K. Warren

Artillery

Third Division


     BG Andrew A. Humphreys

1st Brigade


   BG Erastus B. Tyler

2nd Brigade


   Col Peter H. Allabach

Artillery
Cavalry Brigade


   BG William W. Averell

Artillery


Left Grand Division[edit]

MG William B. Franklin

Escort

I Corps[edit]

MG John F. Reynolds

Escort

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Abner Doubleday

1st Brigade


   Col Walter Phelps, Jr.

2nd Brigade


   Col James Gavin

3rd Brigade


   Col William F. Rogers

4th Brigade


   BG Solomon Meredith
   Col Lysander Cutler

Artillery[14]


   Cpt George A. Gerrish (w)
   Cpt John A. Reynolds

Second Division


     BG John Gibbon (w)
     BG Nelson Taylor

1st Brigade


   Col Adrian R. Root

2nd Brigade


   Col Peter Lyle

3rd Brigade


   BG Nelson Taylor
   Col Samuel H. Leonard

Artillery


   Cpt George F. Leppien

Third Division


     MG George Meade

1st Brigade


   Col William Sinclair (w)
   Col William McCandless

2nd Brigade


   Col Albert L. Magilton

3rd Brigade


   BG Conrad Feger Jackson (k)
   Col Joseph W. Fisher
   Ltc Robert Anderson

Artillery

VI Corps[edit]

MG William F. Smith

Escort

  • 10th New York Cavalry, Company L: Lt George Vanderbilt
  • 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company I: Cpt James Starr
  • 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company K: Cpt Frederick C. Newhall
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG William T. H. Brooks

1st Brigade


   Col Alfred Thomas Torbert

2nd Brigade


   Col Henry L. Cake

3rd Brigade


   BG David Allen Russell

Artillery[15]

Second Division


     BG Albion P. Howe

1st Brigade


   BG Calvin E. Pratt

2nd Brigade


   Col Henry Whiting

3rd Brigade


   BG Francis L. Vinton (w)
   Col Robert F. Taylor
   BG Thomas H. Neill

Artillery

Third Division


     BG John Newton

1st Brigade


   BG John Cochrane

2nd Brigade


   BG Charles Devens

3rd Brigade


   Col Thomas A. Rowley
   BG Frank Wheaton

Artillery
Cavalry Brigade


   BG George D. Bayard (k)
   Col David McM. Gregg

Artillery
  • Battery C, 3rd United States: Cpt Horatio G. Gibson


Reserve Grand Division[edit]

Further information:[16]

XI Corps[edit]

BG Julius Stahel[17]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division[18]


     BG Nathaniel C. McLean

1st Brigade
   Col Leopold Von Gilsa

2nd Brigade[19]


   BG Nathaniel C. McLean

Cavalry Brigade


   Col Luigi Palma Di Cesnola

Artillery


   Cpt William L. De Beck

  • 2nd New York Battery: Cpt Louis Schirmer
  • 13th New York Battery: Cpt Julius Dieckmann
  • 1st Ohio, Company K: Cpt William L. De Beck

Second Division[20]


     BG Adolph Von Steinwehr[21]

1st Brigade


   Col Adolphus Buschbeck

2nd Brigade


   Col Orland Smith

Artillery


  

Third Division[22]


     BG Carl Schurz

1st Brigade


   Col Alexander Schimmelfennig

2nd Brigade[23]


   Col Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski

Unattached

XII Corps[edit]

MG Henry Warner Slocum

Escort

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division


     BG Alpheus S. Williams

1st Brigade
   Col Joseph F. Knipe

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas L. Kane

3rd Brigade


   BG John K. Murphy

Artillery[24]


   Cpt Robert H. Fitzugh

  • 1st New York, Battery K: Ltc E. L. Bailey
  • 1st New York, Battery M: Ltc C. E. Winegar
  • 4th United States, Battery F: Ltc E. D. Muhlenberg
Cavalry

Second Division


     BG John W. Geary

1st Brigade


   BG Charles Candy

2nd Brigade


   Col Joseph M. Sudsburg

3rd Brigade


   BG George S. Greene

Artillery


   Maj L. Kieffer

  • 6th Maine Battery: Lt Edwin B. Dow
  • Pennsylvania Battery E: Cpt J. M. Knap
  • Pennsylvania Battery F: Cpt R. B. Hampton
Cavalry


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXI, Part 1, pages 48-61
  2. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  3. ^ Temporarily attached to Second Brigade.
  4. ^ Disabled.
  5. ^ Transferred from Second Brigade, December 13.
  6. ^ Chief of the corps artillery.
  7. ^ Captain John Edwards,jr.,chief of the corps artillery.
  8. ^ Succeeded BG Bayard in command of the Cavalry Brigade, Left Grand Division.
  9. ^ Captain La Rhett L. Livingston, chief of the corps artillery.
  10. ^ Disabled December 13.
  11. ^ Captain Stephen H. Weed,chief of the corps artillery.
  12. ^ Chief of artillery, Second Division.
  13. ^ Chief of artillery, Third Division.
  14. ^ Colonel Charles S. Wainwright, chief of the corps artillery.
  15. ^ Captain Romeyn B. Ayres, chief of the corps artillery.
  16. ^ Reserve Grand Division not engaged.
  17. ^ XI Corps: Headquarters Stafford Court-House, Va.
  18. ^ Headquarters Stafford Court-House, Va.
  19. ^ December 10-16, marched from Chantilly to Falmouth; December 17, marched to Stafford Court-House.
  20. ^ Headquarters at Falmouth, Va., December 10-14, marched from Germantown to Stafford Court-House.
  21. ^ One copy of the monthly return reports Col A. Buschbeck as commanding.
  22. ^ Headquarters at Stafford Court-House.
  23. ^ December 10-14, marched from Centreville to Stafford Court-House.
  24. ^ Cpt Clermont L. Best, chief of corps artillery.


References[edit]