Frederiksted, U.S. Virgin Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Frederiksted)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Town of Frederiksted
Along Company Street In Downtown Frederiksted
Along Company Street In Downtown Frederiksted
Nickname(s): 
Freedom City
Town of Frederiksted is located in Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands
Town of Frederiksted
Town of Frederiksted
Coordinates: 17°42′42″N 64°52′55″W / 17.71167°N 64.88194°W / 17.71167; -64.88194Coordinates: 17°42′42″N 64°52′55″W / 17.71167°N 64.88194°W / 17.71167; -64.88194
Sovereign state United States
Territory United States Virgin Islands
IslandSaint Croix
ZIP code
00840, 00841
Area code(s)340

Frederiksted is both the town and one of the two administrative districts of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. It is a grid-planned city, designed by surveyor Jens Beckfor, originally to 14x14 blocks but built 7x7 to enhance the island commerce in the 1700s. Frederiksted has fewer than 1,000 people in the town proper, but nearly 10,000 in the greater western side of the island. Christiansted (mid-island on the north) is about 30 years older but commerce was limited by its natural, shallow protective reef. Frederiksted was built in the leeward side of the island (shadow of the wind) for calm seas and a naturally deep port. It is home to Fort Frederik, constructed to protect the town from pirate raids and attacks from rival imperialist nations and named after Frederick V of Denmark, who purchased the Danish West Indies in 1754.

Frederiksted is often referred to as "Freedom City" by locals. This nickname has to do with the fact that the town was the site of the emancipation of slaves in the then-Danish West Indies. On July 3, 1848, freed slave and skilled craftsman Moses Gottlieb, who also was known as "General Buddhoe," led the uprising, organized slaves on St. Croix's West End plantations, and marched on the town of Frederiksted. The emancipation of slaves was proclaimed on July 3, 1848, at Fort Frederik on the waterfront at the northern edge of Frederiksted by Governor-General Peter von Scholten.

Frederiksted is home to one of two deep water ports on St. Croix and is the sole port for cruise ships visiting the island. Passengers disembark at the Frederiksted Pier, where they may explore the town, enjoy the beaches, rent a car, or catch a waiting taxi that will take them to other points of interest across St. Croix. The other deep water port is located at the South Port which includes the tank farm of the former Hovensa oil refinery as well as Renaissance Industrial Park.

The territory's legislature is also located in Frederiksted.[1][2] There are also several government offices that occupy historic buildings.

Briefly in the early 2000s, Frederiksted was a port for Seaborne Airlines seaplanes, which are based in the town of Christiansted.[3] Seaplane service ended after less than one year of service due to a tropical storm damaging the port facility.

History[edit]

Fort Frederik

The town was destroyed by a labor revolt (known as "The Fireburn" because arson was utilized as a means of revolt) in October 1878, which was led by four Crucian female laborers. Frederiksted was later restored during the Victorian era, as reflected in the town's architecture.

Modern Frederiksted operates at a slower pace than Christiansted, except for carnival in January and whenever cruise ships dock in Frederiksted's deepwater port. In recent years successful redevelopment efforts have begun to restore and revitalize this National Historic Site. The 2000 census population of the town was 732, and that of the larger sub-district was 3,767.[4]

In Media[edit]

Movies[edit]

Tourism promotion video[edit]

Music[edit]

Renovation and Revitalisation[edit]

Several companies[8] have participated in drafting plans to refurbish and enhance the greater Frederiksted area. Coastal Systems[9] was retained by the Public Finance Authority to develop concepts for a waterfront park, beach, cruise pier, and other site improvements. Teams of land planners, engineers, and landscape architects met with local interest groups to develop conceptual plans for the redevelopment of the area. Environmental regulatory surveys and permits were managed by the Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Agency of the USVI. Phase I of the project was completed, which consisted of the reconstruction of the waterfront park while maintaining the historical facade representative of St. Croix's heritage. Natural stonework was used throughout the project site in accordance with the local architectural style, enhancing the authenticity of the arrival experience.[10]

Phase II of the project, contemplated for the future, will involve the reconstruction of the community waterfront north of the fort and include the recreation of breakwaters, the reconstruction of Paul E. Joseph Stadium, and the restoration of the beach, restroom facilities, retaining pond, utilities, parking areas, and soccer fields.

Volunteers, Community, and Art[edit]

Volunteer-ism is a big part of Frederiksted. Clean Sweep Frederiksted[11][12] engages volunteers in community clean ups, mural and garden projects among opportunities.[13] They also worked with the Artists Guild of St. Croix to install dozens of painted rum barrels as community trash bins.[14] The Artists Guild of St. Croix[15] has installed several murals,[16] paintings, and sponsors scholarships. Delta Dorsch who was born in Frederiksted, wrote two books The Role of the Storyteller in the Preservation of Virgin Islands Culture (1999) and contributed to The Glory Days of Frederiksted (2004) about cultural aspects of the community.[17]

Climate[edit]

Frederiksted has a tropical climate with warm weather year-round.

Water temperatures of 78-79'F in winter and ~85'F in September. The waters are typically very calm as Frederiksted is in the leeward side (shadow of the island's wind) with ~12 inch tide.

The sunrise varies from 5:30 a.m. in summer and 7:00 a.m. in winter. Sunset varies between 5:40 p.m. in winter and 7:10 p.m. in summer. St. Croix does not use the daylight saving time. The ultraviolet index or UV index varies from 10+ UV index in the summer and a maximum of 7 UV index in winter.

Persistent 19-knot (35 km/h; 22 mph) Easterly trade winds, moving from east to west across the island year round create a cool breeze.

Rainforests are located on this western side of St. Croix due to the topography and 1,400 foot peaks and the tradewinds. This rainforest climate is unique to the Frederiksted side of St. Croix.

Climate data for Frederiksted, United States Virgin Islands
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 82
(28)
82
(28)
84
(29)
84
(29)
86
(30)
87
(31)
87
(31)
87
(31)
87
(31)
87
(31)
86
(30)
84
(29)
85
(30)
Average low °F (°C) 69
(21)
69
(21)
69
(21)
71
(22)
73
(23)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
73
(23)
71
(22)
71
(22)
72
(23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.2
(56)
1.9
(48)
1.6
(41)
2.6
(66)
4.0
(100)
2.7
(69)
3.3
(84)
4.3
(110)
5.6
(140)
5.4
(140)
4.5
(110)
3.6
(91)
41.7
(1,060)
Source: Weatherbase[18]

Hurricanes:

  • 1984 Nov. Category 1 Hurricane Klaus (1984) caused severe flooding
  • 1989, Sept. Category 4 Hugo devastated ~85% of St. Croix, destroying the Old Frederiksted Pier
  • 1995, Sept. Category 2 Marilyn caused severe damage to St. Croix, in particular to the Frederiksted side of the island and even more damage to St. Thomas.
  • 1998, Sept. Category 4 Hurricane Georges affected 15% of the island's power grid, wind and wave damage.
  • 1999, Oct. Category 2 Hurricane Jose (1999) minimal damage
  • 1999, Nov. Category 4 Hurricane Lenny passes 21 miles south of St. Croix, 15-20' waves destroyed many beaches dumping 6.5 ft (2 m) of sand onto coastal roads about 100 ft (30 m) inland,[19] wind damage, and flooding/erosion.
  • 2004, Sept. Category 3 Hurricane Jeanne
  • 2008, Oct. Category 1 Hurricane Omar (2008) Nearly the entire island lost power, scores of boats were damaged or destroyed, and an oil spill.
  • 2010, Aug/Sept. Category 4 Hurricane Earl (2010) minimal damage, power outages
  • 2011, Aug. Tropical Storm Hurricane Irene hit St. Croix, damaging beaches
  • 2014, Aug. Category 1 Hurricane Bertha (2014) hit St. Croix as a tropical storm, damaging beaches
  • 2017, Sept. Category 5 Hurricane Irma passed ~100 miles north of St. Croix with local winds near 100 mph removing small branches and leaves.
  • 2017, Sept. Category 5 Hurricane Maria passed ~10 miles south of St. Croix.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature". Facebook.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2015-05-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ USA Today website
  6. ^ "Dreams of Gold: The Mel Fisher Story". IMDb.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Pressure - Virgin Islands Nice - Official Music Video". YouTube. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2015-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Construction, Design-Build, Value Engineering, Turnkey Project Implementation - Coastal Systems Development, Inc". Coastalsystemsdev.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Frederiksted Economic Revitalization Project, USVI - A Coastal Systems Project". Frederikstedtoday.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  11. ^ "(no title)". Cleansweepfrederiksted.org. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Clean Sweep Frederiksted". Facebook.com. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-21. Retrieved 2015-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Roll Out the Barrels". Sleansweepfrederiksted.wordpress.com. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2015-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2015-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Buchanan, Carol (March 28, 2015). "Birthday Party Rededicates Dorsch Cultural Actvities Center". St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands: St. Croix Source. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Frederiksted, U.S. Virgin Islands". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  19. ^ Service, US Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Weather. "San Juan, PR". Srh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 26 August 2018.