Fredon Township, New Jersey

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Fredon Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Fredon
Autumn landscape
Autumn landscape
Map of Fredon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Fredon Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fredon Township, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Fredon Township, New Jersey.
Coordinates: 41°01′29″N 74°49′06″W / 41.024675°N 74.818224°W / 41.024675; -74.818224Coordinates: 41°01′29″N 74°49′06″W / 41.024675°N 74.818224°W / 41.024675; -74.818224[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Incorporated February 24, 1904
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 • Mayor George A. Green, IV (R, term ends December 31, 2017)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerk Joanne Charner[3]
Area[1]
 • Total 17.999 sq mi (46.617 km2)
 • Land 17.720 sq mi (45.896 km2)
 • Water 0.279 sq mi (0.722 km2)  1.55%
Area rank 158th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 830 ft (250 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 3,437
 • Estimate (2016)[10] 3,213
 • Rank 434th of 566 in state
16th of 24 in county[11]
 • Density 194.0/sq mi (74.9/km2)
 • Density rank 507th of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07860 - Newton[12]
Area code(s) 973[13]
FIPS code 3403725140[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882268[1][16]
Website www.twp.fredon.nj.us

Fredon Township (/ˈfrdən/ FREE-dən) is a township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,437,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 577 (+20.2%) from the 2,860 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 97 (+3.5%) from the 2,763 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

In 1800, Isaac V. Coursen named the Stillwater Township area "Coursen's Corners" after establishing a post office in his store, the Coursen House, but changed the name to Fredon Village before his death in 1855.[18] Stillwater Township's Bicentennial Committee obtained information from the Postmaster General which "states that 'Fredon' is derived from the German word 'fredonia,' meaning place of freedom."[19] Fredon Township was incorporated on February 24, 1904, from portions of Andover Township, Green Township, Hampton Township and Stillwater Township.[20]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 17.999 square miles (46.617 km2), including 17.720 square miles (45.896 km2) of land and 0.279 square mile (0.722 km2) of water (1.55%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Hunts Pond, Muckshaw Pond and Stillwater.[21]

Hampton and Stillwater Townships border Fredon on the northwest. It was along this border, through the Paulinskill Valley, that the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway operated from 1872 until 1962, taking agricultural products to New York City. Today the right-of-way has been developed into the Paulinskill Valley Trail, a non-motorized multi-use trail that is part of the Kittatinny Valley State Park.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 457
1920 269 −41.1%
1930 412 53.2%
1940 478 16.0%
1950 584 22.2%
1960 804 37.7%
1970 1,372 70.6%
1980 2,281 66.3%
1990 2,763 21.1%
2000 2,860 3.5%
2010 3,437 20.2%
Est. 2016 3,213 [10][23] −6.5%
Population sources: 1910-1920[24]
1910[25] 1910-1930[26]
1930-1990[27] 2000[28][29] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,437 people, 1,207 households, and 972.8 families residing in the township. The population density was 194.0 per square mile (74.9/km2). There were 1,289 housing units at an average density of 72.7 per square mile (28.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.04% (3,301) White, 0.52% (18) Black or African American, 0.12% (4) Native American, 1.69% (58) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.61% (21) from other races, and 1.02% (35) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% (127) of the population.[7]

There were 1,207 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.9% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 15.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.18.[7]

In the township, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.3 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 97.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $104,074 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,084) and the median family income was $110,000 (+/- $10,332). Males had a median income of $78,000 (+/- $7,722) versus $42,981 (+/- $6,474) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,761 (+/- $4,361). About 0.0% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 2,860 people, 982 households, and 818 families residing in the township. The population density was 161.1 people per square mile (62.2/km²). There were 1,019 housing units at an average density of 57.4 per square mile (22.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.17% White, 0.52% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.17% of the population.[28][29]

There were 982 households out of which 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.5% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.18.[28][29]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the township was $75,710, and the median income for a family was $84,038. Males had a median income of $52,396 versus $34,205 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,430. About 0.7% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Fredon Township is governed under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5][31] At an annual reorganization meeting held during the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2016, members of the Fredon Township Committee are Mayor George A. Green, IV (R, term on township committee ends December 31, 2017; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor John H. Heine (R, term on committee ends 2017; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), John A. W. Richardson Sr. (R, 2018), Keith Smith (R, 2016; appointed to serve an unexpired term until November 2016) and Anthony P. Thonnerieux (R, 2018).[3][32][33][34][35]

In December 2015, the Township Committee appointed Keith Smith to fill the seat expiring in December 2016 that had been held by former mayor Carl F. Lazzaro until he resigned to run for and win a seat as a Sussex County Freeholder; Smith will serve on an interim basis until the November 2016 general election, when voters will select a candidate to serve the balance of the term of office.[36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Fredon Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[8][38][39]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[41] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[42][43]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Parker Space (R, Wantage Township) and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township).[44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[47] As of 2014, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2016),[48] Deputy Director Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015),[49] Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[50] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2016)[51] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[52][47] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott (R, 2016),[54] Sheriff Michael F. Strada (R, 2016)[55] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[56][53] The County Administrator is John Eskilson.[57][58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,394 registered voters in Fredon Township, of which 316 (13.2% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,136 (47.5% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 941 (39.3% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[59] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 69.7% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 93.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[59][60]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,237 votes (65.6% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 610 votes (32.3% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 33 votes (1.7% vs. 2.1%), among the 1,887 ballots cast by the township's 2,478 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.2% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[61] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,269 votes (64.4% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 654 votes (33.2% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 40 votes (2.0% vs. 1.5%), among the 1,970 ballots cast by the township's 2,405 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.9% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[62] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,202 votes (67.5% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 553 votes (31.1% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 21 votes (1.2% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,780 ballots cast by the township's 2,150 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.8% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[63]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 76.9% of the vote (864 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 19.7% (221 votes), and other candidates with 3.4% (38 votes), among the 1,138 ballots cast by the township's 2,464 registered voters (15 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 46.2%.[64][65] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 911 votes (67.7% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 297 votes (22.1% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 120 votes (8.9% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 15 votes (1.1% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,346 ballots cast by the township's 2,370 registered voters, yielding a 56.8% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[66]

Education[edit]

Public school students are served by the Fredon Township School District for kindergarten through sixth grade at Fredon Township School. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its one school had an enrollment of 534 students and 23.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 22.8:1.[67] Fredon School was awarded the National Blue Ribbon Award for Academic Excellence in November 2001, the highest level of recognition granted to an American school.[68]

Students in seventh through twelfth grade for public school attend Kittatinny Regional High School located in Hampton Township, which serves students who reside in Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Sandyston Township, Stillwater Township and Walpack Township.[69] The high school is located on a 96-acre (39 ha) campus in Hampton Township, about seven minutes outside of the county seat of Newton. As of the 2014-15 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 1,079 students and 97.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1.[70] Kittatinny Regional High School was recognized as a National Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 1997-98.[68]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 51.38 miles (82.69 km) of roadways, of which 31.94 miles (51.40 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.13 miles (21.13 km) by Sussex County and 6.31 miles (10.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[71]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Fredon Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Directory of Local Officials and Employees - Township Committee, Fredon Township. Accessed August 2, 2016.
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 110.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Fredon, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Fredon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Fredon township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Newton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Fredon, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed February 17, 2015.
  14. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  18. ^ History, Fredon Township. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  19. ^ Wynne, Ann. "Township beset by changing boundaries," New Jersey Sunday Herald Bicentennial Edition, February 8, 1976.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 230. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  21. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 29, 2015.
  22. ^ Paulinskill & Sussex Branch Trails, Liberty Water Gap Trail. Accessed September 8, 2013. "The Paulinskill Valley Trail extends 27 miles from Knowlton in Warren County eastward through Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Stillwater, Fredon, Hampton, and Lafayette, to its eastern terminus at Sparta Junction in Sussex County."
  23. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed September 8, 2013.
  25. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed February 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed February 18, 2013.
  27. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Fredon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Fredon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  30. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Fredon township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  31. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  32. ^ 2016 Municipal Data Sheet, Fredon Township. Accessed August 2, 2016.
  33. ^ Sussex County General Election November 3, 2015 Summary Report Official Results, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 6, 2015. Accessed August 1, 2016.
  34. ^ Sussex County General Election November 4, 2014 Summary Report Official Results, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 10, 2014. Accessed August 1, 2016.
  35. ^ Sussex County General and School Election November 5, 2013 Summary Report Official Results, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 7, 2013. Accessed August 1, 2016.
  36. ^ Comstock, Lori. "Fredon Committee elects chairman, swears in incumbents", New Jersey Herald,January 5, 2016. Accessed August 2, 2016. "Carl Lazzaro gave his farewell speech as the outgoing mayor of Fredon Monday night before the governing body elected Committeeman George Green as the new mayor."It's been my privilege and honor to serve the citizens of Fredon," said Lazzaro, who left the committee to run, successfully, for the Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders.... In addition, Keith Smith, who was appointed in December to fill Lazzaro's one-year unexpired term on the Township Committee, was sworn in with his wife and two daughters nearby."
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  41. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  42. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  43. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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  50. ^ Phillip R. Crabb, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ George Graham, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Gail Phoebus, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ a b Miller, Jennifer Jean. "George Graham Chosen as Freeholder at Sussex County Republican Convention", TheAlternativePress.com, April 13, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013. "Graham will fill the freeholder seat that New Jersey Assemblyman Parker Space left to take his new position. Space recently took the seat, which formerly belonged to Gary Chiusano, who in turn, was appointed to the spot of Sussex County Surrogate, following the retirement of Surrogate Nancy Fitzgibbons."
  54. ^ Home Page, Sussex County Clerk's Office. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ Sheriff's Office, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
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  67. ^ District information for Fredon Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
  68. ^ a b Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education. Accessed February 20, 2013.
  69. ^ Kittatiny Regional School District 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 28, 2016. "Located in beautiful, rural Sussex County in northwest New Jersey, Kittatinny Regional School District serves the five municipalities of Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Sandyston Township, Stillwater Township and the Township of Walpack. The District is comprised of 125 square miles and has a school population of approximately 1100 students."
  70. ^ School data for Kittatinny High School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 12, 2016.
  71. ^ Sussex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  72. ^ Bouchal, Lyndsay Cayetana. "Delicate Steve frontman happy to be home", New Jersey Herald, April 22, 2011. Accessed January 12, 2017. "The Fredon resident began taking private piano lessons as child, but when he was given a toy guitar by his grandmother one Christmas, the young musician quickly switched to guitar.... His first brush with the professional world of music came in 2004 when his high school band was signed by Warner Brothers. Marion was a 2005 Pope John graduate."
  73. ^ via United Press International. "Hero Of Twa Hijacking Wins Medal Derickson Forgives Those Who Said She Aided Terrorists", Orlando Sentinel, October 5, 1985. Accessed April 29, 2015. "Derickson, of Fredon, N.J., is the first woman to receive the medal given by the Legion of Valor, the nation's senior organization of war veterans."
  74. ^ Staff. "Charles J. Flecther: Obituary", New Jersey Herald, April 22, 2011. Accessed April 29, 2015. "Charles J. Fletcher, 88, died Wednesday, April 20, 2011, at Saint Clare's Hospital, in Sussex.... He had resided in Sparta for 37 years before moving to Fredon 13 years ago."

External links[edit]