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Developer(s) Red Hat
Stable release
4.4.1 / 1 September 2016; 8 months ago (2016-09-01)
Written in C[1] and Python[2]
Operating system Linux / Unix
Type Identity management
License GNU General Public License

In computing, FreeIPA – an open-source project sponsored by Red Hat – aims to provide an easily managed Identity, Policy, and Audit (IPA)[3] software suite primarily targeted towards networks of Linux and Unix computers. FreeIPA has goals and mechanisms comparable to those of Novell's Identity Manager or of Microsoft's Active Directory. The Cockpit management console can manage FreeIPA.[4]

As of 2014 FreeIPA uses 389 Directory Server for its LDAP implementation, MIT's Kerberos 5 for authentication and single sign-on, the Apache HTTP Server and Python for the management framework and Web UI, and (optionally) DogTag[5] for the integrated CA, and BIND with a custom plugin for the integrated DNS. Since version 3.0.0, FreeIPA also uses Samba to integrate with Microsoft's Active Directory by way of Cross Forest Trusts.

Each of the major components of FreeIPA operates as a pre-existing Free-Software/Open-Source project, the bundling of these components into a single manageable suite with a comprehensive management interface is GPLv3, but that does not change the licences of the components.

FreeIPA aims to provide support not just for Linux- and Unix-based computers, but ultimately also for Microsoft Windows and Apple OS X computers.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ C Coding Style - Free IPA
  2. ^ Python Coding Style - Free IPA
  3. ^ Negus, Christopher; Foster-Johnson, Eric (2011). Fedora Bible 2011 Edition: Featuring Fedora Linux 14. Indianapolis: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118085738. Retrieved 2016-09-01. The "IPA" part of FreeIPA stands for identity (identifying and authenticating users and machines), policy (settings for access control of applications and machines), and audit (methods for collecting and auditing security events, logs, and user activities). 
  4. ^ "Homepage of Cockpit management console". 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2015-01-20. 
  5. ^ "Home page for the Dogtag Certificate System". 2015-01-20. Retrieved 2015-01-20. 

External links[edit]