Free International University
The Free International University (FIU) for Creativity and Interdisciplinary Research was a support organization founded by the German artist Joseph Beuys together with writer Heinrich Böll, Klaus Staeck (1st chairman), Georg Meistermann (2nd chairman) and Willi Bongard (secretary), Caroline Tisdall and Robert McDowell who wrote the FIU's feasibility report for the EC's Ralph Dahrendorf, and Enrico Wolleb, R.D. Laing, Tapio Varis, Dorothy Walker, Conrad Atkinson, Dr. Rhea Thöngens, and many others, based on principles laid down in a manifesto written by Joseph Beuys and Heinrich Böll and the 1975/6 feasibility study by art critic Caroline Tisdall. It was founded as a "organizational place of research, work, and communication" to ponder the future of society including political-economy. As a free University it was intended to supplement the state educational system with interdisciplinary work and cooperation between the sciences and the arts while at the same time campaigning for legal equality within educational systems.
The FIU was founded on 27 April 1973 in the Düsseldorf studio of Joseph Beuys. Major presentations of FIU occurred in Kassel Documenta (1977 & 1982), London Battersea Arts Centre (1978), Guggenheim Museum Gallery New York (1979), Edinburgh Festival (1974, 1976, 1980), Abruzzo Italy (1984), plus conferences in Erice Sicily (1975), Cambridge (1978), and others.
The Free International University was revisited and taken further by various people and groups, including in Edinburgh (Demarco Foundation and Summerhall), Belfast (Troubled Image Group and Art & Research Exchange), and London by Robert McDowell, Richard Demarco, and Caroline Tisdall, by Renee Block, the author Rainer Rappmann under the FIU-Verlag and the F.I.U.s in Amsterdam, Antwerp, Gelsenkirchen, Hamburg, and Munich, which were begun by students of Beuys. They also include the organization Mehr Demokratie e.V. and the Omnibus for direct Democracy.
- Joseph Beuys; Heinrich Böll (1973). "Manifesto on the foundation of a 'Free International School for Creativity and Interdisciplinary Research'", often referred to as "Manifesto for a Free International University", published in: Christos M. Joachimides and Norman Rosenthal, ed. (1974). Art into Society, Society into Art: Seven German Artists – Albrecht D., Joseph Beuys, K. P. Brehmer, Hans Haacke, Dieter Hacker, Gustav Metzger, Klaus Staeck, and Caroline Tisdall (exhibition catalogue)
|url=(help). Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. pp. 49 ff., reprinted in: Joseph Beuys (1993). Carin Kuoni (ed.). Joseph Beuys in America: Energy Plan for the Western Man, performance and conference in Edinburgh at the Edinburgh Poor House and Demarco Gallery. Four Walls Eight Windows. pp. 149 ff. ISBN 978-1-56858-007-4.
- www.dreigliederung.de (First publication in: Frankfurter Rundschau, 23 December 1978)
- Susanne Anna (Ed.): Joseph Beuys, Düsseldorf, Hatje Cantz, Stadtmuseum Düsseldorf, 29 September to 30. December 2007, Ostfildern 2008, 134
- www.mehr-demokratie.de Archived 2009-06-12 at the Wayback Machine Towards the birth of Mehr Demokratie e.V.
- Susanne Anna (Ed.): Joseph Beuys, Düsseldorf, Hatje Cantz, Stadtmuseum Düsseldorf, 29 September to 30. December 2007, Ostfildern 2008, ISBN 978-3-7757-1992-6
- Michael Ende and Joseph Beuys: Kunst und Politik – Ein Gespräch. FIU-Verlag, Wangen 1989, ISBN 3-928780-48-4
- Flensburger Hefte 24, 1789–1989 Direkte Demokratie. Interviews with Hans Peter Bull (SPD), Heiko Hoffmann (CDU), Gerald Häfner (Grüne), Joseph Beuys and Direkte Demokratie, das Kunstwerk Omnibus für Direkte Demokratie approx. 226 pages, 1989.
- Rainer Rappmann (Ed.): Denker, Künstler, Revolutionäre – Beuys, Dutschke, Schilinski, Schmundt – Vier Leben für Freiheit, Demokratie u. Sozialismus, Wangen 1996, FIU-Verlag, ISBN 3-928780-13-1
- Götz Adriani, Winfried Konnertz and Karin Thomas: Joseph Beuys; New printing, Cologne, DuMont (1994), ISBN 3-7701-3321-8
- "FIU-timeline and further information". Archived from the original on 2011-09-10.
- Josephbeuysraum20.com[permanent dead link] – Photos of students in the class of Beuys from 1961–1978
- F.I.U.-Amsterdam & Free International University World Art Collection
- Freie Kunstschule Hamburg FIU (Free Art School Hamburg FIU)