Free Lossless Image Format

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Free Lossless Image Format
FLIF logo
Filename extension .flif
Internet media type image/flif
Uniform Type Identifier (UTI) public.flif
Magic number FLIF
Initial release 3 October 2015; 2 years ago (2015-10-03)[1]
Latest release
0.3
(28 April 2017; 14 months ago (2017-04-28)[2])
Open format? Yes
Website flif.info

Free Lossless Image Format (FLIF) is a lossless image format (current version FLIF16 specification) claiming to outperform PNG, lossless WebP, lossless BPG and lossless JPEG 2000 in terms of compression ratio on a variety of inputs.[3]

FLIF supports a form of progressive interlacing (a generalization of the Adam7 algorithm), which means that any partial download of a compressed file can be used as a reasonable lossy encoding of the entire image.

History[edit]

The format was initially announced publicly in September 2015,[4] with the first alpha release occurring about a month later, in October 2015.[1]

The first stable version of FLIF was released in September 2016.[5]

Design[edit]

For compression, FLIF uses MANIAC (Meta-Adaptive Near-zero Integer Arithmetic Coding), a variant of CABAC where the contexts are nodes of decision trees which are dynamically learned at encode time.

FLIF uses the reversible YCoCg color space (unlike Y′CBCR that loses a bit of color information, independently of its use in otherwise lossy JPEG). Not yet implemented are some features,[6] e.g. other "color spaces (CMYK, YCbCr, ...)". The color space conversion is faster, but the overall decoding (and encoding) is still slower than it needs to be, or some of the competition, even with the better color space as that is only a small fraction of the overall process. The format supports an optional alpha channel (RGBA) like PNG (but unlike JPEG); and progressive coding, similar to PNG (unlike it, progressive compression doesn't increase file-size), but as FLIF's algorithm is more complex (and partly, may not have had as much tuning of the implementation yet), it has a higher computational cost; at least lower bandwidth requirements can offset some of that extra time. Without the progressive coding, FLIF is faster, than otherwise.

FLIF has 1 to 16 bits per channel.

FLIF has some parameters, and can result in differently sized images, with tuning, or done by flifcrush tool. All of those images are still lossless. FLYF (for lossY), is also considered, and that would be the file-ending; while both could describe either and ending just used to indicate.[incomprehensible]

Support[edit]

XnView supports FLIF since version 2.36.[7]

ExifTool supports reading and writing metadata in FLIF images since version 10.31.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Release v0.1-alpha". FLIF-hub/FLIF. 2015-10-03. 
  2. ^ "Release v0.3". FLIF-hub/FLIF. 2017-06-07. 
  3. ^ "FLIF is a New Free Lossless Image Format That Raises the Compression Bar". PetaPixel. 2015-10-02. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  4. ^ "Free Lossless Image Format (FLIF)". 2015-09-06. Archived from the original on 2015-09-12. 
  5. ^ "Release v0.2". FLIF-hub/FLIF. 2016-09-22. 
  6. ^ https://github.com/FLIF-hub/FLIF/issues/258
  7. ^ Pierre-Emmanuel Gougelet (2016-11-08). "XnView 2.39". XnView. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  8. ^ Phil Harvey (2016-10-19). "ExifTool Ancient History". ExifTool. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 

External links[edit]