Free dance (figure skating)

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2010 Olympic Gold Medalists Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir performing their free dance in 2012.

The free dance is a segment of an ice dancing competition. It is the second part of the competition to be contested, after the short dance.[1][2]

Structure and content[edit]

In the free dance, teams are free to choose their own rhythms, program themes, and therefore music. Creativity is also strongly encouraged. Since 1998, dancers have been required to include certain elements in their free dances, including step sequences, lifts, dance spins, and multi-rotation turns called twizzles, but still have greater freedom in choreographing their programs than in the short dance segment. Senior level free dances are four minutes long (plus or minus 10 seconds). The exact number and type of elements required has occasionally changed from season to season.


Because of various format and scoring changes, the International Skating Union separates scoring records from before the 2010-11 season from current top scores. The all-time record free dance score is 117.14, set by Tatiana Navka and Roman Kostomarov in 2003.


  1. ^ "2012 Cup of China". International Skating Union. 
  2. ^ "ISU Judging System: Ice Dance". International Skating Union. Archived from the original on 2011-11-25.