Howard University Hospital
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|Howard University Hospital|
|Howard University Healthcare|
|Location||2041 Georgia Ave., NW
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Hospital type||Private, nonprofit|
|Affiliated university||Howard University College of Medicine|
|Emergency department||Level I Trauma Center|
Howard University Hospital, previously known as Freedmen's Hospital, has served the black community in the District of Columbia for over 150 years, having been established in 1862 to cater for the medical needs of the thousands of African Americans who came to Washington during the Civil War, seeking their freedom. The first hospital of its kind to provide medical treatment for former slaves, it later became the major hospital for the area's African-American community. Following the closure of D.C. General Hospital, As of 2016, the hospital has the highest rate of wrongful death lawsuits of any health facility in Washington D.C. over the previous decade.
Howard University Hospital (HUH) is a private, nonprofit institution in Washington, D.C., affiliated with Howard University. HUH is the nation's only teaching hospital on the campus of a historically black university. It offers medical students opportunities to observe and participate in clinical and research work with professionals.
Physicians and other health professionals are engaged weekly in activities and services in the local community, including medical presentations, free health screenings, educational workshops, and health fairs. HUH’s community-based programs include the Diabetes Treatment Center, a facility that service the medical needs of diabetic patients through a multidisciplinary approach to patient care. Specialized services include endocrinology, ophthalmology, podiatry, diabetes education, pharmacy services and nutrition services. Counseling is tailored to the patient's goals, education and lifestyle.
HUH functions as a DC Level 1 Trauma Center under the Division of Trauma and Critical Care. It handles more than 1,300 admissions annually and became the primary trauma center for District residents after the closure of District of Columbia General Hospital.
HUH trauma leadership includes Dr. Edward E. Cornwell, III, a trauma surgeon, author and community activist who has devoted his career to work in urban communities. His work in the operating room and his outreach to Black males has been featured in Black Enterprise magazine and by ABC News. The Division of Trauma is also noted for the high research productivity of its surgeons, with more than 50 trauma articles published in peer-reviewed journals in the past three years.
HUH, along with the Division of Health Sciences and the Howard University Office of University Communications, publishes a quarterly health newsletter called The Check Up.
Freedmen's Hospital and Asylum was first established in 1862 on the grounds of the Camp Barker, 13th and R Streets, NW, and cared for freed, disabled and aged blacks. In 1863, it was placed under the charge of Dr. Alexander Augusta, the first African American to head a hospital. After the Civil War, it became the teaching hospital of Howard University Medical School, established in 1868, while remaining under federal control. In 1881, Charles Burleigh Purvis was appointed by President Chester Arthur to Surgeon-in-Charge at the Freedmen's hospital. Purvis was Surgeon-in-Charge at the Freedmen's Hospital from October 1, 1881 to 1894, and in that role was the first black person to head a hospital under civilian authority.
Early in the 20th century, Congress authorized the construction of a new hospital. It was completed in 1909 on Bryant Street, NW, between 4th and 6th Streets. When Abraham Flexner visited the District of Columbia that year, he was impressed by the new, 278-bed Freedmen's Hospital and thought only Howard University Medical School in the city had a promising future.
In 1967, Freedmen's Hospital was transferred to Howard University and used as a hospital until 1975. The University Hospital is now located in a modern facility at 2041 Georgia Avenue, NW, the former site of Griffith Stadium, the home venue of the Washington Senators and Redskins. The original Freedmen's building on Bryant Street still stands. although it now houses Howard University's John H. Johnson School of Communications. Freedmen's Hall, a permanent museum located at the University Hospital, is devoted to the history of medical education and health care at Howard University.
Anesthesiology - The Department of Anesthesiology provides healthcare services to surgical, obstetric and emergency and pain management patients.
Community Health and Family Medicine - The Department of Community Health and Family Medicine provides comprehensive, family-centered care —from adult medicine to pediatrics.
Dentistry - The Department of Dentistry provides complete specialty services to patients, including comprehensive evaluation and treatment, planning, oral cancer screenings, surgery and more.
Dermatology - The Department of Dermatology offers comprehensive services in treating diseases of skin, hair and nails. It specializes in dermatological diseases of African Americans and other ethnic groups with dark skin.
Emergency Medicine - The Department of Emergency Medicine provides full service emergency care 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It receives more than 60,000 patient visits annually.
Internal Medicine--The Department of Internal Medicine deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases.
Neurology - The Department of Neurology provides neurological care across a wide range of ailments. It focuses on neurological disorders that primarily affect the African-American population and other minorities.
Obstetrics and Gynecology - The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology's mission is to provide competent, state-of-the-art care, which includes prevention, identification and care for the patients at risk and treatment of patients with the ob/gyn condition in question.
Ophthalmology - The Department of Ophthalmology provides comprehensive eye care services at one convenient location to patients of all ages.
Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation - The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation offers a full range of surgical and nonsurgical treatments of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system: bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.
Pathology - The Department of Pathology and its laboratories provide comprehensive clinical services relating to testing and diagnosing various life-threatening diseases, including cancers of the liver, throat, breast, reproductive system, respiratory system and gastrointestinal tract.
Pediatrics and Child Health - The Department of Pediatrics and Child Health provides a wide range of services to children and adolescents, including neonatal and nursery services, preventive medicine through immunizations and certifications for school.
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences - The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences provides state-of-the-art, evidence-based services for the diagnosis and treatment of severely mentally ill patients and those with life issues, treatment of the deaf and mentally challenged and the diagnosis and treatment of addictive disorders. The Mood and Anxiety Behavioral and Neuroscience Center researches ways to prevent post-traumatic stress disorders, treats bipolar illnesses and provides treatment-resistant depression modalities. The Department of Neurology has been distinguished for excellence in the treatment of stroke outcomes, ranking in the top five percentile in the nation.
Radiology - The Department of Radiology provides diagnostic imaging services to patients from newborn to geriatric whether they are inpatient or ambulatory.
Surgery - The Department of Surgery provides the complete range of surgical services, including surgical oncology, cardiovascular surgery, urological surgery, podiatry surgery, vascular and endovascular surgery, trauma surgery and neurosurgery.
The New Freedmen's Clinic - In 2009, Howard University Hospital began offering free medical treatment in a new clinic that is designed to care for low-income, uninsured patients. It is run, staffed and funded by medical students from the College of Medicine. Currently serving adults only, it opens weekly on Mondays from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. Medical students, overseen by attending physicians, treat patients by appointment and those referred by the hospital's Emergency Department as well as a limited number of walk-in patients.
- "Freedmen's Hospital: Exploring Howard University's Roots", NLM In Focus, National Library of Medicine, February 29, 2008.
- "Freedmen's Hospital/Howard University Hospital (1862-- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed". www.blackpast.org. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Cheryl W. Thompson (26 March 2017). "Howard University Hospital shows symptoms of a severe crisis". Washington Post. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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- "America's Leading Doctors". Black Enterprise. p. 7. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- "5 Questions: Edward Cornwell on youth violence". News Center. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
- Howard University Hospital (Fall 2014). "Howard University Health Newsletter". Check Up. XXX.
- "Freedmen's Hospital/Howard University Hospital (1862-- )". Online Encyclopedia of Significant People and Places in African American History. BlackPast.org. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
- "23: Howard University Hospital". Historic Medical Sites in the Washington, DC Area. U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. December 8, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Smith, Jessie Carney (2007). Notable Black American Men Book II. Gale/Cengage Learning.
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- "Pioneers in Academic Surgery". Opening Doors: Contemporary African American Academic Surgeons. U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. September 13, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
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- "Home Page". New Freedmen's Clinic. Howard University. Retrieved 22 May 2017.