Freedom, Idaho and Wyoming

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Freedom, Idaho and Wyoming
Freedom, Idaho and Wyoming is located in Wyoming
Freedom, Idaho and Wyoming
Freedom, Idaho and Wyoming
Location of Freedom in Wyoming with Idaho to the west
Coordinates: 42°58′58″N 111°02′38″W / 42.98278°N 111.04389°W / 42.98278; -111.04389Coordinates: 42°58′58″N 111°02′38″W / 42.98278°N 111.04389°W / 42.98278; -111.04389
CountryUnited States
StatesIdaho and Wyoming
CountiesCaribou (Idaho) and Lincoln (Wyoming)
 • Total4.0 sq mi (10 km2)
 • Land4.0 sq mi (10 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
5,777 ft (1,761 m)
 • Total214
 • Density54/sq mi (21/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
FIPS code56-30115[2]
GNIS feature ID397726[3]

Freedom is an unincorporated community in both northeastern Caribou County, Idaho, and northwestern Lincoln County, Wyoming in the United States; the Wyoming portion of the community is also a census-designated place (CDP). The population was 214 at the 2010 census.


Located on U.S. Route 89 and Idaho State Highway 34, Freedom sits on the Idaho/Wyoming state line. It lies northeast of the city of Soda Springs, the county seat of Caribou County, and north of Kemmerer, the county seat of Lincoln County; the nearest significant community is Afton, Wyoming, approximately 20 miles (30 km) to the south, along U.S. Route 89.[4] Its elevation is 5,777 feet (1,761 m), and it is located at 42°58′58″N 111°2′38″W / 42.98278°N 111.04389°W / 42.98278; -111.04389 (42.9826991, -111.0438243).[5] Although Freedom is unincorporated, its Wyoming side has a post office, with the ZIP code of 83120.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), all of it land.[7]


Freedom was established in 1879, and today it remains the oldest settlement in the Star Valley. Similar to Colorado City, Arizona and Hildale, Utah, the community was settled as a border town by Mormon polygamists in order to escape arrest for polygamy: they could be free from Idaho police simply by walking into Wyoming. The community was named for the freedom it gave these early settlers.[8]

At one time, Freedom was the largest settlement in Star Valley. There was a general store, a gas station, billiard hall, and other establishments. Today some of the old buildings still stand, but very few are still in use. The Post Office and Baseball Park are still used, along with the LDS Church, which was built in 1889. Freedom is also the home of Freedom Arms, a gun factory and maker of a .454 Casull handgun.[9]


The population of the ZCTA for ZIP Code 83120 was 471 at the 2000 census, with a racial makeup of 98.5% White, and 1.5% some other race.[10]

Notable residents[edit]

Randall Luthi, the former Speaker of the Wyoming House of Representatives resides in Freedom.

Rulon Gardner, born and raised in Star Valley. Rulon is a Gold Medal winning Greco-Roman wrestler (2000—Sydney Olympics) and bronze Medal winner in the (2004—Athens Olympic games.) He is the great-great-grandson of Archibald Gardner; (September 2, 1814 – February 8, 1902.) Archibald was a 19th-century pioneer and businessman who helped establish communities in Alvinston, Ontario, Canada; West Jordan, Utah; and Star Valley, Wyoming based on flour mills and lumber mills. After 1858 he was a leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in a position that was held for 32 years.

As a businessman, millwright and practical engineer, Archibald Gardner built 36 gristmills and lumber mills, 23 in Utah, six in Canada, five in Wyoming, and two in Idaho. He also built hundreds of miles of canals, and many bridges in Utah.

Archibald Gardner's life is memorialized by a plaque in Alvinston, Archibald's Restaurant, a restored gristmill in West Jordan at Gardner Village, a plaque on 400 S 200 E, Spanish Fork UT for the first grist mill in town in 1858, and a monument in Afton ... The site where Archibald built his original flour mill in West Jordan, UT is now known as Gardner Village and features a collection of other early pioneer homes that now house shops and a restaurant dedicated to him called Archibald's Restaurant.

Olympic Greco-Roman wrestling gold medalist Rulon Gardner is the great-great-grandson of Archibald Gardner.


  1. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Rand McNally. The Road Atlas '08. Chicago: Rand McNally, 2008, pp. 31, 116.
  5. ^ Geographic Names Information System Feature Detail Report, Geographic Names Information System, 1979-06-21. Accessed 2008-05-04.
  6. ^ Zip Code Lookup
  7. ^ "2010 Wyoming Place Names". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  8. ^ Freedom, Wyoming
  9. ^ "Freedom Arms". Company Website. Freedom Arms. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  10. ^ US Census Bureau