Freedom Front Plus
|Freedom Front Plus|
|Founded||1 March 1994|
|Headquarters||Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa|
|National affiliation||Collective for Democracy|
|International affiliation||Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization|
|Colours||Green and Dark orange|
|National Assembly seats|
|Politics of South Africa
The Freedom Front Plus (FF+; Afrikaans: Vryheidsfront Plus, VF+) is a national South African political party that was formed (as the Freedom Front) in 1994. It is led by Dr. Pieter Mulder. Current policy positions include amending affirmative action and land reform to protect the interests of white South Africans and Coloureds.
The Freedom Front was founded on 1 March 1994 by members of the Afrikaner community under Constand Viljoen. Viljoen registered the Freedom Front with the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) on 4 March 1994 to take part in the April 1994 general elections. (This date has also been given as 7 March.) On 12 March 1994 Viljoen handed in a list of candidates for the FF to the IEC, confirming that his party would take part in the elections.
In the election, under the leadership of General Viljoen, the Freedom Front received 2.2% of the national vote (with 424,555 votes cast) and nine seats in the National Assembly. The party performed especially well in the northern parts of the country, earning 4-6% of the votes in the Northern Cape, Free State, North West, Gauteng and Mpumalanga. In the 1999 election their support dropped to 0.8% (127,217 votes cast) with three seats in the National Assembly and between 1-2% in their stronghold provinces. In 2001, Viljoen handed over the leadership of the Freedom Front to Dr. Pieter Mulder.
In 2003, shortly before the 2004 general election, the Conservative Party, the Afrikaner Eenheids Beweging and the Freedom Front decided to contest the election as a single entity under the name Freedom Front Plus (FF+), led by Dr. Mulder. Later, also the Federal Alliance joined the VF+/FF+.
In the 2004 general election, support for the Freedom Front rose slightly to 0.89% (139,465 votes cast). The party won one seat in most of the provincial legislatures, and four seats in the National Assembly.
In the 2006 municipal elections, the Freedom Front Plus received 1% of the popular vote (252,253 votes cast).
In the 2009 general election, the party received 0.83% (146,796 votes cast) and retained its four seats in the National Assembly but losing its seats in the provincial legislatures of North West, Mpumalanga and Northern Cape. The party also enjoyed a landslide win in the Afrikaner enclave Orania. After the elections, the Freedom Front's leader Pieter Mulder was appointed as Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries by the new President Jacob Zuma.
In the 2014 general election, the FF+ increased its vote slightly to 0.9%. It retained its 4 MPs, but also regained a seat in the North West. The party also once again won overwhelmingly in Orania.
|No.||Image||Name||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|1||Constand Viljoen||1 March 1994||26 June 2001||Chief of the South African Army (1976 – 1980)
Chief of the South African Defence Force (1980 – 1985)
|2||Pieter Mulder||26 June 2001||Incumbent||Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2009–2014)|
|Election||Eastern Cape||Free State||Gauteng||Kwazulu-Natal||Limpopo||Mpumalanga||North-West||Northern Cape||Western Cape|
- Boer Republics
- Whites in South Africa
- Home Rule
- Ethnic nationalism
- Orania, Northern Cape
- FF+ to target DA’s Afrikaner voting base
- "Freedom Front Policy". Freedom Front. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
- "Orania votes for FF+". IOL. 23 April 2009.
- "2014 National and Provincial Elections Results - 2014 National and Provincial Election Results". IEC. Retrieved 11 May 2014.