Freedom Party of South Tyrol
It was launched in 1988 as the continuation of the Party of Independents by Gerold Meraner. In the 1988 provincial election FPS took 1.4% and got Meraner elected to the Provincial Council. The party was soon merged with the South Tyrolean Homeland Federation of Eva Klotz and conservative splinters from the South Tyrolean People's Party led by Alfons Benedikter to form the Union for South Tyrol.
In December 1992 a group of dissidents from the South Tyrolean People's Party led by Christian Waldner founded Die Freiheitlichen. They were joined by some former members of the FPS around Martin Wenter who left the Union for South Tyrol after internal conflicts in 1993. Gerold Meraner later identified Die Freiheitlichen as the legitimate heir of the FPS.
- Pallaver, Günther (2008). Jens Woelk; Francesco Palermo; Joseph Marko, eds. South Tyrol's Consociational Democracy: Between Political Claim and Social Reality. Tolerance Through Law: Self Governance and Group Rights In South Tyrol. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 309. ISBN 978-90-04-16302-7.
- Pallaver, Günther (2007), "Südtirols politische Parteien 1945-2005" (PDF), Die Region Trentino-Südtirol im 20. Jahrhundert — 1: Politik und Institutionen (in German), p. 613–614
or Pallaver, Günther (2007), "I partiti politici in Alto Adige dal 1945 al 2005" (PDF), La Regione Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol nel XX secolo — I: Politica e Istituzioni (in Italian), p. 583–584
- https://web.archive.org/web/20080509191227/http://www.consiglio-bz.org/it/archivio_storico.htm. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Missing or empty
- Angerer, Oswald (2000), Die Freiheitlichen Südtirols: Entstehung, Programm, Organisationsstruktur, Akzeptanz; unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Zusammenarbeit mit der Freiheitlichen Partei Österreichs und ihres Standpunktes in der Südtirol-Frage (Diplom thesis) (in German), University of Innsbruck, p. 39