Freedom Plaza

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Freedom Plaza's inlaid stone surface depicts parts of Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's plan for the City of Washington, including the Federal Triangle, the United States Capitol, the White House and part of the National Mall, as well as the plan's legends. View from the 12th floor of the Clock Tower on the Old Post Office building, looking northwest along Pennsylvania Avenue. (2005)

Freedom Plaza, originally known as Western Plaza, is an open plaza in Northwest Washington, D.C., United States, located near 14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, adjacent to Pershing Park. The plaza features an inlay that partially depicts Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's plan for the City of Washington. The National Park Service administers the Plaza as part of its Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site and coordinates the Plaza's activities.[1]

The John A. Wilson Building, the seat of the District of Columbia government, faces the plaza, as does the historic National Theatre, which has been visited by every U.S. president since it opened in 1835.[2][3] Three large hotels are to the north and west. The Old Post Office building, which houses the Trump International Hotel, is to the southeast.[4]

Features[edit]

The Plaza is a modification of an original design by architect Robert Venturi that the United States Commission of Fine Arts approved.[2][3][5][6][7] The Plaza, which is composed mostly of stone, is inlaid with a partial depiction of Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's plan for the City of Washington.[5] Most of the plaza is raised above street level.[5] The eastern end of the plaza contains an equestrian statue of Kazimierz Pułaski that had been installed at its site in 1910 (see: General Casimer Pulaski statue).[5]

The surface of the raised portion of the Plaza, consisting of dark and light marble, delineates L’Enfant's plan.[5] Brass outlines mark the sites of the White House and the Capitol.[5] Quotes about the city from its visitors and residents are carved into the marble surface.[5] Granite retaining walls, marked at intervals by planted urns, edge the plaza.[5] A granite-walled fountain flows in the western portion of the plaza.[5]

Flagpoles flying flags of the District of Columbia and the United States rise from the plaza opposite the entrance of the District Building.[5] The Plaza also contains a metallic plaque containing the Great Seal of the United States,[8] followed by an inscription describing the history and usage of the seal (See: Freedom Plaza Plaque). The Plaza is one block south of the "Freedom Plaza" historical marker at stop number W.7 of the Civil War to Civil Rights Downtown Heritage Trail at 13th and E Streets, NW.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation constructed "Western Plaza", which was dedicated on November 1, 1980 (see: History of Pennsylvania Avenue).[5] The plaza was renamed in 1988 to "Freedom Plaza" in honor of Martin Luther King Jr., who worked on his "I Have a Dream" speech in the nearby Willard Hotel.[2][5][6] During that year, a time capsule containing a Bible, a robe, and other King relics was planted at the site.[5][9] The capsule will be reopened in 2088.[9]

Uses[edit]

Freedom Plaza is a popular place for political protests and civic events.[10][11] In 2011, the Plaza was one of the sites of an "Occupy DC" protest.[12] On July 17, 2020, the Plaza hosted two living statues that mocked President Donald Trump. The Trump Statue Initiative installed the live display, which a violinist accompanied, around 9:30 a.m. The display was gone by the afternoon.[13]

During the morning of November 14, 2020, thousands of President Trump's supporters gathered in and around Freedom Plaza for a series of demonstrations associated with the "Million MAGA March". Various groups including Women for America First and March for Trump organized the event to protest the results of the November 3 presidential election.[14] Counter-protesters later confronted the demonstrators, leading to violence during the evening.[15] A December 12 pro-Trump demonstration in and near the Plaza later also resulted in nighttime counter-protests, violence and arrests.[16]

The Plaza is a popular location for skateboarding, although this activity is illegal and has resulted in police actions.[17][18][19] Skateboarding has damaged sculpture, stonework, walls, benches, steps and other surfaces in some areas of the Plaza.[18][19] Skateboarding presents a persistent law enforcement and management challenge, as popular websites advertise the Plaza's attractiveness for the activity.[19] Further, vandals have removed "No Skateboarding" signs.[19]

The Plaza is one of the settings in Dan Brown's 2009 novel The Lost Symbol.[20]

Assessment[edit]

The American Planning Association noted in 2014 that Freedom Plaza is a popular location for political protests and other events.[10] However, a reporter for the Washington Business Journal stated "but that does not mean the concrete expanse across from the John A. Wilson Building was well planned".[10] Many observers consider the site a "failure."[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What does this park contain?". Frequently Asked Questions: Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site: District of Columbia. National Park Service: United States Department of the Interior. Archived from the original on February 6, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017..
  2. ^ a b c d Miller, Richard E. (April 14, 2009). "Freedom Plaza: Civil War to Civil Rights: Downtown Heritage Trail marker". Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on October 18, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2011..
  3. ^ a b c Busch, Richard T.; Smith, Kathryn Schneider. "W.7: Freedom Plaza: 13th and E Sts NW". Civil War to Civil Rights Downtown Heritage Trail. Washington, D.C.: Cultural Tourism DC. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 27, 2017..
  4. ^ Coordinates of Old Post Office building: 38°53′39″N 77°1′39″W / 38.89417°N 77.02750°W / 38.89417; -77.02750
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Robinson, Judith H.; Cantrell, Sophie; Kerr, Tim (Robinson and Associates, Washington, D.C.) (August 23, 2004). "Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site" (PDF). United States Department of the Interior: National Park Service: National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Continuation Sheet: Section 7. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of the Interior: National Park Service. p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2021..
  6. ^ a b Cooper, Rachel (2017). "Freedom Plaza in Washington, DC". About.com: About Travel: Washington, DC: Sports & Recreation: Parks and Recreation: DC Parks. About, Inc. Archived from the original on January 26, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  7. ^ Miller, Richard E. (April 13, 2009). "Western Plaza, Pennsylvania Avenue (Freedom Plaza) Marker". Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on October 19, 2011. Retrieved March 21, 2011.
  8. ^ "Photo: Great Seal of the United States found in Freedom Plaza [front]". The Keys to The Lost Symbol: Photo Gallery. WikiFoundry. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  9. ^ a b Contrera, Jessica (October 3, 2014). "Under Freedom Plaza (Pennsylvania Avenue between 13 and 14th Streets NW)". There are time capsules buried all over D.C. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. In 1988, Western Plaza became Freedom Plaza in memory of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s 1963 “I Have A Dream” speech. Fittingly, a time capsule in his memory was buried underneath it. When it is opened in 2088, historians will find King’s bible, a robe he wore to preach in and audio recordings of some of his speeches.
  10. ^ a b c Neibauer, Michael (October 1, 2014). "Pennsylvania Avenue Is A 'Great Street' Indeed, and In Need". Washington Business Journal. p. 2. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2017. Yes, Freedom Plaza "remains a popular location for political protests and other events," as the association describes it, but that does not mean the concrete expanse across from the John A. Wilson Building was well planned.
  11. ^ (1) "Freedom Plaza". DowntownDC Business Improvement District. Archived from the original on January 5, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017. Built in 1980, the Western Plaza was subsequently renamed Freedom Plaza in 1988, in honor of Martin Luther King Jr. who had developed his "I have a dream speech" in close proximity to this space. Freedom Plaza remains a popular space for political protests and civic events in Washington DC.
    (2) "Freedom Plaza Schedule and Tickets". Freedom Plaza Washington DC. Eventful, Inc. Archived from the original on March 30, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
    (3) "Emancipation Day Concert". About.travel: DC Emancipation Day 2017 Events. Archived from the original on March 27, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2017. Emancipation Day Concert - April 8, 2017, 2:45-9 p.m. Freedom Plaza, Washington DC. The star-studded DC Emancipation Day concert honors this special day. No tickets are needed for this event.
  12. ^ Gowen, Annie (October 6, 2011). "'Occupy DC' protesters rally in Freedom Plaza". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  13. ^ (1) Beaujon, Andrew (July 17, 2020). "Living Statues That Mocked Trump Appeared Near the White House Today". Washingtonian. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
    (2) Diaz, Ann-Christine (July 20, 2020). "'King of the Super Bowl' Bryan Buckley trolls Trump with living statues in D.C." Creativity. Ad Age. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  14. ^ Pusatory, Matt (November 14, 2020). "President Trump visits supporters at Freedom Plaza ahead of Million MAGA March". WUSA9. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  15. ^ (1) Merchant, Zach; Pusatory, Matt; Valerio, Mike (November 15, 2020). "Counter-protesters, pro-Trump supporters gather in DC after Million MAGA March earlier on Saturday". WUSA9. Archived from the original on November 16, 2020. Retrieved November 16, 2020..
    (2) Lang, Marissa J.; Miller, Michael E.; Jamison, Peter; Moyer, Justin Wm; Williams, Clarence; Hermann, Peter; Kunkle, Fredrick; Cox, John Woodrow (November 15, 2020). "After thousands of Trump supporters rally in D.C., violence erupts when night falls". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on March 15, 2021. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  16. ^ Davies, Emily; Weiner, Rachel; Williams, Clarence; Lang, Marissa J.; Contrera, Jessica (December 12, 2020). "Multiple people stabbed after thousands gather for pro-Trump demonstrations in Washington". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on December 12, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  17. ^ (1) Giambrone, Andrew (June 21, 2016). "Park Police Disperse Scores of Skaters at Freedom Plaza". Washington City Paper. Archived from the original on June 22, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
    (2) Williamson, Elizabeth (October 11, 2013). "Skateboarders See a (Kick) Flip Side to the Government Closing: With Washington Plazas Empty and Patrols Down, a Banned Sport Is Suddenly On" (video). The Wall Street Journal, U.S. Edition. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017.
  18. ^ a b c Goldchain, Michelle (July 31, 2018). "Why is Pennsylvania Avenue's Freedom Plaza such a failure?". Greater Greater Washington. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved October 30, 2018. One group of people do use Freedom Plaza regularly: skateboarders. The open hardscape and railings of Freedom Plaza make an excellent and popular skate park, though skating there is not actually allowed and Park Police regularly chase skaters from the park.
    Scott Brown said, “They came from all over the country to wreck our plaza, which they nearly did, and all those inscriptions on the floor and everything else, that’s ruined by roller skating.”
  19. ^ a b c d "Skateboarding" (PDF). Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Management Plan: Visitor Information, Education and Enjoyment. Washington, D.C.: National Mall and Memorial Parks: National Park Service: United States Department of the Interior. April 2014. pp. 24–25. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017. Skateboarding damages stonework, walls, steps, and sculpture in some areas and presents a persistent law enforcement and management challenge. Damaged areas include stone facing on memorials, benches, and other surfaces. Moreover, popular websites advertise the attractiveness of these areas for skateboarding, which indicates the large scope of this challenge. .... Actions: .... In park areas replace and maintain “No Skateboarding” signs that have been vandalized.
  20. ^ (1) Ray, Rachel (September 29, 2009). "Dan Brown's The Lost Symbol and Washington DC". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on October 1, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
    (2) "The Lost Symbol". washington.org. Archived from the original on September 13, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°53′45″N 77°1′50.6″W / 38.89583°N 77.030722°W / 38.89583; -77.030722