Freedom Square (Kharkiv)
Upon the Soviet takeover the square was named 'Dzerzhinsky Square' in 1926 after Felix Dzerzhinsky, the founder of the Bolshevik secret police (the Cheka, precursor to the KGB). After the independence of Ukraine it was renamed Freedom Square. During the brief German occupation the name of the square changed twice: in 1942 the square was named German Army Square, and in 1943 Leibstandarte SS Square. A monumental statue of Lenin was erected in 1964 and was torn down by protesters on September 28, 2014.
The main part of the square is bordered to the west by the site of the statue of Lenin, to the east by Sumska street, to the north by the Hotel Kharkiv and to the south by Shevchenko park. It is approximately 690–750 metres (2,260–2,460 feet) long and 96–125 metres (315–410 feet) wide. The area of the complete square is approximately 12 hectares (30 acres). A notable landmark of the square is the Derzhprom building, a prime example of constructivist architecture.
Queen + Paul Rodgers kicked off their Rock the Cosmos Tour at Freedom Square on September 12, 2008 & gathered 350,000 audience members, the show was recorded for a DVD release, entitled Live in Ukraine, which was released on June 15, 2009.
- "Kharkiv through the eyes of Lyudmila Gurchenko". andersval.nl. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "Ukrainians just pulled down a massive Lenin statue. What does that signal for Russia?". Washington Post. September 29, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
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