Freedom from fear
Freedom from fear is listed as a fundamental human right according to The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On January 6, 1941, American president Franklin D. Roosevelt called it one of the "Four Freedoms" at his State of the Union, which was afterwards therefore referred to as the "Four Freedoms Speech."
In his speech Roosevelt formulated freedom from fear as follows: "The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a worldwide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbour—anywhere in the world."
The four freedoms of Roosevelt formed an important pillar of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that were adopted on December 10, 1948, by the United Nations General Assembly. The freedom from fear is mentioned in the preamble of the Declaration.
It is an important concept for Burmese Aung San Suu Kyi, who published a book on it in 1991 with the title Freedom from Fear. In 1999 historian David M. Kennedy published a book called Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945.
- Roosvelt, Franklin Delano (January 6, 1941) The Four Freedoms, American Rhetoric
- Alfredsson, Gudmundur & Asbjørn Eide (1999) The Universal UN Declaration of Human Rights: A Common Standard of Achievement, page 524, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, ISBN 978-9041111685
- United Nations, Universal Declarations of Human Rights