Freedom of the City of London

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Honorary Freedom[edit]

The granting of the Honorary Freedom (or Freedom Honoris Causa) of the City of London is extremely rare and generally awarded today only to Royalty, Heads of State, or figures of genuine global standing. It is the greatest honour that is in the power of the City of London to bestow, and usually takes place in Guildhall in the presence of the Common Council and the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Aldermen, along with invited guests. The most recent recipient after a gap of some eleven years was Archbishop Desmond Tutu, with the ceremony taking place at Mansion House 2013. In 1996 Nelson Mandela, as President of South Africa, received the same honour. The presentation on such occasions is made by the Chamberlain of London, and is often followed by a banquet at Guildhall or Mansion House. Historically, the first personage to be so honoured was William Pitt the Elder in 1757. However, there are also records of the presentation of such in May 1698 to Philemon Philip Carter, son of Nathaniel Carter (goldsmiths) in the "Freedom of the City Admission Papers" 1681-1930. For many years it was the custom to present the Freedom in specially commissioned and unique gold or silver caskets, the design of which was inspired by the background and the achievements of the individual to which it was presented. More normal today would be to present the honour in the form of a scroll in an inscribed box.[citation needed]

The Freedom of the City of London[edit]

Whilst the Honorary Freedom is indeed a recognition of lifetime achievement or high international standing, the Freedom of the City of London is open to a much wider section of society, and include many who have achieved success, recognition or celebrity in their chosen field. Whilst undoubtedly a privilege, strict instructions are given that the Freedom of the City of London should not be presented to others as being an honour or award. The Freedom of the City of London can be gained through membership of a livery company or by direct application supported by a suitably qualified proposer and seconder. About 1800 Freemen are admitted each year by the Clerk to the Chamberlain of the City of London at a simple but formal ceremony at Guildhall to which friends and family can accompany. A certificate is presented which will be framed on request for a small payment.

There is a long-standing tradition of the City admitting women to the Freedom. Although nowadays usually called Freemen as well, the historically correct way of referring to them is: Free Sisters.

The mixed list below contains just some of the names of people who have received the Freedom or Honorary Freedom over the years:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Famous London historian honoured by the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2006-12-14. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  2. ^ a b "Haig and Beatty made freemen of the City of London". ITN Source. 16 June 1919.
  3. ^ "London Honors Gen. Booth" (PDF). The New York Times. 1905-10-27. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  4. ^ See also: Report on Salvation Army website
  5. ^ "London's Freedom Given to Premier". The Toronto World. July 30, 1915. p. 5.
  6. ^ a b "London lionizing Botha" (PDF). The New York Times. 1907-04-17. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  7. ^ "Sir Michael Caine given Freedom of City of London". Evening Standard. 8 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7lQ0wGuC1cY
  9. ^ "Chamberlain gets Freedom of London". The New York Times. 1926-03-26.
  10. ^ "Mr. Chamberlain Honored" (PDF). The New York Times. 1902-02-14. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  11. ^ "World-famous shoe designer receives Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2006-11-15. Archived from the original on 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  12. ^ "Churchill's Title Has Ancient Roots; Includes Right to Enter City Almhouses". The New York Times. 1943-07-01.
  13. ^ a b "Salvation Army Leaders Receive Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). The Salvation Army. 2007-09-13. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  14. ^ "The Chief Justice in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 1876-03-10. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Freedom of the City". City of London. Archived from the original on August 6, 2013.
  16. ^ "The Freedom of the City" (PDF). The New York Times. 1910-12-04. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  17. ^ "Crista Cullen receives Freedom of the City of London". England Hockey. 30 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Agenda item - List of applicants for the Freedom of the City:". democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk. 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  19. ^ http://democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk/documents/s54485/ITEM%206%20-%20FREEDOMS.pdf
  20. ^ Marsh, Steve. "Brian DEAR ... (1962 - 1969)". theyflysohigh.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  21. ^ a b "Honors to Beaconsfield" (PDF). The New York Times. 1878-08-04. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  22. ^ Vincent, Alice (16 April 2013). "Opera singer Placido Domingo to receive freedom of the City of London". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  23. ^ "Eisenhower to get honor". The New York Times. 1945-06-10.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-21. Retrieved 2016-01-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "City of London makes Morgan Freeman a freeman". Mail Online. 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  26. ^ Tolhurst, Alain (16 September 2013). "Geldof given freedom of City of London for charity work and contribution to music". London24. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  27. ^ "Gen. Grant at Guildhall" (PDF). The New York Times. 1877-06-30. Retrieved 2007-11-16.
  28. ^ "London Honors Earl Grey" (PDF). The New York Times. 1912-01-24. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  29. ^ "Last Crown Prince of Austria receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2007-07-11. Archived from the original on 2008-12-08. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  30. ^ Simpson, Colin. "Welcome | The Worshipful Company of Firefighters". www.firefighterscompany.org. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  31. ^ Bonham, Martin (November 2010). "Members News" (PDF). Worshipful Company of Firefighters. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  32. ^ "The Freedom of the City". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  33. ^ "List of Applicants for the Freedom of the City of London". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  34. ^ "Governor of South Australia receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2005-06-24. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  35. ^ "London Honors Kitchener" (PDF). The New York Times. 1898-11-05. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  36. ^ "Kohl to be given honorary freedom of the City of London". BBC news website. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  37. ^ "Who you're saluting: Corporal Joshua Leakey, VC – Armed Forces Day". Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  38. ^ "Leading Finnish cultural figure awarded Freedom of the City" (Press release). City of London. 2007-09-21. Archived from the original on 2010-12-26. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  39. ^ "Damian Lewis awarded freedom of the City of London". BBC News. 20 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  40. ^ "Must win Ireland, says Lloyd George" (PDF). The New York Times. 1917-04-28. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  41. ^ "Ian McKellen given freedom of the City of London - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 2016-01-23.
  42. ^ See: Acceptance Speech Archived 2007-11-09 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ "Cardinal Martino awarded Freedom of the City of London". Independent Catholic News. 6 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  44. ^ "Speech by Lord Milner" (PDF). The New York Times. 1901-07-24. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  45. ^ http://www.academiasanctiambrosii.it (President)
  46. ^ Krieger, Candice (20 December 2007). "Ari Norman designs the ultimate family Chanucah gift". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  47. ^ "Pavarotti receives freedom of the City of London" (Press release). British Red Cross. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
  48. ^ "London People: George Peabody". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  49. ^ "Freedom of London for Col. Roosevelt" (PDF). The New York Times. 1910-03-04. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  50. ^ Rowling, J.K. "J.K. Rowling". TM Warner Bros and J.K. Rowling. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  51. ^ Pimlott Baker, Anne (2004). "Audrey Russell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  52. ^ http://king-kigeli.org/royal-news-and-events/item/42-the-royal-trip-to-the-united-kingdom-of-great-britain-and-northern-ireland-june-28. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  53. ^ http://garypatton.net/scott_family/scott.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  54. ^ "London Honors Gen. Smuts" (PDF). The New York Times. 1917-05-02. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  55. ^ See: Acceptance Speech
  56. ^ "The English Democrats". www.voteenglish.org. Retrieved 2019-05-02.
  57. ^ "London 2012 athlete David Weir given City of London freedom". BBC News. 3 December 2012.
  58. ^ "The city and Sir James Willcocks". The Times (36505). London. 12 July 1901. p. 11.
  59. ^ "President Wilson's Speech At the Guildhall in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 1918-12-29. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  60. ^ "Lord Provost of Glasgow to receive Freedom of City of London" (Press release). City of London. 2007-09-05. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
John Scott England Freedom of the City Admission Papers

Further reading[edit]

  • London's Roll of Fame: Being Complimentary Notes and Addresses from the City of London, on Presentation of the Honorary Freedom of that City, and on Other Occasions, to Royal Personages, Statesmen etc. The City of London Corporation, Benjamin Scott (ed.), 1884