Freedom of the City of London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Freedom of the City of London is a recognition awarded to people who have achieved success, recognition or celebrity in their chosen field. Honorary Freedom of the City of London is a recognition of lifetime achievement or high international standing, and is much rarer than the broader Freedom of the City.

Whilst undoubtedly a privilege, strict instructions are given that the Freedom of the City of London should not be presented to others as being an honour or award. The Freedom of the City of London can be gained through membership of a livery company or by direct application supported by a suitably qualified proposer and seconder. After approval by the Court of Aldermen, Freemen are admitted by the Clerk to the Chamberlain of the City of London during a ceremony at Guildhall. A certificate is presented to the recipient.

There is a long-standing tradition of the City admitting women to the Freedom. Although they are nowadays usually called Freemen as well, the historically correct term is Free Sisters.

Freedom of the City of London is a pre-requisite for standing for election to the Common Council[1] and Court of Aldermen[2] of the City of London, and therefore also required by the Sheriffs and Lord Mayor of the City, as they must first become aldermen.

List of Freemen[edit]

The mixed list below contains just some of the names of people who have received the Freedom or Honorary Freedom over the years. Dates of awards are shown in brackets.

Royal Family members[edit]

Prime ministers of the United Kingdom[edit]

Victoria Cross and George Cross recipients[edit]

Foreign royalty[edit]

Presidents of the United States of America[edit]

International leaders[edit]

Entrepreneurs and academics[edit]

Archbishops of Canterbury, York and London[edit]

Religious leaders[edit]

Diplomats[edit]

Entertainment and the arts[edit]

Historically notable Britons[edit]

Other notable recipients[edit]

Honorary Freedom[edit]

The granting of the Honorary Freedom of the City of London (or Freedom Honoris Causa) is extremely rare and generally awarded today only to royalty, heads of state, or figures of genuine global standing. It is the greatest honour that is in the power of the City of London to bestow, and usually takes place in Guildhall in the presence of the Common Council and the lord mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen, along with invited guests.

The most recent recipient, after a gap of some eleven years, was Archbishop Desmond Tutu, with the ceremony taking place at Mansion House in 2013.[citation needed] In 1996 Nelson Mandela, as President of South Africa, received the same honour. The presentation on such occasions is made by the Chamberlain of London, and is often followed by a banquet at Guildhall or Mansion House. Historically, the first personage to be so honoured was William Pitt the Elder in 1757. However, there are also records of the presentation of such in May 1698 to Philemon Philip Carter, son of Nathaniel Carter (goldsmiths) in the "Freedom of the City Admission Papers" 1681-1930. For many years it was the custom to present the Freedom in specially commissioned and unique gold or silver caskets, the design of which was inspired by the background and the achievements of the individual to which it was presented. More normal today would be to present the honour in the form of a scroll in an inscribed box.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/assets/About-us/common-councilman-qualification-guidance.pdf[bare URL]
  2. ^ https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/assets/About-the-website/alderman-qualification-guidance.pdf[bare URL]
  3. ^ Lord Mountbatten Receives Freedom Of City Of London (1946), retrieved 24 January 2020
  4. ^ Freedom Of London For The Princess (1947), retrieved 24 January 2020
  5. ^ "Princess Elizabeth making a speech at Guildhall when she received the Freedom of the City of London, June 11, 1947". Royal Collection Trust. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  6. ^ Duke Of Edinburgh Receives Freedom Of The City Of London (1948), retrieved 24 January 2020
  7. ^ City Freedom For Queen Mother (1953), retrieved 24 January 2020
  8. ^ Prince Charles Freedom - In Colour - 1971, retrieved 24 January 2020
  9. ^ "- Freedom of London for Princess Anne". www.rct.uk. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Freedom of the City". City of London. Archived from the original on 6 August 2013.
  11. ^ Princess Diana made Freeman of the City of London, retrieved 24 January 2020
  12. ^ "Churchill's Title Has Ancient Roots; Includes Right to Enter City Almhouses". The New York Times. 1 July 1943.
  13. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5NyqtMtBAM[bare URL]
  14. ^ https://www.britishpathe.com/video/city-honours-mr-attlee[bare URL]
  15. ^ Acceptance Speech
  16. ^ a b "Honors to Beaconsfield" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 August 1878. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  17. ^ "Must win Ireland, says Lloyd George" (PDF). The New York Times. 28 April 1917. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  18. ^ "Who you're saluting: Corporal Joshua Leakey, VC – Armed Forces Day". Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  19. ^ http://royalwatcherblog.com/2019/02/16/danish-state-visit-to-britain-2000/[bare URL]
  20. ^ "Last Crown Prince of Austria receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 11 July 2007. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  21. ^ "The royal trip to the UK".[dead link]
  22. ^ "Freedom of London for Col. Roosevelt" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 March 1910. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
  23. ^ https://www.loc.gov/item/2013650932/[bare URL]
  24. ^ "Eisenhower to get honor". The New York Times. 10 June 1945.
  25. ^ Mitchell, Leslie (18 June 1945). "London Welcomes Newest Citizen - Eisenhower Receives Freedom Of The City". YouTube. British Movietone. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  26. ^ "Gen. Grant at Guildhall" (PDF). The New York Times. 30 June 1877. Retrieved 16 November 2007.
  27. ^ "President Wilson's Speech At the Guildhall in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 29 December 1918. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  28. ^ Acceptance Speech Archived 2007-11-09 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "London's Freedom Given to Premier". The Toronto World. 30 July 1915. p. 5.
  30. ^ "London lionizing Botha" (PDF). The New York Times. 17 April 1907. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  31. ^ http://collections.musee-mccord.qc.ca/en/collection/artifacts/1948.9[bare URL]
  32. ^ "Prime Facts 23" (PDF). Museum of Australian Democracy. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  33. ^ "Kohl to be given honorary freedom of the City of London". BBC news website. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  34. ^ migration (29 March 2014). "PM Lee's 'very good day' in London". The Straits Times. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  35. ^ "Reply by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew to the Chamberlain's address at the presentation of the Honorary Freedom of the City, Guildhall, London, 15 JUL 82" (PDF). National Archives of Singapore. 15 July 1982. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  36. ^ https://www.britishpathe.com/video/lester-pearson-honoured[bare URL]
  37. ^ "London Honors Gen. Smuts" (PDF). The New York Times. 2 May 1917. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  38. ^ "Governor of South Australia receives the Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 24 June 2005. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  39. ^ "World-famous shoe designer receives Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 15 November 2006. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  40. ^ "The Freedom of the City". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  41. ^ "List of Applicants for the Freedom of the City of London". City of London. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  42. ^ "Dr. Christopher Moran Freedom of the City of London". Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  43. ^ "London People: George Peabody". Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  44. ^ "Court of Aldermen" (PDF). Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  45. ^ https://www.gettyimages.ca/detail/news-photo/the-archbishop-of-canterbury-dr-robert-runcie-and-his-wife-news-photo/838755400[bare URL]
  46. ^ https://rcdow.org.uk/cardinal/news/freedom-of-the-city-of-london/[bare URL]
  47. ^ "Cardinal Martino Freedom of the City of London". Independent Catholic News. 6 May 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  48. ^ "London Honors Gen. Booth" (PDF). The New York Times. 27 October 1905. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  49. ^ See also: Report on Salvation Army website[permanent dead link]
  50. ^ a b "Salvation Army Leaders Receive Freedom of the City of London" (Press release). The Salvation Army. 13 September 2007. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  51. ^ City of London. "H.E. Lubomir Rehak, The Ambassador of Slovakia Hampstead, London" (PDF). List of Applications for the Freedom. 9.
  52. ^ Lonergan, Aidan. "Outgoing Irish Ambassador Dan Mulhall granted Freedom of the City of London". The Irish Post. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  53. ^ "Arkady Rzegocki". Twitter.
  54. ^ "Sir Michael Caine given Freedom of City of London". Evening Standard. 8 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  55. ^ Wooden Pegg (8 March 2013), Sir Michael Caine Given City Of London Freedom, retrieved 16 July 2019
  56. ^ Vincent, Alice (16 April 2013). "Opera singer Placido Domingo to receive freedom of the City of London". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.
  57. ^ "EELS on Instagram: "HONARY [sic] FREEMAN OF LONDON, SIR MARCUS OLIVER EVERETT. E can now legally bring his flock of sheep across London Bridge and if he commits a…"". Instagram. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ Tolhurst, Alain (16 September 2013). "Geldof given freedom of City of London for charity work and contribution to music". London24. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  60. ^ "Damian Lewis freedom of the City of London". BBC News. 20 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  61. ^ "Ian McKellen given freedom of the City of London". BBC News. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  62. ^ "Pavarotti receives freedom of the City of London" (Press release). British Red Cross. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  63. ^ Rowling, J. K. "J.K. Rowling". TM Warner Bros and J.K. Rowling. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  64. ^ "Q&A session with actor Eddie Redmayne at the Guildhall". City of London School for Girls. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  65. ^ Pimlott Baker, Anne (2004). "Audrey Russell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  66. ^ Glenday, Craig. "Sondheim receives Freedom of the City of London". The Stephen Sondheim Society. The Stephen Sondheim Society. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  67. ^ "Freedom of the City". WebCite. City of London. Archived from the original on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  68. ^ "Happy Days! Henry Winkler gets Freedom of the City of London". itv. 9 January 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  69. ^ a b "Haig and Beatty made freemen of the City of London". ITN Source. 16 June 1919.
  70. ^ "Chamberlain gets Freedom of London". The New York Times. 26 March 1926.
  71. ^ "The Chief Justice in London" (PDF). The New York Times. 10 March 1876. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  72. ^ "London Honors Earl Grey" (PDF). The New York Times. 24 January 1912. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  73. ^ "London Honors Kitchener" (PDF). The New York Times. 5 November 1898. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  74. ^ "Speech by Lord Milner" (PDF). The New York Times. 24 July 1901. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  75. ^ "Coronavirus: Captain Tom Moore Freedom of the City of London". BBC News. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  76. ^ "Scott family".[dead link]
  77. ^ Binfield, Clyde (1994). George Williams in context: A portrait of the Founder of the YMCA. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. p. 20.
  78. ^ "Famous London historian honoured by the City of London" (Press release). City of London. 14 December 2006. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  79. ^ "Mr. Chamberlain Honored" (PDF). The New York Times. 14 February 1902. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  80. ^ "The Freedom of the City" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 December 1910. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  81. ^ "Crista Cullen receives Freedom of the City of London". England Hockey. 30 August 2013. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013.
  82. ^ "Agenda item - List of applicants for the Freedom of the City". democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  83. ^ https://democracy.cityoflondon.gov.uk/documents/s54485/ITEM%206%20-%20FREEDOMS.pdf[bare URL]
  84. ^ https://www.thenational.ae/business/uae-residents-win-freedom-of-the-city-of-london-1.141211?videoId=5766484581001[bare URL]
  85. ^ Marsh, Steve. "Brian DEAR ... (1962 - 1969)". theyflysohigh.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  86. ^ Simpson, Colin. "Welcome | The Worshipful Company of Firefighters". www.firefighterscompany.org. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  87. ^ Bonham, Martin (November 2010). "Members News" (PDF). Worshipful Company of Firefighters. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  88. ^ "Leading Finnish cultural figure Freedom of the City" (Press release). City of London. 21 September 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2007.[dead link]
  89. ^ http://www.academiasanctiambrosii.it[bare URL]
  90. ^ Krieger, Candice (20 December 2007). "Ari Norman designs the ultimate family Chanucah gift". The Jewish Chronicle. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  91. ^ Allderidge, Patricia H. "Dadd, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37337. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  92. ^ Jonathan Andrews (7 November 1997). The History of Bethlem. Routledge. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-415-01773-2. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  93. ^ "The English Democrats". www.voteenglish.org. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  94. ^ "London 2012 athlete David Weir given City of London freedom". BBC News. 3 December 2012.
  95. ^ "The city and Sir James Willcocks". The Times (36505). London. 12 July 1901. p. 11.
  96. ^ "Lord Provost of Glasgow to receive Freedom of City of London" (Press release). City of London. 5 September 2007. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2007.
  97. ^ Mohammed, Syma (9 April 2013). "Polar explorer from Hackney awarded freedom of the city of London for voluntary work". Hackney Gazette. Archived from the original on 26 October 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
John Scott England Freedom of the City Admission Papers

Further reading[edit]

  • London's Roll of Fame: Being Complimentary Notes and Addresses from the City of London, on Presentation of the Honorary Freedom of that City, and on Other Occasions, to Royal Personages, Statesmen etc. The City of London Corporation, Benjamin Scott (ed.), 1884