Freemasonry in Lebanon
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Freemasonry in Lebanon started with the charter of a Lodge by the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1861, and has expanded to include Lodges working in multiple languages (including Arabic, English, and French) and chartered under multiple jurisdictions and streams.
The first regular-recognised Masonic Lodge to be erected in Lebanon was chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland in 1861 and was given the name Palestine Lodge No. 415 and operated in French. This lodge was operating in Beirut but then it became dormant in 1895. Four other Scottish lodges were chartered in Lebanon prior to the First World War. The Grand Orient of France chartered a lodge in 1869, working in Arabic. Two further lodges followed, but none survived the First World War.
Other new lodges formed prior to World War I were a lodge at Beirut under the Ottoman Grand Lodge (later the Grand Lodge of Turkey), and a lodge under the National Grand Lodge of Egypt, erected about 1914. A number of other Egyptian-warranted lodges were chartered thereafter, and after the First World War these were formed into a District Grand Lodge. By the end of World War Two, these lodges were extinct, merged, or had changed jurisdictional authority.
In 2010, the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia chartered their first lodge in Lebanon, Phoenix Lodge No. 1001 in Al Fanar, Lebanon. In 2018, a French speaking lodge under the name of Cadmus Lodge No. 1002 was also charted, bringing the total of number of lodges operating under the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia to two.