Freibergite

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Freibergite
Freibergite.jpg
General
Category Sulfosalt minerals
Formula
(repeating unit)
Cu12Sb4S13
Strunz classification 2.GB.05
Crystal system Cubic
Crystal class Hextetrahedral (43m)
H-M symbol: (4 3m)
Space group I43m
Identification
Formula mass 1,929.46 g/mol
Color Steel gray to black
Crystal habit massive to well formed crystals
Cleavage None
Fracture Uneven
Mohs scale hardness 3½ - 4
Luster Metallic
Streak reddish black
Diaphaneity Opaque

Freibergite is a complex sulfosalt mineral of silver, copper, iron, antimony and arsenic with formula (Ag,Cu,Fe)12(Sb,As)4S13. It has cubic crystals and is formed in hydrothermal deposits. It forms one solid solution series with tetrahedrite and another with argentotennantite. Freibergite is an opaque, metallic steel grey to black and leaves a reddish-black streak. It has a Mohs hardness of 3.5 to 4.0 and a specific gravity of 4.85 - 5. It is typically massive to granular in habit with no cleavage and an irregular fracture.

The mineral was first described in 1853 from an occurrence in the silver mines of the type locality at Freiberg, Saxony.

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