Freiburg (in High German, officially Freiburg an der Elbe; short: Freiburg/Elbe), or Freiborg (in Low Saxon) is a municipality in the district of Stade, Lower Saxony, Germany.
View of the town with Evangelical Lutheran St. Wulphardi Church
Freiburg belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, a territory of imperial immediacy established in 1180. In the mid-16th century Freiburg adopted Lutheranism. During the Leaguist occupation under Johan 't Serclaes, Count of Tilly (1628–1630), Freiburg suffered from attempts of re-Catholisation.
In 1648 the prince-archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the duchy, before France annexed it in 1810. In 1813 the Duchy of Bremen was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which - after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 - incorporated the duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Freiburg, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823.
- ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2013 (Tabelle K1020014)
- ^ Thus Freiburg is differentiated from Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg (officially: Freiburg im Breisgau) and Freiburg, Fribourg, also distinguished as Freiburg im Üechtland.