Fremantle state by-election, 2009
First elected to parliament at the 1990 Fremantle state by-election, McGinty became a minister in the Labor government of Carmen Lawrence in 1991. He held several portfolios until Labor's defeat at the 1993 state election. In Opposition, McGinty succeeded Ian Taylor as Labor leader in 1994, only to be replaced by Geoff Gallop prior to the 1996 state election. After Labor returned to power at the 2001 state election, McGinty again became a minister. Most significantly he served for seven and half years as Attorney-General in the Labor governments of Geoff Gallop and Alan Carpenter.
Following Labor's defeat at the 2008 state election, speculation among media and political commentators was that McGinty, by then almost 60 years of age, would resign his seat before the end of the term. He confirmed that speculation on 3 April 2009.
- Independent - Nik Varga, a real estate agent.
- Citizens Electoral Council - Rob Totten.
- Independent - Jan ter Horst.
- Independent - Carmelo Zagami. Zagami previously stood as the Liberal Party candidate for the federal division of Fremantle at the 2004 federal election.
- Independent - Steve Boni. Boni previously stood as the Labor candidate for the district of Roe at the 2001 state election.
- Family First - Andriette du Plessis. Du Plessis previously stood as the Family First candidate for the federal division of Fremantle at the 2007 federal election.
- Australian Labor Party - Peter Tagliaferri, Mayor of Fremantle. Tagiliaferri previously stood for this seat as an independent candidate at the 1990 Fremantle state by-election.
- Christian Democratic Party - Julie Hollett.
- Independent - Rosemary Anne Lorrimar, a nurse who previously ran for the Christian Democratic Party in Willagee in 2001 state election. She also stood in several elections for the DLP in the 1970s.
- Greens WA - Adele Carles. Carles was also the Greens candidate for Fremantle at the 2008 state election and came close to defeating McGinty.
- Sam Wainwright, standing for the Socialist Alliance, which is not registered as an official party.
The Greens' win in Fremantle was, to that date, only the second time a Green candidate had been elected to a single-member district in any Australian parliament (the first being the federal seat of Cunningham in New South Wales at the 2002 by-election) and was the first time they had outpolled the Labor Party on the primary vote in any Labor-held seat. Carles became the first Green to sit in the Western Australian Legislative Assembly, and with five members in the Parliament as a whole, the Greens achieved official parliamentary party status in Western Australia, giving them access to additional allowances, monies and staff. Carles later quit the party to sit as an independent after the publication of an affair with Liberal treasurer Troy Buswell.
|Fremantle state by-election, 2009|
|Greens WA||Adele Carles||8,722||44.06||+16.50|
|Christian Democrats||Julie Hollett||339||1.71||-0.15|
|Family First||Andriette du Plessis||194||0.98||-0.71|
|Independent||Jan Ter Horst||188||0.95||+0.95|
|Independent||Rosemary Anne Lorrimar||171||0.86||+0.86|
|Total formal votes||19,796||95.71||+1.38|
|Greens WA||Adele Carles||10,664||53.96||+53.96|
|Greens WA gain from Labor||Swing||N/A|
- "2009 Fremantle By Election Key Dates". Western Australian Electoral Commission.
- "McGinty resigns from WA parliament". AAP. 3 April 2009.
- "Speculation Jim McGinty will quit seat". PerthNow. 19 February 2009.[dead link]
- "2009 Fremantle By Election Candidates". Western Australian Electoral Commission.
- Kate Campbell (8 September 2008). "Green gives ‘arrogant’ McGinty a scare and a threat". The West Australian.
- Kerry Smith (4 April 2009). "Socialist to contest Fremantle by-election". Green Left Weekly.
- "Liberals decide not to contest Fremantle by-election". ABC. 9 April 2009.
- Two other members have held state seats while members of the Greens in single-member parliaments—Kris Hanna in Mitchell (South Australia) and Ronan Lee in Indooroopilly (Queensland)—but neither were elected as Greens, and Hanna contested (and won) the following election as an Independent while Lee failed to retain his seat.
- Antony Green (16 May 2009). "2009 Fremantle By-Election". Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
- "WAEC - 2009 Fremantle By-election - Results".