Fremont Bridge (Seattle)

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Fremont Bridge
Fremont Bridge-4.jpg
The Fremont Bridge from the George Washington Memorial Bridge
Coordinates 47°38′51″N 122°21′00″W / 47.6475°N 122.35°W / 47.6475; -122.35Coordinates: 47°38′51″N 122°21′00″W / 47.6475°N 122.35°W / 47.6475; -122.35
CarriesFremont Avenue N
CrossesFremont Cut
LocaleSeattle, Washington
Maintained byWashington State DOT
Characteristics
Designbascule
Total length502 feet (153 m)
Longest span242 feet (74 m)
Clearance below30 feet (9.1 m)
History
OpenedJune 15, 1917
DesignatedDecember 28, 1981[1]
Fremont Bridge
LocationSpans Lake Washington Ship Canal, Seattle, Washington
Coordinates47°38′51″N 122°20′58.8″W / 47.64750°N 122.349667°W / 47.64750; -122.349667Coordinates: 47°38′51″N 122°20′58.8″W / 47.64750°N 122.349667°W / 47.64750; -122.349667
Arealess than one acre
Built1917 (1917)
MPSHistoric Bridges/Tunnels in Washington State TR
NRHP reference #82004234[2]
Added to NRHPJuly 16, 1982
Opening and closing at 10x speed.
The Fremont Bridge at the opening of the Lake Washington Ship Canal, July 4, 1917

The Fremont Bridge is a double-leaf bascule bridge that spans the Fremont Cut in Seattle, Washington. The bridge, which connects Fremont Avenue North and 4th Avenue North, connects the neighborhoods of Fremont and Queen Anne.

The Fremont Bridge was opened on Friday June 15, 1917, at a cost of $410,000.[3] The first traffic over the bridge was to "owl cars", the last run of the trolleys, and then after 5am the same day to all other traffic. The Lake Washington Ship Canal was dedicated on July 4, 1917, which has caused confusion about the opening date, for this bridge crosses the canal. The Fremont Bridge is the first of four city bascules to cross the canal, the others being Ballard Bridge (1917), University Bridge (1919), and Montlake Bridge (1925). The bridge was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982, and is also a designated city landmark, ID #110347.[4]

Due to its low vessel clearance of 30 feet (9.1 m),[5] the Fremont Bridge opens an average of 35 times a day, which makes it the most frequently opened drawbridge in the United States[6] and one of the busiest bascule bridges in the world.[7] Federal law gives marine traffic the right-of-way over vehicular traffic, however the Fremont Bridge is closed to most water traffic during rush hours.[8]

The bridge's blue and orange color was chosen by voters at a 1985 street fair.[9]

In 2006, the Fremont Bridge underwent a $41.9 million restoration project to replace the approaches and maintenance shop, as well as renovation of the mechanical and electrical systems that operate the bascule.[10] The approaches were completed in May 2007[11] and testing lasted through the Spring of 2008.[12] In 2014 the city began repainting the bridge.[13]

The bridge received a permanent art installation in February 2018 as part of an artist residency program coinciding with the centennial of the bridge and two of the ship canal's other bascule bridges. The Fremont Bridge was outfitted with what is to be the first of three dynamic lighting designs. The Ballard Bridge and University Bridge will also receive installations assuming funding can be secured.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Landmarks and Designation". City of Seattle. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  2. ^ National Park Service (July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ Holstine, Craig E. (2005). Spanning Washington : Historic Highway Bridges of the Evergreen State. Washington State University Press. pp. 103–104. ISBN 0-87422-281-8.
  4. ^ Landmarks Alphabetical Listing for F Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Individual Landmarks, Department of Neighborhoods, City of Seattle. Accessed December 28, 2007.
  5. ^ "Bridges and Roadway Structures: Bridge Openings". Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
  6. ^ "Fremont Bridge". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  7. ^ "Bridges and Roadway Structures". City of Seattle. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  8. ^ "Bridges and Roadway Structures: Bridge Openings". Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  9. ^ Broom, Jack (July 5, 2002). "Big for our bridges". The Seattle Times. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  10. ^ "Fremont Bridge will close overnight this week". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. May 13, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  11. ^ "All Lanes Of Fremont Bridge Open". KIRO. May 18, 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  12. ^ "Fremont Bridge Approaches Replacement Project". Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
  13. ^ "Safely Painting the Fremont Bridge". Seattle Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
  14. ^ Lloyd, Sarah Anne (8 February 2018). "Fremont Bridge light show celebrates multi-bridge centennial". Curbed Seattle. Vox Media. Retrieved 28 February 2018.

External links[edit]