French Ensor Chadwick

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French Ensor Chadwick
French Ensor Chadwick (USS New York).jpg
Born(1844-02-28)February 28, 1844
Morgantown, West Virginia
DiedJanuary 27, 1919(1919-01-27) (aged 74)
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchSeal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
RankUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear Admiral
Commands heldOffice of Naval Intelligence
Battles/incidentsAmerican Civil War
Spanish–American War
AwardsSampson Medal
Civil War Campaign Medal
West Indies Campaign Medal
An 1898 battle report from Captain Chadwick, regarding naval operations in support of the Battle of Santiago.

Rear Admiral French Ensor Chadwick USN (February 28, 1844 – January 27, 1919) was a United States Navy officer who became prominent in the naval reform movement of the post-Civil War era. He was particularly noted for his contributions to naval education, and served as President of the Naval War College from 1900–1903.[1]

A native of Morgantown, West Virginia, he attended the United States Naval Academy from 1861 to 1864. During the Civil War years, the Academy was relocated from Annapolis, Maryland to Newport, Rhode Island, due to concerns about secessionist sympathy in Maryland, a border state. In 1881, Lt Commander Chadwick led the investigation into the fog signals at Little Gull Island Light in Long Island Sound after the Galatea ran around in the fog during the evening of May 12, 1881.[2][3]

Major sea commands included the gunboat USS Yorktown, commissioned in 1889. He served in the Spanish–American War, fighting at the Battle of Santiago de Cuba.

As commander of the South Atlantic Squadron he played a major part in the Perdicaris incident of 1904 in Morocco.

He was also a noted historian who wrote several published books, including a noted work on The Causes of the Civil War.


Chadwick was portrayed by Roy Jenson in the 1975 film The Wind and the Lion.



  1. ^ "Naval War College Presidents". Archived from the original on 2010-11-08. Retrieved 2015-08-31.
  2. ^ New York Times, "Don't Believe your Ears", Feb 22, 1891
  3. ^ History of American Steam Navigation, John H. Morrison, W. F. Sametz & CO., New York, 1908, pg 587

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Charles Henry Davis
Head of the Office of Naval Intelligence
(Chief Intelligence Officer)

September 1892 – June 1893
Succeeded by
Frederick Singer
Preceded by
Charles Herbert Stockton
President of the Naval War College
Succeeded by
Charles S. Sperry