French Presidential elections under the Third Republic

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French Presidential elections under the Third Republic involved the election of the President of France by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The President was thus elected by indirect universal suffrage.

Since the Third Republic was a parliamentary system, the President had much fewer powers than under the current Fifth Republic, where the president is elected under universal suffrage. Besides, since the May 16, 1877 crisis, the President was prevented, by custom, to use his right of dissolution of parliament. Thus, no president used it after Mac-Mahon dissolving of 1877.

1875 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta Legitimists 99.74%
  Jules Grévy Left Republican 0.16%

1879 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Jules Grévy Left Republican 78.96%
  Antoine Chanzy Military 13.88%
  Léon Gambetta Left Republican 0.70%
  Paul de Ladmirault Military 0.14%
  Henri d'Orleans, duke of Aumale Orleanist 0.14%
  Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet Military 0.14%

1885 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Jules Grévy Left Republican 54.06%
  Henri Brisson Centrist 8.01%
  Charles de Freycinet Left Republican 1.65%
  Others 3.18%

1887 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Marie François Sadi Carnot Left Republican 72.56%
  Félix Gustave Saussier Military 24.85%
  Others 2.59%

1894 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Jean Casimir-Perier Moderate Republican 53.00%
  Henri Brisson Radical 22.91%
  Charles Dupuy Right 11.40%
  Victor Février Military 6.23%
  François Arago Republican 3.17%
  Others 2.59%

1895 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1 Round 2
  Félix Faure Opportunist Republicans 30.77% 62.92%
  Henri Brisson Centrist 42.62% 41.70%
  Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau Liberal 23.20%
  Others 2.65% 0.17%

1899 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Émile Loubet Left 58.62%
  Jules Méline Left 33.86%
  Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac Centrist 2.79%
  Others 3.28%

1906 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Armand Fallières Democratic Republican Alliance 52.89%
  Paul Doumer Radical Party 43.70%
  Others 3.30%

1913 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Raymond Poincaré Republican Democratic Party 60.38%
  Jules Pams Radical Party 37.00%
  Others 2.13%

January 1920 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Paul Deschanel Republican Democratic Party 82.66%
  Charles Jonnart Republican Democratic Party 7.21%
  Georges Clemenceau Radical Party 5.97%
  Others 1.51%

September 1920 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Alexandre Millerand National Republican League 77.91%
  Gustave Delory Socialist (SFIO) 7.74%
  Others 2.47%

1924 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Gaston Doumergue Radical Party 59.88%
  Paul Painlevé Republican-Socialist Party 35.93%
  Zéphyrin Camélinat Communist Party 2.44%
  Others 0.87%

1931 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1 Round 2
  Paul Doumer Radical Party 49.06% 56.44%
  Pierre Marraud Left 37.40%
  Paul Painlevé Republican-Socialist Party 1.46%
  Aristide Briand Socialist (SFIO) 44.51% 1.34%
  Marcel Cachin Communist 1.11% 1.23%
  Jean Hennessy Republican Federation 1.66%
  Others 3.22% 1.01%

1932 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Albert François Lebrun Democratic Alliance 76.63%
  Paul Faure SFIO 13.80%
  Paul Painlevé Republican-Socialist Party 1.45%
  Marcel Cachin Communist 0.97%
  Others 1.21%

1939 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party Round 1
  Albert Lebrun Democratic Alliance 55.60%
  Albert Bedouce Socialist (SFIO) 16.59%
  Marcel Cachin Communist 8.13%
  Édouard Herriot Radical Party 5.82%
  Justin Godart Democratic Left 5.49%
  Fernand Bouisson Republican-Socialist Party 1.76%
  François Piétri Republican Federation 1.76%
  Others 4.84%

See also[edit]

Presidential elections in the IV Republic

Presidential elections in the V Republic