|Côte Française des Somalis
Dhulka Soomaaliyeed ee Faransiiska
Overseas territory (1946–1967)
La Marseillaise • Djibouti
French Somaliland in 1922
|Languages||French, Somali, Afar, Arabic|
|Historical era||New Imperialism|
|•||Established||May 20, 1896|
|•||Italian invasion||June 18, 1940|
|•||British occupation||December 28, 1942|
|•||Status changed to overseas territory||October 27, 1946|
|•||Renamed||July 5, 1967
|•||1963||23,200 km2 (9,000 sq mi)|
|Density||7/km2 (18/sq mi)|
French Somaliland franc
|Today part of||Djibouti|
Part of a series on the
|History of Djibouti|
|Republic of Djibouti|
French Somaliland (French: Côte française des Somalis, lit. "French Coast of Somalis"; Somali: Dhulka Soomaaliyeed ee Faransiiska) was a French colony in the Horn of Africa. It existed between 1883 and 1967.
It was established between 1883 and 1887, after the ruling Somali and Afar sultans signed the land away in various treaties with the French. The name of French Somaliland , “Cote Francaise des Somalis” is said to have been proposed by Mohamed Haji Dide of the Mahad 'Ase branch of the Gadabuursi. He himself before the arrival of the French was prosperous merchant of Zayla and the sultan. He came on to build the first Mosque in Djibouti "Gami ar-Rahma" in 1891.
Although the population fell after the completion of the line to Dire Dawa and the original company failed and required a government bail-out, the rail link allowed the territory to quickly supersede the caravan-based trade carried on at Zeila (then in the British area of Somaliland) and become the premier port for coffee and other goods leaving southern Ethiopia and the Ogaden through Harar.
The railway continued to operate following the Italian conquest of Ethiopia but, following the tumult of the Second World War, the area became an overseas territory of France in 1946. In 1967, French Somaliland was renamed the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas and, in 1977, it became the independent country of Djibouti.
- List of governors of French Somaliland
- List of French possessions and colonies
- French colonial empire
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Somaliland: French Somaliland". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 383.
- Raph Uwechue, Africa year book and who's who, (Africa Journal Ltd.: 1977), p. 209 ISBN 0903274051.
- A Political Chronology of Africa, (Taylor & Francis: 2001), p. 132 ISBN 1857431162.
- Rayne, Henry a (2015-08-08). Sun, Sand and Somals; Leaves from the Note-Book of a District Commissioner in British Somaliland. BiblioLife. ISBN 9781297569760.
- Farah, Rachad (2013-09-01). Un embajador en el centro de los acontecimientos (in Spanish). Editions L'Harmattan. p. 17. ISBN 9782336321356.
- As indicated in Morin (2005:640) the name of “Cote francaise des Somalis” itself is said to have been proposed by hağği Diideh http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2011/5127/pdf/Yas_Diss_2010.pdf page 92
- " Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jibuti". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 414.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abyssinia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 86.
- " Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zaila". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 950.
- Imbert-Vier, Simon (2008). Frontières et limites à Djibouti durant la période coloniale (1884–1977) (PhD thesis). Université de Provence–Aix-Marseille I.