French toast

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from French Toast)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the food. For the band, see French Toast (band).
French toast
FrenchToast.JPG
French toast served at a restaurant
Serving temperature Hot, with toppings
Main ingredients Bread, eggs
Cookbook: French toast  Media: French toast

French toast, also known as eggy bread,[1] German toast,[2][3] gypsy toast,[4] or Spanish toast,[3] is a dish made of bread soaked in beaten eggs and then fried.

History and names[edit]

The earliest known reference to French toast is in the Apicius, a collection of Latin recipes dating to the 4th or 5th century; the recipe mentions soaking in milk, but not egg, and gives it no special name, just aliter dulcia "another sweet dish".[5]

Under the names suppe dorate, soupys yn dorye, tostées dorées, and payn purdyeu, the dish was widely known in medieval Europe. For example, Martino da Como offers a recipe. French toast was often served with game birds and meats. The word "soup" in these names refers to bread soaked in a liquid, a sop.[6]

A fourteenth-century German recipe attributes the name Arme Ritter ("poor knights"),[7][3] a name also used in the Scandinavian languages. Also in the fourteenth century, Taillevent presented a recipe for "tostées dorées".[8]

There are fifteenth-century English recipes for pain perdu[9] (French for "lost [or wasted] bread", suggesting that the dish is a use for bread which has gone stale).[10][3]

An Austrian and Bavarian term is "pavese", perhaps related to pavise (a kind of wooden shield) or to zuppa pavese, both referring to Pavia, Italy.[citation needed]

Preparation and serving[edit]

French toast topped with fruit, butter and cream, served with maple syrup

Slices of bread are soaked or dipped in a mixture of beaten eggs, often with milk or cream. The slices of egg-coated bread are then fried on both sides until they are browned and cooked through. Day-old bread is often recommended by chefs because the stale bread will soak up more egg mixture without falling apart.[11]

The cooked slices can be covered with sweet toppings such as jam, honey, fruit[12] or maple syrup, or served as a savory dish with ketchup or another sauce.

Variations[edit]

Hong Kong–style French toast served in cha chaan tengs. The toppings include syrup and a slab of butter.

In French speaking regions, French toast is referred to as pain perdu, meaning "lost bread", so called because it is a way to reclaim stale or otherwise "lost" bread. The hard bread is softened by dipping in a mixture of milk and eggs, and then fried. The bread is sliced on a bias and dipped into a mixture of egg, milk, sugar, cinnamon and vanilla. The slices are pan-fried in butter and traditionally dusted with powdered sugar and served with jam or syrup on the side. Pain perdu may be eaten as a dessert, a breakfast, or an afternoon tea snack ("goûter").[13]

Hong Kong–style French toast is listed at number 38 on the World's 50 most delicious foods compiled by CNN Go in 2011.[14] It is made by deep-frying stacked sliced bread dipped in beaten egg or soy, served with a slab of butter and topped with golden syrup, or sometimes honey. Two slices are normally used and a sweet filling is usually added.[15]

Torrija is a similar recipe traditionally prepared in Spain for Lent and Holy Week.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beckett, Fiona (18 September 2010). "Student cookbook: French toast (aka eggy bread)". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Farmer, Fannie Merritt (1918). The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book. Boston: Little, Brown; republished at Bartleby.com, 2000. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Koerner, Brendan. "Is French Toast Really French?". Slate.com. Retrieved 6 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Mille (24 February 2002). "Gypsy Toast". food.com. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  5. ^ Joseph Dommers Vehling, trans., Apicius: Cookery and Dining in Imperial Rome, Book VII, chapter 13, recipe 296 full text at Gutenberg
  6. ^ Odile Redon, et al., The Medieval Kitchen: Recipes from France and Italy, 2000, p. 207f
  7. ^ Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm. Deutsches Wörterbuch, quoting from the Buch von guter Spyse. 
  8. ^ Pichon, Jérôme; Vicaire, Georges (1892). Le Viandier de Guillaume Tirel dit Taillevent. p. 262. 
  9. ^ Austin, T. Two 15th-century Cookery-books, 1888, quoting a 1450 recipe, quoted in the Oxford English Dictionary
  10. ^ Davidson, Alan; Jaine, Tom (2006). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-19-280681-5. 
  11. ^ Alton, Brown. "French Toast-Food Network". 
  12. ^ "French Toast Toppings – Unique French Toast Recipes". Good Housekeeping. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  13. ^ (French) Wikipedia article about the pain perdu
  14. ^ CNN Go World's 50 most delicious foods 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11
  15. ^ "40 Hong Kong foods we can't live without", CNN Go, 13 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-09

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]