French brig Alerte (1787)
|Builder:||Hubert Pennevert, Rochefort dockyard|
|Launched:||20 April 1787|
|Captured:||28 August 1793|
|Acquired:||28 August 1793|
|Fate:||Burnt, 18 December 1793|
|Acquired:||by salvage, 28 December 1793|
|Captured:||17 June 1799|
|Acquired:||17 June 1799|
|Out of service:||April 1802|
|Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Egypt"|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||330 tons (French)|
|Tons burthen:||248 (bm)|
|Beam:||26 ft 7 in (8.1 m)|
|Depth of hold:||10 ft 0 in (3.0 m)|
The French brig Alerte was launched in April 1787. The Royal Navy captured her at Toulon in August 1793, and renamed her HMS Vigilante. The British set her on fire when they evacuated Toulon in December of that year. After the French rebuilt her as Alerte, she served at the Battle of Aboukir Bay. The British recaptured her in June 1799 and took her into service as HMS Minorca. Minorca was sold in 1802.
French brig Alerte (I)
In 1790 she was under the command of Sous-lieutenant de vaisseau D'Aujard in the Levant. In November 1791, still under the command of D'Aujard, she was cruising off the coast of Syria. In 1793 she cruised along the Ligurian coast, escorted a convoy from Villefranche to Toulon, and sailed from Tunis to Marseilles. Between 4 April and 17 May she was under the command of Lieutenant de vaisseau Courdouan; between 17 July and 5 August she was under the command of Lieutenant de vaisseau Marchand.
On 28 August 1793, the British occupied Toulon, where Alerte was among the many vessels they seized. The British renamed her HMS Vigilante, before renaming her back to Alert or Alerte.[Note 1] In September she was under the command of Commander William Edge.
The Siege of Toulon went badly for the Royalist, and Spanish and British forces, and they were forced to quit the city on 18 December. As they did so, they set fire to the "Frigate Alerte", of "16 guns" and "in want of repairs".
French brig Alerte (II)
Alerte burned to her waterline, but the French were able to rebuild her at Toulon during January and February 1794. She was in dry-dock at Venice between June and July 1797.
On 1 August 1798 she was at the battle of Aboukir Bay (Battle of the Nile). Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers hoped to lure the British fleet onto the shoals at Aboukir Island, sending the brigs Alerte and Railleur to act as decoys in the shallow waters, but the plan failed. Then, as the British fleet approached, Brueys sent Alerte ahead, passing close to the leading British ships and then steering sharply to the west over the shoal in the hope that the ships of the line might follow and become grounded. None of Nelson's captains fell for the ruse and the British fleet continued undeterred.
After the French defeat, Alerte left Alexandria in the squadron under Contre-Admiral Jean-Baptiste Perrée, consisting of the 40-gun Junon, 36-gun Alceste, 32-gun Courageuse, 18-gun Salamine, and Alerte. The squadron then carried artillery and munitions from Alexandria to Jaffa, and cruised the coast of Syria. Being almost completely bereft of ammunition, having left most of it at Jaffa, the squadron headed for Europe and then took shelter in Genoa.
On 17 June 1799 the squadron, still under Perrée, while en route from Genoa for Toulon, was south of Toulon when it ran into a British squadron under the command of Captain John Markham of Centaur. In the ensuing Action of 18 June 1799, the British captured the entire French squadron, with Captain capturing the brig Alerte which was under the command of "Dumay, Lieutenant". French records show that she was under the command of lieutenant de vaisseau Demay.
The British took Alerte into service as Minorca. They commissioned her in August 1800 under Commander George Miller. On 26 January Foudroyant was in company with Minorca and Queen Charlotte when she recaptured the Ragusean brig Annonciata, Michele Pepi, master.
Minorca served with the British blockade of Malta. Between 29–31 March Minorca played an important role in the capture of the French ship of the line Guillaume-Tell by sailing to bring up ships of the blockading squadron while the frigate HMS Penelope harried her.
Minorca was among the many ships that shared in the proceeds of the capture of the French frigate Dianne on 25 August. On 16 February 1801 she captured the Turenne, J. Imbert, master, or the Furienne.[Note 2] Turenne or Furienne was a French xebec of six guns and a crew of 38 men. She had 1200 stand of arms on board and had been sailing from Leghorn to Alexandria.
In March Minorca returned to Aboukir Bay. She was part of Admiral Keith's naval force at the British expedition to Egypt. Here she was among the vessels moored as near as possible to the beach, with their broadsides towards it to support the landing of the troops.[Note 3] In 1850 the Admiralty authorized the award of the Naval General Service medal with clasp "Egypt" to all claimants from vessels that had been present between March and September. Minorca was among the vessels listed as qualifying.
Notes, citations, and references
- French sources report that Alerte became Vigilante. British accounts refer to her as HMS Alerte, though the National Maritime Museum has a record of her being commissioned as Vigilante in September 1793.
- The National Maritime Museum database has the captured vessel as the Furieuse.
- A first-class share of the prize money awarded in April 1823 was worth £34 2s 4d; a fifth-class share, that of a seaman, was worth 3s 11½d. The amount was small as the total had to be shared between 79 vessels and the entire army contingent.
- Winfield & Roberts (2015), p. 204.
- "No. 21077". The London Gazette. 15 March 1850. pp. 791–792.
- Winfield (2008), p.285.
- "No. 15162". The London Gazette. 23 July 1799. p. 741.
- Demerliac (1996), p.82, #533.
- Roche (2005), p.17.
- Fonds, Vol. 1, p.27.
- Fonds, Vol. 1, p.55.
- "NMM, vessel ID 378480" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol iv. National Maritime Museum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- "No. 13613". The London Gazette. 17 January 1794. p. 45.
- Clowes (1997 ), Vol. 4, p.359.
- Bradford (1999 ), p.200.
- James (2002 ), Vol.2, p.162.
- Fonds, Vol. 1, p.230.
- "No. 15545". The London Gazette. 28 December 1802. p. 10.
- "No. 15504". The London Gazette. 7 August 1802. p. 834.
- "No. 15614". The London Gazette. 23 August 1803. p. 1105.
- Naval Chronicle, Vol. 6, p.414.
- "NMM, vessel ID 371507" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol ii. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
- James (2002 ), Vol. 3, p.100.
- "No. 17915". The London Gazette. 3 April 1823. p. 633.
- Bradford, Ernle (1999 ). Nelson: The Essential Hero. Wordsworth Military Library. ISBN 1-84022-202-6.
- Clowes, William Laird (1997 ). The Royal Navy, A History from the Earliest Times to 1900, Volume IV. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1-86176-013-2.
- Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA).
- Fonds Marine. Campagnes (opérations ; divisions et stations navales ; missions diverses). Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier : BB4 1 à 209 (1790–1804) 
- Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650–1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
- James, William (2002 ). The Naval History of Great Britain, Volume 2, 1797–1799. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-906-9.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005) Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la Flotte de Guerre Française de Colbert à nos Jours. (Group Retozel-Maury Millau).
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
- Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 – 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042