French brig Friedland (1807)

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Friedland
History
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Friedland
Namesake: Battle of Friedland
Builder: Venice
Laid down: November 1806
Launched: 14 March 1807[1]
Captured: 26 March 1808
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: Delight
Acquired: 26 March 1808 by capture
Fate: Sold 1 September 1814
General characteristics [1][2]
Class and type: Friedland-class
Displacement: 360 tons (French)
Tons burthen: 340 3394 (bm)
Length:
  • 97 ft 6 in (29.7 m) (overall)
  • 76 ft 1 in (23.19 m) (keel)
Beam: 29 ft 0 in (8.8 m)
Draught: 3.50 m (11.5 ft) (unloaded)
Depth of hold: 4.38 m (14.4 ft)
Sail plan: Brig
Complement:
  • French service:112
  • British service:100
Armament:
  • French service: 16 x 12-pounder guns (at capture)
  • British service:14 x 24-pounder carronades + 2 x 6-pounder chase guns

Friedland was the name-ship of her class of French Illyrien or Friedland-class brig. She was built at Venice and launched in June 1807. The Royal Navy captured her a year later and took her into service as HMS Delight. She served in the Mediterranean and was sold in 1814.

Friedland[edit]

Friedland initially bore the name Illyrien, but had her name changed to Vendicare in early 1807.[1] Then she received a second name change, to Friedland, after launch,[1] to commemorate the Emperor Napoleon's victory on 14 June at the battle of Friedland.

Friedland was at Ancona in December 1807, and at Corfu between 1807 and 1808. She is recorded as being at Santa Maria di Leuca in March 1808.[1]

Capture[edit]

On 26 March 1808, Friedland was on her way to Corfu with Commodore Don Amilcar Paolucci, commander in chief of the Italian Marine, and Knight of the Iron Crown,[3] when she encountered two British warships that were part of the British blockade of the island. The 64-gun third rate HMS Standard and the 38-gun frigate HMS Active captured Friedland off Cape Blanco, at the south end of Corfu.[Note 1] Captain Richard Mowbray of Active took possession of Friedland after a chase of several hours. Friedland might have escaped had she not lost her topmast. Her captors described her as one year old, and armed with 16 French 12-pounder guns. Active took her prize to Malta, together with the prisoners, who included her captain, Angelo Thomasi, and Commodore Paolucci.[3]

HMS Delight[edit]

Friedland was commissioned in May as HMS Delight in the Mediterranean under Commander John Brett Purvis.[2]

On 28 November 1808 Delight, Active, the supply ship Woolwich, and the hired armed ship Lord Eldon escorted a convoy of 50 vessels out of Malta, bound for Gibraltar, Lisbon, and London. However, contrary winds forced about 40 merchantmen, and the escorts to return to Malta within two weeks.[4]

Purvis received promotion to post-captain on 16 September 1809.[5] In December Commander Lord David Balgonie took command of Delight.[2] Delight arrived at Portsmouth on 25 July 1810.[2] She apparently remained in service until 1812. Lord Balgonie was promoted to post-captain on 28 February 1812.[6]

Fate[edit]

Delight was in ordinary in 1812, at Chatham, and apparently remained in ordinary until 1814.[7] The Principal Officers and Commissioners of the Navy first offered the "Delight, sloop, of 340 tons", lying at Portsmouth for sale on 9 June 1814.[8] Delight sold there on 1 September for £480.[2]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Although there were almost a dozen capes in the Mediterranean named Cape Blanco, the Cape Blanco in question was the one at 39°28′N 20°6′E / 39.467°N 20.100°E / 39.467; 20.100.

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e Winfield and Roberts (2015), p. 219.
  2. ^ a b c d e Winfield (2008), p.319.
  3. ^ a b "No. 16148". The London Gazette. 24 May 1808. pp. 734–735.
  4. ^ Lloyd's List №4323 - accessed 28 February 2015.
  5. ^ Marshall (1828), Supplement, Part 2, p.49.
  6. ^ Marshall (1829), Supplement, Part 3, p.61.
  7. ^ "NMM, vessel ID 383344" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol ix. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "No. 16901". The London Gazette. 24 May 1814. p. 1088.

References

  • Marshall, John (1823–1835) Royal naval biography, or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 1823, or who have since been promoted ... (London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042

This article includes data released under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported UK: England & Wales Licence, by the National Maritime Museum, as part of the Warship Histories project