French cruiser Jurien de la Gravière

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Jurien de la Gravière
Jurien de la graviere-Marius Bar.jpg
Jurien de la Gravière in 1899
Class overview
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Destrées class
Succeeded by: None
Built: 1897–1903
In commission: 1903–1921
Completed: 1
Retired: 1
History
France
Name: Jurien de la Gravière
Namesake: Pierre Roch Jurien de La Gravière and Edmond Jurien de la Gravière
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 15 November 1897
Launched: 26 June 1899
Commissioned: 1903
Out of service: 27 July 1921
Fate: Sold for scrap, 1922
General characteristics [1]
Type: Protected cruiser
Displacement: 5,600 tonnes (5,512 long tons) standard
Length: 137 m (449 ft 6 in)
Beam: 15 m (49 ft 3 in)
Draught: 6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)
Installed power: 17,400 shp (12,975 kW)
Propulsion: 3 steam engines, 24 boilers, 3 shafts
Speed: 22.9 knots (42.4 km/h; 26.4 mph)
Range: 6,150 nmi (11,390 km; 7,080 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 510
Armament:
Armour:
  • Deck: 35–55 mm (1–2 in) with 55–65 mm (2–3 in) slopes
  • Upper deck: 25 mm (1 in)
  • Conning tower: 100 mm (4 in)
  • Gun shields: 70 mm (3 in)
  • Casemates: 45 mm (2 in)
  • Ammunition tubes: 45 mm (2 in)

Jurien de la Gravière was the last protected cruiser built for the French Navy, named in honour of Edmond Jurien de la Gravière and his father, Pierre Roch Jurien de La Gravière.

Design[edit]

Jurien de la Gravière had a main armament of eight Modèle 1893 164.7 mm guns. Two guns were in shielded centerline mounts fore and aft, and the remaining six were in casemate mounts on the ship's sides. Ten 47 mm 3-pounder and six 37 mm 1-pounder Hotchkiss guns were mounted for defense against torpedo boats. Two submerged 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes were mounted with one each on the port and starboard.[1]

The armored deck was 55 mm (2 in) with 65 mm (3 in) sloped sides amidships over the magazines and machinery spaces, and tapered to 35 mm (1 in) with 55 mm (2 in) slopes fore and aft. Above this was a 25 mm (1 in) upper deck, and between the decks were subdivided compartments containing the ship's coal fuel and food stores.[1]

Service[edit]

Jurien de la Gravière was laid down on 15 November 1897 and launched on 26 July 1899. Sea trials lasted over a year due to construction errors, with the ship not being commissioned until 1903.[1] After her commissioning, Jurien de la Gravière served in the Far East.[2]

She served in the Mediterranean during the First World War, patrolling the Strait of Otranto, repressing insurrections in Crete, and bombarding Turkey. She took part in the blockade of Greece after the Noemvriana events.

In 1920, she occupied the station of Syria, before being replaced by Cassard.

Jurien de la Gravière was decommissioned on 27 July 1921 and was eventually sold for scrap in 1922.[1]

Sources and references[edit]

  • Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, Tome II, 1870–2006, LV Jean-Michel Roche, Imp. Rezotel-Maury Millau, 2005

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gogin, Ivan. "Jurien de la Gravière protected cruiser (1903) – French Navy (France)". Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36764). London. 10 May 1902. p. 8.