French cruiser Jurien de la Gravière
Jurien de la Gravière in 1899
|Preceded by:||Destrées class|
|Name:||Jurien de la Gravière|
|Namesake:||Pierre Roch Jurien de La Gravière and Edmond Jurien de la Gravière|
|Laid down:||15 November 1897|
|Launched:||26 June 1899|
|Out of service:||27 July 1921|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 1922|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||5,600 tonnes (5,512 long tons) standard|
|Length:||137 m (449 ft 6 in)|
|Beam:||15 m (49 ft 3 in)|
|Draught:||6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)|
|Installed power:||17,400 shp (12,975 kW)|
|Propulsion:||3 steam engines, 24 boilers, 3 shafts|
|Speed:||22.9 knots (42.4 km/h; 26.4 mph)|
|Range:||6,150 nmi (11,390 km; 7,080 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
Jurien de la Gravière had a main armament of eight Modèle 1893 164.7 mm guns. Two guns were in shielded centerline mounts fore and aft, and the remaining six were in casemate mounts on the ship's sides. Ten 47 mm 3-pounder and six 37 mm 1-pounder Hotchkiss guns were mounted for defense against torpedo boats. Two submerged 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes were mounted with one each on the port and starboard.
The armored deck was 55 mm (2 in) with 65 mm (3 in) sloped sides amidships over the magazines and machinery spaces, and tapered to 35 mm (1 in) with 55 mm (2 in) slopes fore and aft. Above this was a 25 mm (1 in) upper deck, and between the decks were subdivided compartments containing the ship's coal fuel and food stores.
Jurien de la Gravière was laid down on 15 November 1897 and launched on 26 July 1899. Sea trials lasted over a year due to construction errors, with the ship not being commissioned until 1903. After her commissioning, Jurien de la Gravière served in the Far East.
She served in the Mediterranean during the First World War, patrolling the Strait of Otranto, repressing insurrections in Crete, and bombarding Turkey. She took part in the blockade of Greece after the Noemvriana events.
In 1920, she occupied the station of Syria, before being replaced by Cassard.
Sources and references
- Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, Tome II, 1870–2006, LV Jean-Michel Roche, Imp. Rezotel-Maury Millau, 2005
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36764). London. 10 May 1902. p. 8.