French cruiser Marseillaise (1935)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marseillaise
LaGalissonniere-1.jpg
General layout of a La Galissonnière-class cruiser
History
France
Name: Marseillaise
Namesake: La Marseillaise
Builder: AC Loire, Nantes, France
Laid down: 23 October 1933
Launched: 17 July 1935
Commissioned: 10 October 1937
Fate: Scuttled 1942, Scrapped 1946-1947
General characteristics
Class and type: La Galissonnière-class cruiser
Displacement:
  • 7,600 tons (standard)
  • 9120 tons (full load)
Length: 179 m (587 ft)
Beam: 17.5 m (57 ft)
Draught: 5.35 m (17.6 ft)
Propulsion:
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)
Range:
  • 7,000 nmi (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
  • 6,800 at 14 knots
  • 5,500 at 18 knots
  • 1,650 at 34 knots
Complement: 540
Armament:
  • 9 × 155 mm (6.1 in)/55 guns (3 × 3)
  • 8 × 90 mm (3.5 inch) anti-aircraft (4 × 2)
  • 24 × 40 millimetre (6 × 4)
  • 4 × 550mm (21.7 inch) torpedo tubes (2 × 2)
Armour:
Aircraft carried:

Marseillaise was a French light cruiser of the La Galissonnière class. During the Second World War, she remained with Vichy France.

When commissioned, Marseillaise joined the French Mediterranean Squadron and became the flagship of Contre-Amiral Decoux in 1938. In January 1939 she joined the 3rd Cruiser Division at Casablanca, and she was at Toulon when war was declared, as flagship of the 4th Squadron, part of Force Z.

Marseillaise participated in the transport of gold to Canada in April 1940.

Concerns regarding Italian intentions prompted reorganisation of French naval forces. The 3rd Cruiser Division was sent to Bizerte as part of the Force de Raid, to protect French interests in North Africa, should Italy enter the war.

After the French surrender, on 4 July 1940, she returned to Toulon. As a result of the British attack on Mers-el-Kebir, the Germans suspended the disarming of the French fleet and Marseillaise became part of the newly formed High Seas force.

In the scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon, the ship was sabotaged by her crew and set on fire. The captain of Marseillaise was anxious that the Germans should not capture the ship. He ordered scuttling charges to be set and the sea valves opened only on one side, ignoring orders to sink his ship on an even keel. German commandos arrived at the gangplank but were refused permission to go aboard. They did not force the issue and stood on the dock and watched the ship slowly capsize. The last officers abandoned ship as explosions ripped the vessel apart and fires took hold. The ship's officers were taken prisoner, and the ship burned for seven days.

The burnt-out hulk of Marseillaise was scrapped in 1946-1947.

External links[edit]