A French curve is a template usually made from metal, wood or plastic composed of many different curves. It is used in manual drafting to draw smooth curves of varying radii. The shapes are segments of the Euler spiral or clothoid curve. The curve is placed on the drawing material, and a pencil, knife or other implement is traced around its curves to produce the desired result.
As modern computer-aided design (CAD) systems use vector-based graphics to achieve a precise radius, mechanical templates (and most mechanical drawing techniques) have become obsolete. Digital computers can also be used to generate a set of coordinates that accurately describe an arbitrary curve, and the points can be connected with line segments to approximate the curve with a high degree of accuracy. Some computer-graphics systems make use of Bézier curves, which allow a curve to be bent in real time on a display screen to follow a set of coordinates, much in the way a French curve would be placed on a set of three or four points on paper.
- Flat spline – A long flexible batten used to produce a fair curve through a set of points
- Lesbian rule – A flexible strip of lead that could be bent to the curves of a molding, and used to measure or reproduce irregular curves
- Ruler – An instrument used to measure distances or to rule straight lines
- Technical drawing tool – Tools and instruments used for accurate and precise manual draughting