French fluyt Étoile (1767)
|Builder:||Nantes shipyard |
|Laid down:||1759 |
|Acquired:||4 August 1762 |
|In service:||August 1762 |
|Out of service:||1780 |
|Class and type:||Fluyt used as storeship|
|Length:||33.8 m (111 ft)|
|Beam:||9.1 m (30 ft)|
|Capacity:||8 officers and 108 men|
Étoile ("Star") was a fluyt of the French Navy. She was originally a merchantman named Placelière and was purchased by the Navy while still on the stocks. She was renamed Étoile in April 1763 and re-classed as a corvette. She is famous for being one of Louis Antoine de Bougainville's ships in his circumnavigation between 1766 and 1769, along with Boudeuse.
Étoile was originally built between 1759 and 1762 as a fluyt named Placelière and was purchased while still on the stocks for King Louis XIV's Navy on 4 August 1762. She was pierced for 20 guns.
Étoile sailed to Rochefort on 22 December 1763. 
On 15 November 1766, Étoile departed Saint-Malo, along with Boudeuse, for an exploration voyage under Bougainville. She was under Chenard de la Giraudais, and was the storeship of the expedition. She carried naturalist and physician Philibert Commerçon, astronomer Pierre-Antoine Veron, and Jeanne Baré, who was recognised as the first woman to have completed a voyage of circumnavigation. During much of the voyage, Baré was disguised as a man.
On 1 January 1773, Denis de Keredern de Trobriand was given command of Étoile in Lorient. Between 1773 and 1777, she sailed to China and in the Indian Ocean. In 1775, she was in Borneo, where Trobriand was offered two islands for France, the largest one being Lemukutan. Étoile surveilled the South-Western coast of Borneo.  During the voyage, Étoile received orders to mount a punitive expedition against Pangaram Serip, King of Koti, at the mouth of the Mahakam River, in retaliation for the massacre of the crew of the merchantman Épreuve. Étoile attacked the port held by Pangaram Serip, along with the frigate Indiscrète, under Boucault, and Badine, under Le Veyer de Beuzidou, destroying or capturing 31 ships, and killin around 300 people.
Notes, citations, and references
- Demerliac, Alain (1996). La Marine de Louis XVI: Nomenclature des Navires Français de 1774 à 1792 (in French). Éditions Ancre. ISBN 9782906381230. OCLC 468324725.
- Dunmore, John (2002). Monsieur Baret: First Woman Around the World. Heritage Press. ISBN 0-908708-54-8. OCLC 936276913.
- Ridley, Glynis (2010). The Discovery of Jeanne Baret. Crown Publisher New York. ISBN 0-307-46352-4. OCLC 1123839539.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours. 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. (1671-1870)
- Rouxel, Jean-Christophe. "Jean François DENIS de KEREDERN de TROBRIAND". Retrieved 24 May 2020.
- Archives nationales (2011). "Fonds Marine, sous-série B/4: Campagnes, 1571-1785" (PDF). Retrieved 29 April 2020.
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