French frigate Justice (1794)

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Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Justice
Builder: Brest
Laid down: December 1793
Launched: August 1794
In service: December 1794
Out of service: 27 September 1801
General characteristics
Class and type: Virginie class frigate
Displacement: 720 tonnes
Length: 47.4 m (156 ft)
Beam: 11.9 m (39 ft)
Draught: 5.5 m (18 ft)
Armament: 44 guns
Armour: Timber

Courageuse was a 40-gun Virginie-class frigate of the French Navy, completed in 1794 and renamed Justice in April 1795. The British and Ottomans captured her in 1801 at the siege of Alexandria and she became a prize to the Ottomans.

Career[edit]

She took part in the Expedition to Egypt. After the frigate Junon ran aground in Aboukir, Justice escorted her to Alexandria for repairs. She took part in the Battle of the Nile, managing to escape to Malta with the frigate Diane, and arrived at Valletta on 28 August 1798.

In 1800, she escaped to Toulon just before the fall of Malta. From there, she acted as a blockade runner for the benefit of the French army in Egypt.

Fate[edit]

She was in Alexandria when the British captured Alexandria on 2 September 1801. The British and their Ottoman allies agreed to a division of the spoils; the British received Égyptienne (50) and Régénérée (40), and the ex-Venetian frigate Léoben (26) (ex-Venetian Medusa) (26), while Captain Pacha (sic) received Causse (ex-Venetian Vulcano) (64), Justice (46), Mantoue (ex-Venetian Cerere) (26), and the ex-ottoman corvettes Halil Bey, Momgo Balerie and Salâbetnümâ.[1] Admiral Lord Keith commander of the naval forces, gave the value of Justice for prize money purposes at £17,095 2s 2d.[2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15426. p. 1354. 10 November 1801.
  2. ^ Lloyd (1950), Vol. 2, pp.358-9.

References[edit]

  • Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
  • Lloyd, Christopher (ed.) (1950) The Keith Papers.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.