French government of the Hundred Days

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French government of the Hundred Days
of France
Ernest Meissonier - Napoleon I in 1814 cropped.JPG
Date formed 20 March 1815
Date dissolved 22 June 1815
People and organisations
Head of government Napoleon
Head of state Napoleon
History
Previous Government of the first Bourbon restoration
Successor French Executive Commission of 1815

The French government of the Hundred Days replaced the Government of the first Bourbon restoration that had been formed by King Louis XVIII of France. It was announced on 20 March 1815 by Napoleon. After the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, the government was replaced on 23 June 1815 by the Executive Commission of 1815.

Formation[edit]

Napoleon left his exile on Elba and landed on the mainland near Cannes on 1 March 1815.[1] He traveled north, with supporters flocking to his cause.[2] On 16 March 1815 Louis XVIII addressed a meeting of both chambers, appealing to them to defend the constitutional charter.[3] On the night of 19–20 March the king left his palace for Ghent in Belgium. Napoleon entered Paris on 20 March.[4] He announced his ministers that day.[5]

Ministers[edit]

The ministers were:[5]

Events[edit]

On 22 April 1815 the emperor announced changes to the constitution that defined the roles of the two chambers and of the ministers.[6] On 1 June 1815 a major ceremony was held on the Champ de Mars in which the Emperor's authority was formally recognized.[7] On 12 June 1815 Napoleon left Paris for the north, where the allied forces of Britain and Prussia were assembling. He was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815.[8] Napoleon abdicated for the second time on 22 June 1815.[9] That day the two chambers nominated the members of the French Provisional Government of 1815, which would serve as government until the second Bourbon Restoration.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 95.
  2. ^ Muel 1891, p. 96.
  3. ^ Muel 1891, p. 98.
  4. ^ Muel 1891, p. 99.
  5. ^ a b Muel 1891, p. 100.
  6. ^ Muel 1891, p. 101.
  7. ^ Muel 1891, p. 102-103.
  8. ^ Muel 1891, p. 104-105.
  9. ^ Muel 1891, p. 112.
  10. ^ Muel 1891, p. 114.

Sources[edit]