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French leave

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Article from the December 29, 1825 edition of the National Gazette and Literary Register published in Philadelphia reporting that Missouri Senator "Col. Palmer (Martin Parmer) is said to have taken French leave and gone to Texas".

A French leave, sometimes French exit, Irish goodbye or Irish exit, is a departure from a location or event without informing others or without seeking approval.[1] Examples include relatively innocuous acts such as leaving a party without bidding farewell in order to avoid disturbing or upsetting the host, or more problematic acts such as a soldier leaving his post without authorization.[2]

The first attestation of the phrase in the Oxford English Dictionary is from 1751, a time when the English and French cultures were heavily interlinked.

In French, the equivalent phrase is filer à l'anglaise ("to leave English style")[3] and seems to date from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.[4]

First usage


The Oxford English Dictionary records: "the custom (in the 18th century prevalent in France and sometimes imitated in England) of going away from a reception, etc. without taking leave of the host or hostess. Hence, jocularly, to take French leave is to go away, or do anything, without permission or notice."

James Boswell's journal for November 15, 1762 mentions his friend not seeing him off on his leaving Scotland "... as Cairnie told me that people never took leave in France, I made the thing sit pretty easy."[5]

In Canada and the United States, the expression Irish goodbye is also used.[6]

Military usage


The term is sometimes used to mean the act of leisurely absence from a military unit.[7] This comes from the rich history of Franco-English conflict; as Spain has a similar saying concerning the French (despedida a la francesa), it may have come from the Napoleonic campaign in the Iberian Peninsula which pitted the French against an Anglo-Portuguese and Spanish alliance.


  1. ^ Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (Millennium Edition; London: Cassell, 1999)
  2. ^ Parkinson, Judy (2000). From Hue & Cry to Humble Pie. Michael O'Mara Books. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-7607-3581-7.
  3. ^ Anu Garg's A.Word.A.Day, September 8, 2008. http://wordsmith.org/words/chinese_puzzle.html
  4. ^ "Filer à l'anglaise". Francparler. Retrieved September 7, 2012.
  5. ^ Pottle, Frederick A., ed. (1950). Boswell's London Journal. McGraw-Hill. p. 40. ISBN 0-07-006603-5.
  6. ^ Seth Stevenson (3 July 2013). "Don't say goodbye". Slate.com.
  7. ^ For the usage, see for example the war memoirs of Commandant Ludwig Krause 1899–1900, Cape Town 1996, p. 65.