French legislative election, 1877

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French legislative election, 1877
French Third Republic
← 1876 14–28 October 1877 1881 →

All 521 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Die Gartenlaube (1878) b 009.jpg Julesferry.jpg Rouher, Eugène, par Plock.JPG
Leader Léon Gambetta Jules Ferry Eugène Rouher
Party Republican Union Republican Left Bonapartist
Leader's seat Paris Vosges Puy-de-Dôme
Seats won 130 130 104
Seat change Increase 32 Decrease 63 Increase 28
Percentage 24.95% 24.95% 19.96%
Swing Increase 6.56% Decrease 11.26% Increase 5.70%

France Chambre des deputes 1877.png
Composition of the Chamber of Deputies

Prime Minister before election

Duc de Broglie

Elected Prime Minister

Gaëtan de Rochebouët

The 1877 general election to the Chamber of Deputies of the Third Republic was held on 14 and 28 October 1877, during the Seize Mai crisis.

President Patrice de MacMahon dissolved the Chamber of Deputies elected in 1876, in the hope of a conservative and royalist victory. Although the monarchists lost the election, they increased their seat total over 1876; the Republicans lost 80 seats, but retained a majority.

This election proved a serious setback for those hoping for a restoration of the monarchy, such as MacMahon. In the Senate elections of January 1879, the monarchists also lost control of the Senate. MacMahon resigned, and the Republican Jules Grévy was elected president by the National Assembly.[1]

Along with the 1997 election, it is a rare case of an election in which the sitting President's party lost a general election which he had called.


Parliamentary Groups[edit]

Affiliation Party Seats
  Republican Union 130
  Republican Left 130
  Bonapartists 104
  Legitimists 44
  Orleanists 11
Total 521
  1. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 253-254