French legislative election, 1902

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French legislative election, 1902
France
1898 ←
27 April and 11 May 1902 → 1906

All 585 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
293 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Émile Combes.jpg Meline.jpg Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau by Nadar.jpg
Leader Émile Combes Jules Méline Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
Party PRRRS Progressive Republicans ARD
Leader's seat Charente-Inférieure (Senator)
Last election 178 seats 254 seats (Opportunist Republicans) New party
Seats won 233 135 95
Seat change Increase 55 Decrease 129 New party
Popular vote 2,267,071
Percentage 26.9%
Swing Increase 9.5%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Jacques Piou (Agence Meurisse, 1913).jpg Jean Jaurès, 1904, by Nadar.jpg
Leader Jacques Piou Jean Jaurès
Party Popular Liberal Action French Socialist Party
Leader's seat Lozère Tarn
Last election 32 seats (Ralliés) New party
Seats won 75 37
Seat change Increase 43 New party

2010UKElectionMap.svg

[1]

Government before election

Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau
ARD (Bloc des gauches)

Elected Government

Émile Combes
PRRRS (Bloc des gauches)

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Legislative elections were held in France on 27 April and 11 May 1902.

These elections were a victory for the Bloc des gauches alliance between Socialists, Radicals, and the left wing of the Republicans, over the anti-Dreyfusard right wing of the Republicans, the progressistes. The Bloc des gauches had been brought together to support the "Republican Defense Cabinet" (gouvernement de défense républicaine) formed by Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau following the assault on the newly-elected President, Émile Loubet, on the Longchamp Racecourse on 4 June 1899, during the Dreyfus affair.

However, Waldeck-Rousseau's own supporters (the ARD) took few seats in the election compared to the Radicals and Socialists. After the election, President Loubet invited the Radical Émile Combes to form a government, which lasted until January 1905, when the Socialists withdrew from the Bloc des gauches.[2]

Results[edit]

Alliance Party Votes % Vote Seats
  Progressive Republicans 1,629,483 19.30% 107
  Bloc des gauches Radicals 1,445,415 17.12% 121
  Popular Liberal Action 1,350,581 16.00% 85
  Nationalists 1,099,137 13.02% 56
  Bloc des gauches Republican Left 1,087,048 12.87% 79
  Bloc des gauches Radical-Socialists 854,269 10.12% 77
  Bloc des gauches French Socialist Party 664,803 7.87% 37
  Socialist Party of France 210,400 2.49% 9
  Monarchists 42,406 0.50% 3
  Miscellaneous 59,822 0.70% 1
Popular vote
PR
  
19.30%
Radicals
  
17.12%
ALP
  
16.00%
Nationalists
  
13.02%
Republican Left
  
12.87%
Radical-Socialists
  
10.12%
PSF
  
7.87%
PSdF
  
2.49%
Others
  
1.20%

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.france-politique.fr/elections-legislatives-1902.htm
  2. ^ Gildea, R., Children of the Revolution, London, 2008, p. 278-282

Sources[edit]