French postcard

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For the 1979 film, see French Postcards.

A French postcard is a small, postcard-sized piece of cardstock featuring a photograph of a nude or semi-nude woman. Such erotic cards were produced in great volume, primarily in France, in the late 19th and early 20th century. The term was adopted in the USA, where such cards were not legally made.[1] The cards were sold as postcards, but the primary purpose was not for sending by mail, as they would have been banned from delivery. French street vendors, tobacco shops and a variety of other vendors bought the photographs for resale to tourists.

History[edit]

Postcards were made of Indian coolie women and girls bedecked in jewelry made of gold and silver such as bangles and nose rings which seemed to be aiming to show them as wealthy and pretty.[2][3][4][5]

Postcards were made in French colonial Indo-China of Japanese prostitutes (Karayuki-san),[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13] and in British ruled Singapore.[14][15][16]

French postcard images[edit]

A number of photographers and studios produced French postcards, with some of them featuring particularly popular models.

Orientalist images[edit]

Many photographers and studios specialized in images with an Orientalist theme.

French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Color of Words: An Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Ethnic Bias in the United States, Philip Herbst. Intercultural Press, 1997, page 86
  2. ^ Bahadur, Gaiutra (June 5, 2015). "“Postcards from Empire”". Repeating Islands. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Bahadur, Gaiutra (Spring 2015). "Postcards from Empire". Dissent. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Krista A. Thompson (2007). An Eye for the Tropics: Tourism, Photography, and Framing the Caribbean Picturesque. Nicholas Thomas. Duke University Press. p. 82. ISBN 0822388561. Retrieved June 1, 2006. 
  5. ^ W.H. Whiteman (photographer) (ca 1890). Coolie Woman, Trinidad (Gelatin Silver print). Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Check date values in: |year=, |date= (help) Felix Morin (photographer) (Courtesy of the Walter Rodney Archives in Georgetown, Guyana) (c. 1900). Woman, Trinidad, Postcard image of Coolie Types, Trinidad, c. 1900 (albumen print). Port of Spain, Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url1= ignored (help) Photo is from the Michael Goldberg Collection, The Alma Jordan Library, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad. Coolie Woman (albumen print). The Caledonian House, Port of Spain, Trinidad.: Goodwille & Wilson Ltd. Archived from the original on Dec 6, 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help)Felix Morin (photographer). Coolie Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help)Group of Coolie Women. Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Felix Morin (photographer). A Bengalese Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help)Felix Morin (photographer). A Madras Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help)Felix Morin (photographer). Two Women, Trinidad (albumen print). Port of Spain, Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help)Felix Morin (photographer). A Madras Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Felix Morin (photographer). Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Port of Spain, Trinidad. Archived from the original on 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Coolie Woman, Trinidad (albumen print). Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. J. Murray Jordan (photographer) (1897). A Family In The Coolie Village (Albumen print). Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  East Indian Woman, Trinidad, BWI. Trinidad: Waterman the Hatter, Clothier & Outfitter, 15 Frederick St., Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. A COOLIE BELLE, TRINIDAD. Trinidad: London Ward, Lock. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Woman, Trinidad. Port of Spain, Trinidad. Archived from the original on Spring 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Coolie Woman, Trinidad (Albumen print). Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. admin (November 30, 2012). "The Return to the Motherland". Guyana Times International. Retrieved 28 June 2015. admin (May 10, 2013). "The roots of Anti-Indian Racism Non-Fiction accounts. 1838-1935". Guyana Times International. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Bielawski, Jim. "THE EFFECTS OF INDENTURED SERVITUDE ON THE BRITISH WEST INDIES DURING POST EMANCIPATION". flax. (From the Harvard Houghton Library), COURTESY HOUGHTON LIBRARY, HARVARD UNIVERSITY Houghton Library, Harvard University (c. 1890). Indian girl in Trinidad, c. 1890, An Indian indentured woman in Trinidad, circa 1890. Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help) Courtesy the National Archives UK. EAST INDIAN IMMIGRANTS. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)COURTESY THE ALMA JORDAN LIBRARY, THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES The Alma Jordan Library, The Univ. of the West Indies. Trinidadian postcard of indentured women. Archived from the original on May 3, 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2015. COURTESY THE ALMA JORDAN LIBRARY, THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES. An image of an indentured woman and child from the Michael Goldberg collection. Archived from the original on 2014-05-03-at-9.58.02-PM. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)COURTESY HOUGHTON LIBRARY, HARVARD UNIVERSITY. Indentured men and women posing in front of a canefield in Demerara, the shorthand the British used for their colony Guiana. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Un groupe d'Indiens [A group of Indians] (in French). June 11, 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Image from the National Library of Jamaica Photograph Collection (Baille Collection). ([date unknown]). East Indian girls preparing rice, Jamaica [date unknown]. Jamaica. Archived from the original on June 19, 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url14= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url10= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url13= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url15= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date11= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url12= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date12= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date13= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date14= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url11= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date10= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date15= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Check date values in: |year=, |date= (help) https://thepeopleafterslavery.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/indentured-labourers-20.jpg. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help) http://www.indiaafricaconnect.in/upload/Multimedia/120130501170457_l.jpg. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)Eugene Klein (photographer) (1921). GUYANA. A portrait of a young woman in traditional Indian clothing and jewels. Eugene Klein. [A portrait of a young woman in traditional Indian clothing, Guyana, 1921 (b/w photo)] ((b/w photo)). Guyana. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help) https://notafrica.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/the-beginning-of-domestic-violence/. Archived from the original on MARCH 6, 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)Houghton Library, Harvard University. Indentured men and women posing in front of a canefield in Guyana. Archived from the original on 2014-05-03-at-10.03.12-PM. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help) https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/b6/cc/82/b6cc820e9661b212415ea6381ac9ef14.jpg. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url1= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help) http://dj9frc12kq0lk.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/story-images/2011/spring/Bahadur_04.jpg. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help)East Indian Woman and Child. Trinidad, BWI.: Stephens Ltd. Posted 1910. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)An Indian Belle. Trinidad: Wilsons Limited. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Group of Three Coolies. Trinidad: Muir, Marshall & Co. Retrieved 28 June 2015. East Indian, Trinidad, B.W.I. Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. An East Indian Lady. Trinidad. Trinidad: The Bonanza. Smith Bros. & Co. Port of Spain. Trinidad. Printed in Germany. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Coolie Types, Trinidad. Trinidad. Posted in 1912. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)East Indians. Trinidad, BWI. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Trinidad & Tobago Vintage Postcards http://southasianlitfest.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Coolie_Woman_Event_300x300.jpg. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help) https://groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/guyana2/conversations/topics/5516. Archived from the original on Apr 29, 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Missing or empty |title= (help) http://overtown.org.uk/guyana/guyana-people.html. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help) http://overtown.org.uk/guyana/guyana-people.html. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help) http://overtown.org.uk/guyana/guyana-people.html. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)Two Indian women carrying metal jugs of water or milk on their head, standing in street. Guyana, South America. 1922. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate=, |date= (help)East Indian Milk Seller in Trinidad. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Coolie Girl of Demerara. British Guiana. circa 1902. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)COURTESY HOUGHTON LIBRARY, HARVARD UNIVERSITY. Coolies, Demerara. Guiana. Retrieved 28 June 2015. Kirke, Henry. Twenty-five years in British Guiana. (1898). COOLIE GIRL, BRITISH GUIANA. BRITISH GUIANA: London, S. Low, Marston. Archived from the original on 5, 09, 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)Kirke, Henry. Twenty-five years in British Guiana. (1898). EAST INDIAN IMMIGRANTS, BRITISH GUIANA. BRITISH GUIANA: London, S. Low, Marston. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)An Indian girl who came to Guyana under indentureship. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)Three East Indian women labourers in Trinidad, 1890s. Trinidad. 1890s. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate= (help) DEMERARA COOLIE GIRL. Archived from the original on August 28, 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help)The Jocelyn Arnott Collection. Courtesy: Paria Publishing. Coolie Girl. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)Indian Labourers In Trinidad IN 1845. 1845. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)An Indo-Caribbean family in Trinidad, 1931. 1931. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help) https://www.pinterest.com/rubyishak/indentureship-pics/. Archived from the original on .. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Check date values in: |archivedate= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)EAST INDIAN COOLIE FAMILY. 1899. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015. EAST INDIAN COOLIE GIRL. 1899. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015. COOLIE WOMEN, BRITISH GUIANA. 1899. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015. COOLIE VEGETABLE SELLERS, BRITISH GUIANA. 1899. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2015. TRINIDAD COOLIES. 1899. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010s. Retrieved 28 June 2015. DEMERARA COOLIE GIRL. 1903. Archived from the original on August, 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)COOLIES OF TRINIDAD. 1903. Archived from the original on August, 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)COOLIE SERVANT. 1903. Archived from the original on August, 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)PLANTATION COOLIE WOMAN IN MARTINIQUE COSTUME. 1903. Archived from the original on August, 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)COOLIE HALF-BREED. 1903. Archived from the original on August, 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  6. ^ Une Horizontale à Saïgon (Prostitution une Horizontale à Saigon Indochine prostituée cochinchine Vietnam) (photograph) (in French). Saigon: Collection Phénix Mottet et co, éditeurs à Saigon. Archived from the original on January 1, 2010.  Text "Lun 1er Avr 2013 15:53:55 (GMT+1.0)" ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url16= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date16= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url14= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url13= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url15= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date6= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date11= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date8= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url10= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date13= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url7= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url12= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date14= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url11= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date10= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archivedate-9= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date15= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help)
  7. ^ SAIGON. - Un Groupe d'Horizontales Japonaises (Carte postale Saigon Vietnam, Un groupe d'Horizontales japonaises, Geishas) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. Archived from the original on March 7, 2005.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date5= ignored (help)
  8. ^ VIET-NAM - Saigon : A Japanese prostitute (photograph) (in French). Saigon. 
  9. ^ 154. Cochinchine - Saïgon - Gorupe de juenes Japonaises (CPA VIET NAM COCHINCHINE SAIGON 1912 JEUNES JAPONAISES) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. 1912. 
  10. ^ 149. Cochinchine - Saïgon - Trois Juenes Mousmées (CPA Viet Nam COCHINCHINE SAIGON Trois Jeunes Mousmées animé !!! ETAT Trace visible !!! VOIR SCANS et Descriptions) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. 1910 [1900]. 
  11. ^ 235. Cochinchine - Saïgon - Jeune Maman Japonaise et son Enfant (Rare CPA Viet Nam COCHINCHINE SAIGON Jeune Maman Japonaise et son Enfant animé VOIR SCANS et Descriptions) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. 1910 [1900]. 
  12. ^ 231. Cochinchine - Saïgon - Types de Japonaises (CPA Viet Nam COCHINCHINE SAIGON Type de Japonaises animé VOIR SCANS et Descriptions) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. 
  13. ^ 146. Cochinchine - Saïgon JAponaise demi-mondaine (VIETNAM INDOCHINE VIETNAM COCHINCHINE SAIGON JAPONAISE DEMI MONDAINE PROSTITUTION EROTISME GEISHA) (photograph) (in French). Saigon. Archived from the original on 25 April 2015.  Unknown parameter |archive-url3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-date3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |archive-url2= ignored (help)
  14. ^ Japanese Woman (A Japanese Karayuki-san (Prostitute) in Singapore). Singapore. 
  15. ^ Japanese Girls (photograph). Singapore. 1904. 
  16. ^ Karayuki-sankarayuki-san
  17. ^ De l'académisme à la photo de charme, Christian Bourdon. Paris: Marval, 2006 ISBN 978-2862343945
  18. ^ http://papericons.com/fernande/index.html

Further reading[edit]

French Postcards: An Album of Vintage Erotica, Martin Stevens. Universe Books/Rizzoli, 2007

External links[edit]